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Demonstration Presentation

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  • 1. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE SOCIAL DOCTRINE OF THE CHURCH
  • 2. 1. Rerum Novarum (RN)
    The Condition of Labor
    • May 15, 1891
    • 3. Encyclical Letter (EL)
    • 4. Leo XIII
    HISTORICAL CONTEXT
    Industrial Revolution - Unjust relationship between labor and capital
    Dominance of rigid Capitalism & Emergence of Socialism
    (89-90)
  • 5. Quadragesimo Anno (QA)
    The Reconstruction of the Social Order
    HISTORICAL CONTEXT
    Expansion of influence of financial groups nationally and internationally
    Class struggle becomes more bitter
    (91-92)
  • 8. 3. Non Abbiamo Bisogno (June 29, 1937) 4. Mit Brennender Sorge (March 14, 1937) 5. Divini Redemptoris (1937)
    Pope Pius XI
    HISTORICAL CONTEXT
    Post WWI period, totalitarian regime being imposed in Europe, USSR, Italy & Germany
    Spread of Fascism, Anti-Semitism and Communist Atheism
  • 9. 6. 50th Anniversary of RN
    HISTORICAL CONTEXT
    World War II
    Deep need for Justice and Peace
    (93)
  • 12. John XXIII
    7. Mater et Magistra (MM)
    Christianity and Social Progress
    • May 15, 1961
    HISTORICAL CONTEXT
    Recovery after the devastation of war
    Beginning of decolonization
    Social question becomes clearly international
    Problem of agriculture of developing nations
    (94)
  • 13. HISTORICAL CONTEXT
    Cold War – USSR & USA
    Era of nuclear proliferation
    Need for peace – Cuba incident
    8. Pacem in Terris (PT)
    Peace on Earth
    • April 11, 1963
    (95)
  • 14. HISTORICAL CONTEXT
    The Church was slow in responding to the expectations of the contemporary world which goes its own way
    Vatican II
    Awakening new consciousness of Church to be leaven and soul of society in order to renew it in Christ and transform the world into the family of God
  • 15. 9. Gaudium et Spes (GS)
    • December 7, 1965
    • 16. Pastoral Constitution from Vatican II
    • 17. Bishops of the World
    • 18. Promulgated By Pope Paul VI
    (96)
  • 19. 10. Dignitatis Humanae
    • December 7, 1965
    • 20. Declaration on Religious Freedom of Vatican II
    • 21. Bishops of the World
    • 22. Promulgated by Pope Paul VI
    (97)
  • 23. 11. Populorum Progressio (PP)
    The Development of Peoples
    Paul VI
    (98)
    HISTORICAL CONTEXT
    • First UN development decade
    • 25. Emergence of the “Third World” - decolonized countries characterized by lack of development
  • Pontifical Commission “Justitia et Pax” 1967
    Established by Pope Paul VI to fulfill Council Fathers’ wishes that an “organism of the Universal Church be set up in order that … the justice and love of Christ toward the poor might be developed everywhere.”
    “To stimulate the Catholic community to promote progress in needy regions, and international social justice.”
    World Day of Peace beginning January 1, 1968
    (99)
  • 26. 12. Octogesima Adveniens (OA)
    A Call to Action
    • May 14, 1971
    • 27. Apostolic Letter
    • 28. Pope Paul VI
    HISTORICAL CONTEXT
    Climate of turbulence and strong ideological controversy at the beginning of 1970
    (100)
  • 29. 13. Laborem Exercens (LE)
    On Human Work
    • September 14, 1981
    John Paul II
    HISTORICAL CONTEXT
    (101)
    90 years after Rerum Novarum
    Attempt to life of John Paul II on May 13, 1981
    John Paul II was a young worker priest in Poland
  • 30. 14. Sollicitudo Rei Socialis (SRS)
    The Social Concern of the Church
    • December 30, 1987
    John Paul II
    HISTORICAL CONTEXT
    20 years after Populorum Progressio
    Increasing poverty in the “Third World”
    A year after the EDSA Revolution (1986) - prototype of many “peaceful revolutions”
    (102)
  • 31. 12. Centessimus Annus (CA)
    Hundred Years After
    • May 1, 1991
    • 32. John Paul II
    HISTORICAL CONTEXT
    Collapse of the Soviet system in 1989
    Emergence of new countries in Eastern Europe
    Dominance of Democracy as political system
    And Capitalism as Economic system
    (103)
  • 33. Pope John Paul II
    Requested the Pontifical Council for Justice & Peace to give concise but complete overview of the Church’s social teaching
    Based on 100 years of official social teaching by Popes, Bishops and scholars in every part of the world
    Considering new phenomenon arising from international and planetary realities: globalization, issues of ecology, culture, mass communications, plurality of religions and Christian Churches
  • 34. COMPENDIUM OF THE SOCIAL DOCTRINE OF THE CHURCHPontifical Council for Justice and PeaceApril 2, 2004