Federalcourts
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Federalcourts

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    Federalcourts Federalcourts Presentation Transcript

    • Powers of the Federal Court Ch. 11, sec. 1
    • Jurisdiction of the courts  Jurisdiction- the authority to hear a certain case (which type of courts get to try which cases).  State Courts  Each state has its own system of courts  Tries cases involving state laws  Federal Courts  Supreme Court  Lower federal courts  Tries cases involving federal laws
    • Federal Courts try cases involving: U.S. laws  Ambassadors to foreign countries Treaties with foreign countries  Two or more states Interpretation of the  U.S. govt. office or Constitution agency Bankruptcy  Citizens from different states Maritime law
    • Concurrent Jurisdiction In some cases, both state and federal courts have jurisdiction.  Ex: disputes between people from different states can choose a state or federal court if it is over $75,000.
    • Types of federal courts  Supreme Court- final step  Appellate Court (appeals)- Appellate Jurisdiction  Trial Court- Original Jurisdiction
    • Supreme Court Power  The court cannot go looking for an issue  They must wait until litigants (people filing a lawsuit) come before them.  Courts cannot answer questions about broad issues  They can only make decisions on specific individual cases.
    • Marbury vs. Madison
    • Dred Scott vs. Sandford
    • Slaughterhouse Cases
    • Plessy vs. Ferguson
    • Brown vs. Board of Education