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Ch3sec1 Ch3sec1 Presentation Transcript

  • TheConstitutionCh. 3, Section 1
  • Six Main Principles
  • Popular Sovereignty Rule by the people Consent of the governed  Citizens (aka “the governed”) must give their consent, or “OK”, for the government to function
  • Federalism Power divided between state and national governments Why federal and not unitary?  Articles of Confederation had failed so no one wanted the states to have all the power  BUT people we’re still scared to give all the power to the national government National government acts for country as a whole State governments control more local issues
  • Separation of Powers  3 branches (legislative, executive, judicial)  Each branch has its own responsibilities  Keeps any one branch from gaining too much power
  • Checks and Balances Each branch has some control over the other  President can check Congress by vetoing the laws it passes  Congress can check the president by overriding that veto (2/3 of each house has to agree)  Courts can check Congress by ruling their laws as unconstitutional  President can check courts by appointing judges, but the senate must approve
  • Judicial Review Ability of courts to declare laws unconstitutional Supreme court has final say Constitution does not directly give the courts this power, but it does say “judicial power shall extend to all cases arising under the Constitution” Marbury vs. Madison- court case giving federal courts the power to rule on the actions of the government
  • Limited Government Constitution lists the powers the government has and the powers it does not have First 10 amendments (bill of rights) are examples of these limits Protects the country from the abuse of power