Tang Dynasty (618-907) Unified China Tang Taizong- emperor Greatly admired Reformed government Military leader Historian Established tributary states Vietnam, Tibet, Korea Forced to recognize Chinese supremacy and pay tribute
Song Dynasty (960-1279) Weak army Strong wealth and culture Expanded farming- surplus of food! Shipped grain on the Grand Canal Lots of trade Remember the porcelain found in East Africa? That was from the Song Dynasty!
Chinese Society Gentry- land owning nobles Peasantry- worked in the fields Merchants- bottom social class of society But they did have social mobility! Women Idealpicture of beauty Foot binding White face, big hair
Mongol Empire Mongols invade China in the 1200s Ghengis Khan “universalruler” Conquered lots of land Pacific Ocean to eastern Europe Fierce conquerors, peaceful rulers Brought trade with Europe
Mongol Rule Kublai Khan Ghengis’ grandson Fully captured all of China Marco Polo European traveller Worked in Kublai Khan’s palace Described the riches of China
Ming Dynasty Means brilliant Founded in 1368 by a peasant leader, Zhu Yuanzhang Lead a rebel army to defeat the Mongols after Kublai Khan’s death Restored civil service system Testto become govt official Prevented corruption
Economy and Culture Huge rice crops in the Chang River Valley Created terraces- cut steps into hills Revival of arts and literature First detective stories Famous novel: The Water Margin Famous blue and white porcelain china