2 e4 compre notes slides


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Use these notes to complete your comprehension

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2 e4 compre notes slides

  1. 1. Painstaking effort to pass paper 2 Can our graduating students ace Paper 2? Most Upper Sec students go through the turmoil of having to sit through paper 2 every year. But do they know how to handle the challenges posed by the paper. Mrs Ravi, English Teacher says, “There are strategies they can adopt.” One of the strategies to adopt is to understand the question type and its requirement. “ Yes, knowing the type of question and the key words and clue words helps,” said Jun Wei
  2. 2. Revision : Types of Comprehension Questions <ul><li>Factual Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Inferential Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Language Use Questions (UOW) </li></ul><ul><li>Quote Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary Questions ( last Qn) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Factual Questions <ul><li>Look for CLUE WORDS in the question </li></ul>Clue Words: Helping Words that help you to find the answer in the passage
  4. 4. Factual Questions <ul><li>Nov 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Recent research suggests that losing sleep night after night can increase the risks of obesity, heart disease and depression. It also impairs manual dexterity and the ability of the brain to work creatively.. </li></ul>Answers can be found in the passage Qn 2 : How do the “ long hours” worked by ‘workaholics’ affect them in the short term. Ans: They suffer from a lack of sleep.
  5. 5. <ul><li>On average, humans sleep for approximately seven hours a night, and this sleep comprises different levels. When we first close our eyes we are gradually transported into the deepest slumber of the night, during which breathing becomes slower and soon, our heart rate and body temperature decrease. </li></ul>Qn. What ‘physiological’ change occurs when we first fall asleep? (1) Heart rate and body temperature decrease – take place later
  6. 6. Factual Questions – ED (Excess Denies) <ul><li>Including superfluous information in your answers. </li></ul>Nov 2006 The long hours spent enmeshed in a shroud of rope and chains had weakened the whale and it made no reaction as the divers lined up for the final cut. Qn: Why did the whale not swim away as soon as it was freed? (1) Ans:1 : The long hours spent enmeshed in a shroud of rope and chains had weakened the animal. (Correct) 2: The long hours spent enmeshed in a shroud of rope and chains had weakened the animal….it made no reaction as …..(Wrong)
  7. 7. Quote Questions <ul><li>Incorrect spelling would lose mark </li></ul><ul><li>Focus if the question wants “a word”, “phrase” or “2 consecutive words”. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Nov 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Ans: “interlinked” </li></ul><ul><li>Wrong Ans: “interlinked areas” / “interlink” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Inference Questions <ul><li>Question stems that suggest that it is an inferential question: </li></ul><ul><li>- “what do you think…” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Suggest a reason why…” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Explain fully…” </li></ul>Answers cannot be copied from the passage. You need to make a reasonable guess
  9. 9. Nov 2009 Explain fully why May Lin would be afraid to enter the bush in the evening. (2) <ul><li>In the evening she wouldn’t dare to strike out into the bush like this, as hippos came ashore to graze, and leopards slipped down from their trees to hunt. </li></ul>Ans: In the evening, hippos came ashore to graze and leopards slipped down from their trees to hunt (1m) and they might attack her/ they are dangerous (1m) Inference
  10. 10. Language Use Questions Type 1 : Use Your Own Words – replace key words Type 2 : paraphrase figurative use of the language. <ul><li>Prelim 2 : </li></ul><ul><li>Qn . In your own words, explain why the wooden ark was filled with specimens of “every kind” of animal? </li></ul><ul><li>Type 1 : 4 Steps </li></ul><ul><li>Locate answer in passage </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Key words to paraphrase </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase </li></ul><ul><li>Write final answer </li></ul>Locate answer in passage: Identify Key Words to paraphrase ..they were wiped out .. the animals emerged to repopulate…. Paraphrase Write final answer: Wiped out = kill/ destroy Repopulate = start new families Ans: The deluge would destroy all species and the saved animals would serve to start new families.
  11. 11. UOW Qns: - Type 2 <ul><li>Nov 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Qn. Explain fully what you understand by the expression “from pole to pole”. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not enough to say from North pole to South pole. </li></ul><ul><li>Ans: Everywhere, all over the world. </li></ul>
  12. 12. UOW – Type 2 <ul><li>Nov 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Qn. Give 2 reasons why the rescuers felt like ‘car mechanics doing repairs to a lorry while it was motoring down the road.’ </li></ul>The weight of its shackles kept the head of the whale largely under water, so the men had to dive, cut then surface for air. Since the whale was moving forward, they then had to swim back to its head to start again… Identify the 2 things that are compared Mechanics = divers Lorry = whale Motorway = whale moving forward Ans: Like mechanics attempting to repair a fault, the divers were attempting save the large whale which was moving forward .
  13. 13. Vocabulary Qn <ul><li>Do not repeat the root word </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Wary – aware / beware is wrong </li></ul><ul><li>Wary – cautious </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. The cloud were racing … </li></ul><ul><li>Racing – fast X </li></ul><ul><li>- moving fast X </li></ul><ul><li>- moving very fast/ swiftly </li></ul>