Intergenerational Transmitted Poverty & Wealth Creation Towards a Lifecourse Approach  to Community Development; Lessons f...
Outline of Presentation<br />Core Rural Development Challenges<br />Poverty & Wealth Life Testimony Definitions<br />Why f...
Why focus on Intergenerational transfer of poverty and wealth (ITPW)?<br />Growth and Development<br /> History<br />Decad...
Poverty & Wealth Life Testimony<br />‘’You want to know to how I define poverty. How can you ask that question when you yo...
HSRC’s social need index<br /><ul><li>Population/ health facilities
Road length/ km2
Population density
Electricity and water provision
Dependency ratio
Pupil/ teacher ratio
Unemployment
Poverty gap
Etc.</li></ul>..and addressing the high concentrations of poverty & associated social needs in the deep rural economy envi...
Persons Below MLL – Eastern Cape Province (an example)<br />
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Intergenerational transmitted poverty and wealth a life course perspective; south africa

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Intra-household dynamics play a critical role in the transmission of poverty. Instead of focusing on poverty, the paper argues, development practice should channel its efforts towards fostering intergenerational wealth creation. Therefore, a clear understanding of intra-household and community dynamics of poverty transmission is an essential starting point for designing effective socio-economic development interventions.

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Intergenerational transmitted poverty and wealth a life course perspective; south africa

  1. 1. Intergenerational Transmitted Poverty & Wealth Creation Towards a Lifecourse Approach to Community Development; Lessons for South Africa<br />Mthokozisi Sidambe& James Chakwizira<br />October 2008<br />
  2. 2. Outline of Presentation<br />Core Rural Development Challenges<br />Poverty & Wealth Life Testimony Definitions<br />Why focus on Intergenerational transfer of poverty and wealth (ITPW)<br />Unemployment trends<br />Percentage of people living below R250 per month poverty lines<br />Persons below MLL (Eastern Cape Example)<br />Chronic and Transient Poverty: The Continuum Classes of the Poor<br />The substances being transferred<br />Parent to Child Intergenerational Transfer of Wealth and Poverty<br />Prerequisites for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and Development<br />Care’s Livelihood Security Model<br />Life course Perspective to Poverty Alleviation<br />Dalisoka Primary School, EC Life Story of a Girl Child<br />Minibus Taxi Industry and the BBBEE footprints in South Africa<br />Marrying Theory and Practice: An Example<br />Possible Strategic and Practical Life Course Interventions<br />Concluding Remarks<br />
  3. 3. Why focus on Intergenerational transfer of poverty and wealth (ITPW)?<br />Growth and Development<br /> History<br />Decades of <br />consistent <br />attack on <br />poverty<br />MDGs<br />Transfer of poverty <br />and wealth (ITPW)<br />Lessons & options<br />
  4. 4. Poverty & Wealth Life Testimony<br />‘’You want to know to how I define poverty. How can you ask that question when you yourself see that I live in poverty? The definition of poverty is right in front of you. Look at me, I stay alone. I don’t have enough food. I have no decent clothing or accommodation. I have no clean water nearby to drink. Look at my swollen leg. I can’t get to the clinic, which is too far for me to walk. So what kind of definition do you expect me to give you which is better than what you are seeing with your naked eyes?’’ <br />(Sachikonye 2003: Preface).<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
  7. 7. HSRC’s social need index<br /><ul><li>Population/ health facilities
  8. 8. Road length/ km2
  9. 9. Population density
  10. 10. Electricity and water provision
  11. 11. Dependency ratio
  12. 12. Pupil/ teacher ratio
  13. 13. Unemployment
  14. 14. Poverty gap
  15. 15. Etc.</li></ul>..and addressing the high concentrations of poverty & associated social needs in the deep rural economy environments <br />High<br />Med-high<br />Medium<br />Med-low<br />Low<br />Deep rural – developmental environments<br />Core Challenge for Rural Dev.<br />Addressing the Access Divide … AND<br />
  16. 16. Persons Below MLL – Eastern Cape Province (an example)<br />
  17. 17. Chronic and Transient Poverty: The Continuum Classes of the Poor<br />
  18. 18. The Substances being Transferred<br />Source: Moore, K. (2001:10)<br />
  19. 19. Parent to Child Intergenerational Transfer of Wealth and Poverty<br />Source: Moore, K. (2001:5)<br />
  20. 20.
  21. 21. Lifecourse perspective to poverty alleviation<br />CROSS-CUTTING<br />Gender, Disabled, HIV/AIDS (Health and well-being), Environmental Conservation, Good Governance<br />Accessibility – access to all basic human needs e.g. education, health etc<br />Childhood<br />Level & type of LC intervention<br />Infancy<br />Pre-Natal<br />Adulthood<br />Old-age <br />(Twilight)<br />Teenage<br />X<br />0<br />Age & life phase<br />Schools<br />Access<br />Curricula<br />SET<br />Health<br />Interventions<br />Education &<br />Awareness<br />Nutrition<br />Employment<br />Jobs<br />LED<br />Career <br />Guidance<br />Safety Nets<br />Living Pension<br />(Old-age grants)<br />INTERVENTIONS<br />BBBEE<br />At the Moment BBBEE is looking at this phase. Our proposal – stretch it – it’s a continuum<br />
  22. 22. Possible Strategic and Practical Life Course Interventions<br />Indigenous Knowledge Systems<br />Appropriate Technology<br />Education<br />P - Political<br />E - Economic<br />S - Social<br />T - Technical<br />P – Physical<br />L – Legal <br />E - Ecological<br />G – Globilisation<br />(Need to pay attention to all these in LC public interventions)<br />Life Course Perspective to Poverty Alleviation<br />Labour intensive job employment e.g. EPWP<br />Strengthening local capacity and institutions<br />Partnerships<br />
  23. 23. Need for Multi-disciplinary approach<br />To Life course Interventions<br />Concluding Remarks and Thoughts<br />Interface <br />Between<br />Theory <br />& Practice<br />Collective<br />Learning &<br />Action<br />(R&D<br />Demo <br />Projects<br />etc)<br />Intergrated<br />&<br />Comprehensive<br />Packages<br />Sustainable<br />Development<br />& Communities<br />
  24. 24. Thank you …<br />Mthokozisi Sidambe<br />Email: mthokozisi.sidambe@gmail.com<br />James Chakwizira, CSIR<br />Email: jameschakwizira@yahoo.com<br />

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