Charles V- ruled Spain (Hapsburg empire) and the colonies Left empire to Son Phillip II › Absolute monarch › Divine right
English sea captains attacking Spanish ships and cities Phillip II assembled Spanish armada › Huge fleet of ships › Over 130 ships › Defeated by the English Spanish empire begins decline after 1588
Religious wars › Catholics vs. Protestants (Huguenots) › St. Bartholomew’s day Massacre Henry IV › Converts to Catholicism but grants religious toleration (Edict of Nantes) › Killed by assassin- 9 year old son, Louis XIII, takes throne
Louis XIII appoints Cardinal Richelieu as advisor › Strengthened central govt › Brains of the operation › Appoints Louis XIV as next king (5 years old!) Louis XIV › Absolute monarch › “I am the state”
Royal family- The Tudors › Divine right › Worked with Parliament Read Ch. 16, sec. 3 on p. 330 and answer the checkpoint questions
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