Two sides face off 2 Superpowers after WWII United States Democratic Allied with Western countries North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO) Soviet Union Communist Allied with Eastern countries Warsaw Pact Two sides divided by “IronCurtain”
Berlin Wall West Berlin- Democratic East Berlin- Communist Wall stopped peoplefleeing from East to WestBerlin Resistance toCommunism East Germany,Hungary, Poland,Czechoslovakia Rebellion stopped byWarsaw Pact and Soviettroops
1960s- Britain, France, China develop nuclear weapons 1968- Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Stop spread of nuclear weapons Détente Relaxation of tension during 1970s Ended when Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in 1979
Cold War goes Global U.S. formed alliances with Britain, France, Australia,Pakistan, Thailand, New Zealand, the Philipines,Turkey, Iran, Japan, and South Korea Built many military bases around the world- encirclingthe enemy Soviets allied with many African and Asiangovernments including China Shooting wars in Korea and Vietnam U.S., Soviet Union, and China all got involved
Cuba Fidel Castro- Organized rebellion against corrupt Cuban dictator Supported Soviet Union Restricted Cuban freedom Bay of Pigs U.S. invasion of Cuba Invaders captured by Castro’s forces- trade embargowith Cuba Cuban Missile Crisis- 1962 Soviet Union sent nuclear weapons to Cuba
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