Beethoven: Bridge to Romanticism
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Beethoven: Bridge to Romanticism

Beethoven: Bridge to Romanticism

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Beethoven: Bridge to Romanticism Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Ludwig Von Beethoven Beethoven: Bridge to Romanticism01/07/13 1
  • 2. Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770- 1827)Listen to This 5-2By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 3. Beethoven  Represents turning point from Classicism to Romanticism  Burst bonds of formalism and control of Classicism  Most controversial-Classicist or Romanticist?  Music very emotional, very dramatic & powerful  Bears personality of creator  Very much a “Romantic” qualityListen to This 5-3By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 4. Beethoven: A Musical Giant  Born in Bonn, Germany.  Lived during the social changes toward democracy in France and America.  Studied with Haydn who encouraged him.  Went to Vienna, which was a cultural center, to make his living as composer.  Father-singer in Kapelle of Archbishop-Elector of Cologne; abusive alcoholic, tried to make him into Mozart  Loner, never married, cared only for music, untidy  One serious love affair (Distant Beloved)  Perfectionist, very particular with musicListen to This 5-4By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 5. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 - 1827)  Beethoven was principal breadwinner by the time he was a teenager.  Began to go deaf in his late 20’s, which caused him intense grief.  Wrote Heiligenstadt Testament (basically a suicide note) to his brothers when he realized there was no cure for his deafness, but decided to live.  Widely recognized during his lifetime as the greatest composer of instrumental music. When he died in 1827, at age 56, declared a national hero.  Suffered chronic poor health, deafness, and a custody battle over a nephew during last 15 years of life.Listen to This 5-5By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 6. Beethoven’s Music-- Romanticism  He played larger pianos that created more sound.  He developed the Classical Forms and expanded them.  He added a chorus to the final movement of his 9th symphony, “Ode to Joy.”  His works were longer; he labored over them, revising them over and over.  The end of his life (1827) marks the beginning of the Romantic Period in Music.Listen to This 5-6By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 7. Beethoven’s Music-- >Romanticism  He increased the number of instruments in the orchestra.  He expanded the dynamic range of the orchestra to ppp and fff.  The development sections of his compositions were long, elaborate, and complex.  In some compositions, he left no pauses between some of the movements.Listen to This 5-7By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 8. The Sketchbook Kept chronicle for posterity of the evolution of thematic material which shows the inner struggle to realize the final form “…like bloody record of a tremendous inner battle.”Listen to This 5-8By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 9. Beethoven  Dies of jaundice & cholera during thunderstorm  Biggest revolutionist next to Bach during lifetime  Considered biggest music revolutionary of all-timeListen to This 5-9By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 10. Ludwig van Beethoven Other Compositions  Piano Sonatas  String quartets  C# minor-- “Moonlight”  9 symphonies  C minor-”Pathetique”  No. 3 in E-flat major  D minor-- “Tempest” --”Eroica”  F minor--  No. 6 in F major-- “Appassionata” “Pastoral”  Piano Concerto #5  No. 9 in D minor-- in E-flat major-- includes chorus “Emperor” singing “Ode to Joy”  Missa Solemnis-Mass in C  Fidelio--an operaListen to This 5-10By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 11. Beethoven Nine symphonies  I. C Major  II. D Major  III. E-Major(Eroica)  IV. B Major  V. C minor  VI. F Major(Pastorale)  VII. A Major  VIII. F Major(Humorous)  IX. F Minor(Choral)Listen to This 5-11By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 12. Symphony No. 3- “Eroica” First dedicated to Napoleon, then changed after Bonaparte declared himself Emperor “Sinfonia Eroica… composed to celebrate the memory of a great man” Unprecedented length Called “wild fantasy” at first performanceListen to This 5-12By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 13. Symphony No. 6- “Pastoral”  Symphony #6 in F “Pastorale”  5 movements, each bearing descriptive title  Program content- “an expression of feeling rather than a graphic depiction”Listen to This 5-13By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 14. Symphony No. 9- “Choral”  Movement 4-sets Schiller’s “Ode to Joy” for chorus & quartet  Considered poem as early as 1792  Text-ideals of brotherhood of man through love, love of God  Does various different musical techniques with “Joy” themeListen to This 5-14By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 15. Fidelio  Fidelio-only opera  Compared its writing to the bearing of a child  1805-revised several times to 1814  Difficulty setting text  “Rescue” opera based on events of French Revolution  Leonore-main heroine  Last act celebration of heroism & humanitarianismListen to This 5-15By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 16. Fidelio & Vocal Music  Fidelio-Overture went through several stages  Three named “Leonora”  “Fidelio” overture is fourth version; most preferred by Beethoven  Not at ease with vocal music  Song cycle-An die ferne Geliebte(To a Distant Beloved  Song settings of poet Goethe  Oratorio-Christ on the Mount of Olives  Missa Solemnis-monumental work, includes soloists, choral group, “Ode To Joy”  Written for enthronement of student Archduke Rudolph as Archbishop of Olmutz, finished too late for the occasionListen to This 5-16By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 17. Symphony No. 5 in C Minor  Most tightly knit motivically of all compositions  Opening four note motive appears in every movement  Origins-Fate knocking at door, letter V in Morse Code(not invented yet)  Along with recurrence of a portion of “Scherzo” in Finale-makes work “cyclic”  Not break between movements III & IVListen to This 5-17By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 18. Painting of Beethoven by Friend, J. W. MählerListen to This 5-18By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
  • 19. Appreciating Beethoven’s Music  Contrast-filled with dynamic contrasts, rough/smooth, loud/soft, etc.; soft passage interrupted by sforzando chord; rage section ceases abruptly, gentle melody takes over  Motive development-showcase of developing short simple musical ideas  Sense of drive- “inevitability,” music seems to be heading toward final destination; has “this too shall pass” moments; continuation of musical journey  Personality-sounded like no one else at the time, unique, fiery spirit, sense of musical logicListen to This 5-19By Mark Evan Bonds PRENTICE HALL ©2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458