Ch17sec3

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Ch17sec3

  1. 1. The Impact of the Enlightenment Chapter 17, Section 3
  2. 2. ArchitectureNew architectural style createdBalthasar Neumann- great architect of the 18th century Church of the Fourteen Saints The ResidenceFancy decorationLightBright colorsDetail
  3. 3. ArtNew artistic style- Rococo Emphasized grace, charm, and gentle action Pleasure, happiness, love Upper classAntoine WatteauGiovanni Battista Tiepolo
  4. 4. Music18th Century = greatest period in the history of Europeanmusic!!!Baroque musical style Bach- Mass in B Minor Handel- MessiahClassical musical style Haydn- The Creation and The Seasons Mozart- The Marriage of Figaro, The Magic Flute, Don Giovanni
  5. 5. Literature Growth of novels- middle class Henry Fielding Wrote novels about people with no morals who survive by their wits The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling
  6. 6. Enlightened AbsolutismPhilosophes believed that people should be governed byenlightened rulers Religious toleration Freedom of speech and press Rights of private property Nurture arts, sciences, and education Enforce laws fairlyEnlightened Absolutism- rulers try to govern byEnlightenment principles while maintaining their royalpowers
  7. 7. Prussia- Fredrick the GreatOne of the best educated and culturedmonarchsWell versed in the ideas of theEnlightenmentInvited Voltaire to live in his courtSeemed willing to make reforms Abolished use of torture (except for treason and murder) Limited freedom of speech and press Greater religious tolerationBut he kept Prussia’s rigid socialstructure
  8. 8. Austria- Joseph II Major reforms! Abolished serfdom Eliminated death penalty Equality before the law Religious toleration Thousands of decrees and laws But he failed Alienated the nobles and Catholic Church Serfs couldn’t make sense of the drastic changes Gravestone: “Here lies Joseph II who was unfortunate in everything he undertook.” 
  9. 9. Russia- Catherine the GreatIntelligent, familiar with theworks of the philosophesInvited Diderot to RussiaLiked his theories but thoughtthey were impracticalIn the end she did nothingbecause she wanted to keepthe support of the nobility
  10. 10. War of the Austrian SuccessionPrussia invaded Austrian SilesiaFrance and Prussia vs. Austria and Great BritainAfter seven years of fighting, everyone was tiredTreaty of Aix-la-Chapelle Return of all occupied territories Except Prussia refused to return Silesia to Austria This led to another war…
  11. 11. The Seven Years WarAustria, France, and Russia vs. Prussia and Great BritainFought in three areas Europe- Prussia ended up controlling Silesia India- controlled by Great Britain North America- controlled by Great BritainGreat Britain = world’s greatest colonial power

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