After Charlemagne’s death, Otto I becomes emperor German empire vey large- vassals much of the land Who should appoint church officials? Pope or king?
Henry IV (king) vs. Gregory VII (pope) Gregory banned lay investiture Henry not happy
Gregory excommunicated Henry! Henry begged for forgiveness Pope forgave Henry led army to force Pope into exile
Treaty Pope gave bishops spiritual authority King gave bishops fiefs
Federick Barbarossa- “Red Beard” Tried to take Italy- failed Arranged marriage for his son to Italian heiress
Papal Supremacy Pope Innocent III “pope stands between God and man” Excommunicated King John of England and Philip II of France Launched crusade (holy war) against the Albigensians in Southern France