Technology and the Research ProcessIntroductionThe research processTalk About ItYour TurnTech Tools in this presentation• Bloglines• Keyword Search• Google Notebook• Wikis
IntroductionA hot-air balloon without atrained pilot will drift aimlessly,but a trained pilot can guide itin a planned direction.Likewise, you can plan andguide any research project ifyou understand the researchprocess.
IntroductionIn a research project, you investigate and presentinformation on a topic. The steps of the research processwill help you find and use that information effectively.In this presentation, you will• survey the steps of the research process• learn about some technology tools that can help you create and publish a research project
The research processWhen you begin a research project, you might have abroad subject in mind. Focus your subject down to anarrow topic to make it a suitable size for your work. Nobel Prize Nobel Prize winners Marie Curie
Tech Tool: BloglinesThe free online service Bloglines enables you tosubscribe to Web feeds that are constantly updated. Theresult is that, in a single place, you can collectinteresting content from many Web pages and blogs.You also cansearch contentfeeds forresearch topics.The search canhelp you narrowa broad topic.
Tech Tool: BloglinesTo narrow a broad subject into a research topic, type thebroad subject—for instance, Nobel Prize—into theBloglines Search for Feeds box and get a list of Webfeeds about the Nobel Prize.From there, you can narrow your topic—for example,first to Nobel Prize winners and then to Marie Curie.
The research processAs you begin the research process, think about thepurpose, audience, and tone for your project.The purpose of most research projects is to give clear,complete information on the research topic.Your audience is made up of the people who willreceive that information.The tone you use for your project probably will berelatively formal, as is appropriate for serious research.
The research processUnderstanding your purpose and audience are importantas you design the research questions that will guideyour work.Topic: Marie CurieResearch questionsWhat discoveries by other scientists led toMarie Curie’s experiments?How did Marie Curie’s experiments lead to herdiscovery of radium and polonium?How did the scientific community receive MarieCurie’s work?
The research processChoose good sources of information to answer yourresearch questions. Good sources have the Four Rs.They are relevant, including information that relatesdirectly to your research questions.They are reliable, using only accurate and objectiveinformation.They are recent, meaning that sources should be asup to date as possible.They are representative, addressing more than oneside of the issue.
The research processThere are many types of information sources, includingbooks, print and online newspapers and magazines, Webpages, online museums, wikis, and online databases.
Tech Tool: Keyword SearchYou can locate sources of information for your researchtopic by typing a keyword into search engines, onlinedatabases, RSS feeds, online museums, and other tools.
The research processIt is important to keep track of your sources. Create alist of the sources you find and assign a number to eachone.1 Krull, Kathleen. Marie Curie. Giants of Science Series 4. New York: Viking, 2007.2 Ham, Denise. “Marie Sklodowska Curie: The Woman Who Opened the Nuclear Age.” 21st Century Science and Technology Magazine 15.4 (2002-2003): 30-68.3 Madame Curie. Dir. Mervyn LeRoy. MGM, 1944.
The research processOnce you find good sources, you will take notes on theinformation you find in them, recording the informationin three ways.When you make a direct quotation, you use the exactwords in the source and enclose them in quotationmarks.When you paraphrase, you restate the information inthe source in your own words.When you summarize, you condense the main idea ofthe source into a much shorter version, using your ownwords.
The research processWhen you take notes from a source, make sure that youwrite the source’s number next to all the informationfrom that source.2 Marie Curie discovered the radioactivesubstances radium and polonium. She coined theterm radioactivity.6 Marie Curie and her husband, Pierre Curie, wereawarded half of the Nobel Prize for Physics in1903. They shared the prize with Henri Becquerel.
Tech Tool: Google NotebookGoogle Notebook allows you to take notes online andaccess them from any computer. You also can createmultiple notebooks and move notes from one notebookto another.
The research processAfter taking notes, you will create a thesis statement asthe working main idea of your project—the one bigidea you want your audience to understand. Youcan revise your thesis later as your project develops.Marie Curie overcamemany obstacles toconduct research thatled to her discovery ofthe elements radium andpolonium.
The research processNext, organize the information from your notes soyou can plan your finished product. You might decide touse a mind map to help you organize your notes. Obstacles Poor laboratory Marie Curie facilities faced Exclusion from Initial skepticism University of by other scientists Warsaw because of her discoveries of gender of radium and discrimination polonium
The research processAnother way to organize the information from your notesis in a formal outline.Thesis: Marie Curie overcame many obstacles to conduct research that led to her discovery of the elements radium and polonium.I. Obstacles A. Exclusion from University of Warsaw because of gender discrimination B. Poor laboratory facilities C. Initial skepticism by other scientists of her discoveries of radium and polonium
The research processNow you are ready to write a draft of your researchproject. You will use your notes and outline or mind mapas you write the draft.In your draft, you should• present a clear thesis statement that answers your research questions• include well-chosen support for your thesis, using information from reliable sources• effectively use summary, paraphrasing, and direct quotations to present your ideas and support
The research processAfter you write a draft, read it at least twice.The first time you read it, focus oncontent and organization.The second time you read it, focuson style.Evaluate your draft and revise itaccordingly. You also might seekfeedback from teachers, classmates,or others.
The research processYou can publish your research project in severalformats. The format you choose should be appropriatefor your purpose and your audience.Possible formats include• a written report• a multimedia presentation• a podcast• a Web page• a wiki
Tech Tool: WikisA class wiki is one way the members of an entire classcollaborating on a research project can post their workto the Internet. A wiki allows readers to collaborate byadding to and revising the text.
Tech Tip Wikis When you publish a document on a wiki, youcan track changes to the text and revert to anearlier version of the document if unacceptablechanges are made to your work.
The research processOnce you have published your research project, you canreceive feedback on it from teachers and from peers.Then, reflect on the work you have done. Use thefeedback and your own reflections to help you shapefuture research projects.
ConclusionJust as a trained pilot steers a hot-air balloon, you cansteer your research to a successful completed project. The steps of the research process help you find information about a topic and shape that information into a research project. Tech tools such as wikis and Google Notebook can help you in the process.
Talk About ItDiscuss these questions with your classmates.1. Why is it necessary to follow a structured process when conducting and publishing research?2. What technology tools do you usually use for research? How do you use those tools?3. Have you ever used any of the tools presented in this lesson (keyword search, Bloglines, Google Notebook, wikis)? Why or why not?4. Are you likely to try any of these tools in the future? Why or why not?
Your Turn1. Do an online keyword search on a subject of your choice. Use the search results to help narrow your subject to a suitable research topic.2. Once you have a suitable research topic, identify an audience that would be interested in this topic. Then, choose a method for presenting your research to that audience—as a paper, a podcast, a wiki, and so on. Explain your choice.
Your Turn: Possible Responses1. I picked “first aid” as a subject. I typed it into a search engine and browsed through the results. The results helped me narrow the topic to how CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) was developed.2. People taking a first aid class would be a good audience for my research project. They probably would be curious about how CPR was developed. I think a slide presentation with images and perhaps video would be a good way to present my research to this audience.