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Intergenerational transmitted poverty and wealth a life course perspective; south africa

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Intra-household dynamics play a critical role in the transmission of poverty. Instead of focusing on poverty, the paper argues, development practice should channel its efforts towards fostering …

Intra-household dynamics play a critical role in the transmission of poverty. Instead of focusing on poverty, the paper argues, development practice should channel its efforts towards fostering intergenerational wealth creation. Therefore, a clear understanding of intra-household and community dynamics of poverty transmission is an essential starting point for designing effective socio-economic development interventions.

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  • 1. Intergenerational Transmitted Poverty & Wealth Creation Towards a Lifecourse Approach to Community Development; Lessons for South Africa
    Mthokozisi Sidambe& James Chakwizira
    October 2008
  • 2. Outline of Presentation
    Core Rural Development Challenges
    Poverty & Wealth Life Testimony Definitions
    Why focus on Intergenerational transfer of poverty and wealth (ITPW)
    Unemployment trends
    Percentage of people living below R250 per month poverty lines
    Persons below MLL (Eastern Cape Example)
    Chronic and Transient Poverty: The Continuum Classes of the Poor
    The substances being transferred
    Parent to Child Intergenerational Transfer of Wealth and Poverty
    Prerequisites for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and Development
    Care’s Livelihood Security Model
    Life course Perspective to Poverty Alleviation
    Dalisoka Primary School, EC Life Story of a Girl Child
    Minibus Taxi Industry and the BBBEE footprints in South Africa
    Marrying Theory and Practice: An Example
    Possible Strategic and Practical Life Course Interventions
    Concluding Remarks
  • 3. Why focus on Intergenerational transfer of poverty and wealth (ITPW)?
    Growth and Development
    History
    Decades of
    consistent
    attack on
    poverty
    MDGs
    Transfer of poverty
    and wealth (ITPW)
    Lessons & options
  • 4. Poverty & Wealth Life Testimony
    ‘’You want to know to how I define poverty. How can you ask that question when you yourself see that I live in poverty? The definition of poverty is right in front of you. Look at me, I stay alone. I don’t have enough food. I have no decent clothing or accommodation. I have no clean water nearby to drink. Look at my swollen leg. I can’t get to the clinic, which is too far for me to walk. So what kind of definition do you expect me to give you which is better than what you are seeing with your naked eyes?’’
    (Sachikonye 2003: Preface).
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7. HSRC’s social need index
    • Population/ health facilities
    • 8. Road length/ km2
    • 9. Population density
    • 10. Electricity and water provision
    • 11. Dependency ratio
    • 12. Pupil/ teacher ratio
    • 13. Unemployment
    • 14. Poverty gap
    • 15. Etc.
    ..and addressing the high concentrations of poverty & associated social needs in the deep rural economy environments
    High
    Med-high
    Medium
    Med-low
    Low
    Deep rural – developmental environments
    Core Challenge for Rural Dev.
    Addressing the Access Divide … AND
  • 16. Persons Below MLL – Eastern Cape Province (an example)
  • 17. Chronic and Transient Poverty: The Continuum Classes of the Poor
  • 18. The Substances being Transferred
    Source: Moore, K. (2001:10)
  • 19. Parent to Child Intergenerational Transfer of Wealth and Poverty
    Source: Moore, K. (2001:5)
  • 20.
  • 21. Lifecourse perspective to poverty alleviation
    CROSS-CUTTING
    Gender, Disabled, HIV/AIDS (Health and well-being), Environmental Conservation, Good Governance
    Accessibility – access to all basic human needs e.g. education, health etc
    Childhood
    Level & type of LC intervention
    Infancy
    Pre-Natal
    Adulthood
    Old-age
    (Twilight)
    Teenage
    X
    0
    Age & life phase
    Schools
    Access
    Curricula
    SET
    Health
    Interventions
    Education &
    Awareness
    Nutrition
    Employment
    Jobs
    LED
    Career
    Guidance
    Safety Nets
    Living Pension
    (Old-age grants)
    INTERVENTIONS
    BBBEE
    At the Moment BBBEE is looking at this phase. Our proposal – stretch it – it’s a continuum
  • 22. Possible Strategic and Practical Life Course Interventions
    Indigenous Knowledge Systems
    Appropriate Technology
    Education
    P - Political
    E - Economic
    S - Social
    T - Technical
    P – Physical
    L – Legal
    E - Ecological
    G – Globilisation
    (Need to pay attention to all these in LC public interventions)
    Life Course Perspective to Poverty Alleviation
    Labour intensive job employment e.g. EPWP
    Strengthening local capacity and institutions
    Partnerships
  • 23. Need for Multi-disciplinary approach
    To Life course Interventions
    Concluding Remarks and Thoughts
    Interface
    Between
    Theory
    & Practice
    Collective
    Learning &
    Action
    (R&D
    Demo
    Projects
    etc)
    Intergrated
    &
    Comprehensive
    Packages
    Sustainable
    Development
    & Communities
  • 24. Thank you …
    Mthokozisi Sidambe
    Email: mthokozisi.sidambe@gmail.com
    James Chakwizira, CSIR
    Email: jameschakwizira@yahoo.com

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