Korea and its traditions

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  • 1. Ch. 12. sec. 3
  • 2.  Read the excerpt on the top of p. 197 FocusQuestion: How are Korea’s history and culture linked to those of China and Japan?
  • 3.  Covered by low, steep mountains  T’aebaek runs along the eastern coast  What kind of difficulties would this present? Most people live on the western coast  Farming plains 5400 miles of coast  Seafood  Lots of fishing Borders China
  • 4.  Shared culture and technology “Bridge” from China to Japan  Note: not actual bridge  ChineseHan Dynasty set up a military colony in Korea in 108 B.C.  Brought Chinese traditions  Government  Writing  Farming methods Look at map on p. 198- Discuss #1-3
  • 5. 3 separate kingdoms, 100 B.C.- 676 A.D.  (see map on p. 198) Silla Dynasty, 668-935 A.D. Koryo Dynasty, 918-1392 A.D. Choson Dynasty, 1392- 1910 A.D.
  • 6.  Focus on arts Growth of Buddhism Trade with China Civil service exam (like China)  Only aristocrats, no peasants (not like china)  Created conflict between aristocrats and peasants Peasants overthrow the Silla Dynasty
  • 7.  Spread of Confucianism and Buddhism Improved many Chinese inventions  Porcelain- made celedon (porcelain with blue- green glaze)  When Mongols invaded, the art of celadon making was lost
  • 8.  Reduced Buddhism, focused on Confuscianism King Sejong- most celebrated Korean king  Replaced Chinese writing with hangul writing  Look at example on p. 200  Easy to use  Increased literacy rate Japan invaded on its way to China  Used turtle ships to defeat the Japanese