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DPI-665 Politics of the Internet <ul><li>January 30, 2012 notes </li></ul><ul><li>Audio here: http://www.livescribe.com/cg...
Reminders <ul><li>Send me your blog address and Twitter handle </li></ul><ul><li>My email is  [email_address] </li></ul><u...
Review <ul><li>How does the Internet change politics? </li></ul><ul><li>Before Internet vs after Internet </li></ul><ul><l...
The politics of the Internet’s architecture <ul><li>The tools for connection matter (are they open or closed?) </li></ul><...
The values of its makers <ul><li>To connect anyone to anyone, as simply as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Not built around cre...
The result <ul><li>N o one owns it (it’s a distributed agreement, not a tangible property) </li></ul><ul><li>E veryone can...
What regulates the Internet? <ul><li>Laws (of the governments where it is hosted) </li></ul><ul><li>Norms (of its makers a...
The Internet’s tendency <ul><li>Laws and Markets are often beyond the power of the Internet’s makers. </li></ul><ul><li>On...
Dave Clark <ul><li>“ We reject kings, presidents and voting. We believe in rough consensus and running code.”  </li></ul>
 
John Gilmore <ul><li>&quot;The Net interprets censorship as damage and routes around it.&quot;  </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Ho...
Jon Postel <ul><li>&quot;Be conservative in what you do, be liberal in what you accept from others.&quot;  </li></ul>
Richard Stallman <ul><li>What does society need? It needs information that is truly available to its citizens—for example,...
John Perry Barlow <ul><li>Governments of the Industrial World, you weary giants of flesh and steel, I come from Cyberspace...
The Internet is thus in conflict with… <ul><li>Property rights (copying/sharing is inherent to computers; making a copy do...
First blog post due Feb 1 <ul><li>Your post should be based on the readings for Jan. 25 and Jan. 30 in the syllabus. Your ...
<ul><li>b) explore this question: what are the default behaviors and traditional practices exposed and potentially disrupt...
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Summing up the early internet

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Notes for the Jan 30, 2012 class of Politics of the Internet, DPI-665, Harvard Kennedy School, Professor Micah L. Sifry. CC BY-NC-SA

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  • OSI= Open Systems Interconnection (1992 quote from Clark)
  • Free Software means software that comes with freedom -- not software that has a price of 0.
  • Domain Name System Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
  • Freedom to run the program Freedom to run the program Freedom to access the code Freedom to redistribute the program to anyone Freedom to improve the software Gpl--It&apos;s believed that the copyleft provided by the GPL was crucial to the success of Linux based systems, giving the programmers who contributed to the kernel the assurance that their work would benefit the whole world and remain free, rather than being exploited by software companies that would not have to give anything back to the community.[14]
  • Transcript of "Summing up the early internet"

    1. 1. DPI-665 Politics of the Internet <ul><li>January 30, 2012 notes </li></ul><ul><li>Audio here: http://www.livescribe.com/cgi-bin/WebObjects/LDApp.woa/wa/MLSOverviewPage?sid=0P5shM74q2p7 </li></ul><ul><li>Professor Micah L. Sifry </li></ul><ul><li>CC BY-NC-SA </li></ul>
    2. 2. Reminders <ul><li>Send me your blog address and Twitter handle </li></ul><ul><li>My email is [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>First blog post is due Feb 1, before class </li></ul>
    3. 3. Review <ul><li>How does the Internet change politics? </li></ul><ul><li>Before Internet vs after Internet </li></ul><ul><li>What are the politics of the early Internet, as expressed by its makers and in its architecture? </li></ul><ul><li>(Coming soon: What kinds of politics does the Internet make more possible?) </li></ul>
    4. 4. The politics of the Internet’s architecture <ul><li>The tools for connection matter (are they open or closed?) </li></ul><ul><li>The network for connection matters (decentralized or centralized?) </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet is built on open tools and decentralized connections </li></ul><ul><li>All data is treated equally </li></ul>
    5. 5. The values of its makers <ul><li>To connect anyone to anyone, as simply as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Not built around creating billing events, but around creating connections </li></ul><ul><li>Open process (“rough consensus and running code”) leads to better outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>To build a better human society </li></ul>
    6. 6. The result <ul><li>N o one owns it (it’s a distributed agreement, not a tangible property) </li></ul><ul><li>E veryone can use it (it scales infinitely because it’s easy to join) </li></ul><ul><li>A nyone can improve it (new services can be added at the edge, permission-free) </li></ul>
    7. 7. What regulates the Internet? <ul><li>Laws (of the governments where it is hosted) </li></ul><ul><li>Norms (of its makers and users) </li></ul><ul><li>Markets (affecting its availability) </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture (the affordances of its code) </li></ul>
    8. 8. The Internet’s tendency <ul><li>Laws and Markets are often beyond the power of the Internet’s makers. </li></ul><ul><li>Only Norms and Architecture are more fully directed by them. </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet is not perfectly free…but it expands freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>The early Internet is an idealized model; today Internet governance is more organized, less anarchic. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Dave Clark <ul><li>“ We reject kings, presidents and voting. We believe in rough consensus and running code.” </li></ul>
    10. 11. John Gilmore <ul><li>&quot;The Net interprets censorship as damage and routes around it.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;How many of you have broken no laws this month? That's the kind of society I want to build …with physics and mathematics, not with laws....&quot; </li></ul>
    11. 12. Jon Postel <ul><li>&quot;Be conservative in what you do, be liberal in what you accept from others.&quot; </li></ul>
    12. 13. Richard Stallman <ul><li>What does society need? It needs information that is truly available to its citizens—for example, programs that people can read, fix, adapt, and improve, not just operate. </li></ul><ul><li>Society also needs freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>And, above all, society needs to encourage the spirit of voluntary cooperation in its citizens. </li></ul>
    13. 14. John Perry Barlow <ul><li>Governments of the Industrial World, you weary giants of flesh and steel, I come from Cyberspace, the new home of Mind. On behalf of the future, I ask you of the past to leave us alone. You are not welcome among us. You have no sovereignty where we gather. </li></ul>
    14. 15. The Internet is thus in conflict with… <ul><li>Property rights (copying/sharing is inherent to computers; making a copy does not equal taking a physical object) </li></ul><ul><li>Governments that try to interfere with it. </li></ul><ul><li>What else? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you agree? </li></ul>
    15. 16. First blog post due Feb 1 <ul><li>Your post should be based on the readings for Jan. 25 and Jan. 30 in the syllabus. Your post should be about 500 words. Either: </li></ul><ul><li>a) summarize at least one of the key arguments made in those readings and analyze and evaluate that argument, explaining why you agree or disagree with it, using relevant material from those readings, class discussion, or your own work, experiences and/or research; or </li></ul>
    16. 17. <ul><li>b) explore this question: what are the default behaviors and traditional practices exposed and potentially disrupted by the new culture made possible by the emergence of the Internet. Treat this as establishing a baseline where you are essentially saying what you think now about these issues. At the end of the semester it will be useful for you to go back and see how your views may have changed or been expanded. </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity, use of relevant outside sources, and compelling arguments will all improve how these posts are graded. </li></ul>
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