The Costs of War Millions of dead andwounded 1918 Influenza pandemic-20 million dead Reconstructing war zones War debt Allies forced central Powersto pay war Reparations
The Costs of War Look at graphs on p. 649 Which two countries suffered the highest percentageof deaths? Why were American deaths lower than othercountries? What long term impact would deaths and injurieshave on these European countries?
Political Turmoil Government Collapses Russia Germany Austria- Hungary Ottoman Empire Opportunity for radicals to take over Wanted to make extreme changes to thegovernment
The Paris Peace Conference Allies met to decide the fate ofEurope Central Powers and Russia notallowed to attend “Big 3” Leaders Wilson (U.S.) wanted “peacewithout victory” George (Britain) wanted ahero’s victory Clemenceau (France) wantedto punish/weaken Germany
Paris Peace Conference League of Nationsestablished Collectivesecurity Group of nationsmeet to preserveworld widepeace
The Treaty of Versailles Germany gets a bad deal Forced Germany to take blame for the war Germany to pay $30 billion in warreparations Forced to reduce military size Portions of land taken away Germany not happy!!! View maps on p. 651