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Read the excerpt on the top of p. 197 FocusQuestion: How are Korea’s history and culture linked to those of China and Japan?
Covered by low, steep mountains T’aebaek runs along the eastern coast What kind of difficulties would this present? Most people live on the western coast Farming plains 5400 miles of coast Seafood Lots of fishing Borders China
Shared culture and technology “Bridge” from China to Japan Note: not actual bridge ChineseHan Dynasty set up a military colony in Korea in 108 B.C. Brought Chinese traditions Government Writing Farming methods Look at map on p. 198- Discuss #1-3
3 separate kingdoms, 100 B.C.- 676 A.D. (see map on p. 198) Silla Dynasty, 668-935 A.D. Koryo Dynasty, 918-1392 A.D. Choson Dynasty, 1392- 1910 A.D.
Focus on arts Growth of Buddhism Trade with China Civil service exam (like China) Only aristocrats, no peasants (not like china) Created conflict between aristocrats and peasants Peasants overthrow the Silla Dynasty
Spread of Confucianism and Buddhism Improved many Chinese inventions Porcelain- made celedon (porcelain with blue- green glaze) When Mongols invaded, the art of celadon making was lost
Reduced Buddhism, focused on Confuscianism King Sejong- most celebrated Korean king Replaced Chinese writing with hangul writing Look at example on p. 200 Easy to use Increased literacy rate Japan invaded on its way to China Used turtle ships to defeat the Japanese