China

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China

  1. 1. CHINACh. 12, sec. 1 & 2
  2. 2. Tang Dynasty (618-907) Unified China Tang Taizong- emperor  Greatly admired  Reformed government  Military leader  Historian Established tributary states  Vietnam, Tibet, Korea  Forced to recognize Chinese supremacy and pay tribute
  3. 3. Song Dynasty (960-1279) Weak army Strong wealth and culture Expanded farming- surplus of food! Shipped grain on the Grand Canal Lots of trade Remember the porcelain found in East Africa? That was from the Song Dynasty!
  4. 4. Chinese Society Gentry- land owning nobles Peasantry- worked in the fields Merchants- bottom social class of society  But they did have social mobility! Women  Idealpicture of beauty  Foot binding  White face, big hair
  5. 5. Culture Painting  Nature Architecture  Pagoda Porcelain Writing  Focus on poetry
  6. 6. Mongol Empire  Mongols invade China in the 1200s  Ghengis Khan  “universalruler”  Conquered lots of land  Pacific Ocean to eastern Europe  Fierce conquerors, peaceful rulers  Brought trade with Europe
  7. 7. Mongol Empire
  8. 8. Mongol Rule Kublai Khan  Ghengis’ grandson  Fully captured all of China Marco Polo  European traveller  Worked in Kublai Khan’s palace  Described the riches of China
  9. 9. Ming Dynasty  Means brilliant  Founded in 1368 by a peasant leader, Zhu Yuanzhang  Lead a rebel army to defeat the Mongols after Kublai Khan’s death  Restored civil service system  Testto become govt official  Prevented corruption
  10. 10. Economy and Culture Huge rice crops in the Chang River Valley Created terraces- cut steps into hills Revival of arts and literature  First detective stories  Famous novel: The Water Margin  Famous blue and white porcelain china
  11. 11. Chinese Fleet Sails the Seas-p. 195 Zheng He

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