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  • 1. Important Events of the French Revolution
  • 2. The National Assembly  The Third Estate was very upset with the results of the Estates General  The Third Estate decided to break away and form its own governing body called the National Assembly  A majority of the clergy also voted to join the Third Estate
  • 3. The Tennis Court Oath  When the National Assembly arrived at their meeting place on June 20th, 1789, the doors were locked!  So they decided to move their meeting to a nearby indoor tennis court  The National Assembly swore that they would continue to meet until they produced a French constitution.  This oath was known as the Tennis Court Oath
  • 4. The Storming of the Bastille In July 1789, one fourth of the people of Paris were unemployed Bread prices were so high that many people were left without food Rumors spread that the king was sending troops to take over Paris. The people needed weapons to defend themselves
  • 5. The Storming of the Bastille Hundreds of French citizens marched to the Bastille, an old fort and prison, to search for gunpowder. The officer at the Bastille refused to give gunpowder to the crowd. He fired at the crowd, killing 98 people. The soldiers finally surrendered and the crowd took the Bastille.
  • 6.  News about the Bastille spread across France Peasants began to spontaneously revolt against their lords. The Storming of the Bastille symbolized the beginning of the French Revolution!
  • 7. Declaration of the Rights of Man  On August 4th, 1789, the National Assembly voted to abolish the rights of the landlords  They also abolished the financial privileges of the nobles and clergy.  On August 26th, the National Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man
  • 8. Declaration of the Rights of Man  Inspired by the American Declaration of Independence, the American Constitution, and the English Bill of Rights.  Liberty, Property, Security, and Resistance to Oppression  Equal rights for all men  All citizens had the right to take part in the law-making process.
  • 9. Women? Many insisted the declaration also included the rights of women as long as they did not get involved in politics. Olympe de Gouges was a woman who wrote plays and pamphlets. She refused to accept the political exclusion of women She wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen But the National Assembly ignored her demands 
  • 10. The March on Versailles  King refused to accept any of the decrees from the National Assembly  Unemployment and hunger increased  So 7,000 desperate women marched 12 miles from Paris to Versailles to demand bread.
  • 11. March on Versailles The women invaded the palace and killed several guards The King promised to give them bread and go with them back to Paris The King and his family never returned to Versailles…
  • 12. Church Reforms The National Assembly seized and stole land from the Church A new Civil Constitution of the Clergy was put into effect. Bishops and priests were elected by the people and paid by the state. Many Catholics did not like this and became enemies of the revolution
  • 13. New Constitution The Constitution of 1791 set up a limited constitutional monarchy. Legislative Assembly would make the laws Many people still opposed the new order Louis XVI attempted to flee France but was caught and brought back to Paris
  • 14. War with Austria Austria and Prussia were scared the revolt would spread to their countries Tried to restore Louis XVI to power National Assembly declared war on Austria