Introduction & Concerts


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Introduction & Concerts

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Introduction & Concerts

  1. 1. Introduction to Fine Arts:Music Music Belongs to Everyone
  2. 2. Focus of the Course• To increase your knowledge about music• To help you use this knowledge when attending musical events• To equip you to answer questions and offer opinions about music• To encourage your active participation in the arts• To help you become an intelligent consumer with a voice in the availability of music in your community
  3. 3. MusicRhythm and harmony find their way into the inward places of the soul… Plato Without music, life is a journey through a desert. Pat Conroy Without Elvis, none of us could have made it. Buddy Holly Country music is three chords and the truth. Harlan Howard The history of a people is found in its songs. George Jellinek
  4. 4. Music Listening & You2 fundamental facts about Music & Real Life Music is important to the quality of human lifePeople have created different types of music for different purposes
  5. 5. The Musical Process CREATION Musical ideas Forms (framework) Musical notation INTERPRETATION medium RESPONSE Listener-audience
  6. 6. The Musical Process: Composer’s Ideas• Influenced by time period in which composer lives• Carried out through manipulation of music materials--rhythm, melody, texture, harmony• Placed into a structured framework--musical form• Written down using standard or non-standard notation
  7. 7. The Musical Process: ThePerformer’s Interpretation • Influenced by Performer’s – Knowledge of musical style – Technical facility on instrument – Personal ideas, likes, and preferences
  8. 8. The Musical Process: The Listener’s Response• Influenced by – Knowledge of musical styles – Personal, preferences – Previous experiences with music, including musical training
  9. 9. Art Music: Composed forPerformance in concert halls & opera houses Learning to Listen:Hearing and Listening are not the same!! The Musically Aware Listener • Focuses on the music itself • Understands and experiences the composer’s creative choices
  10. 10. Listening for Aspects of Musical Works• Nature of • Changes in melodies & dynamics levels themes • Dominant timbres• Texture • Use of forms and• Nature of rhythm other musical & its patterns practices
  11. 11. Develop different modes of listening• Physical effects it produces• Emotional effects• Music for music’s sake (absolute music)• Develop different expectations about different types of music• Improve your musical memory• Become more sensitive to musical sounds
  12. 12. Different Types of Concerts• Symphony • Vocal Ensembles-- Orchestra Secular• Chamber Music – Large choirs Ensemble – Small groups• Chamber Orchestra • Vocal Ensembles--• Recital Sacred• Broadway Musical • Opera
  13. 13. Symphony Orchestra • Many instruments • Multiple players for most instruments • Generally highly skilled, artistic musicians • Broad choices of music
  14. 14. Chamber Music Ensemble• Fewer instruments, generally 2-20; usually not > 8• Each player has own part• No conductor• Originally performed in people’s homes (called “salons”)
  15. 15. Chamber Orchestra• Fewer players than a symphony orchestra• Often heard in smaller concert halls• Music more intimate and clear than with larger orchestra• Conductor leading group
  16. 16. Recital• One or two soloists, plus an accompanist is typical• Singers, pianists, violinists most common• Famous Instrumentalists also perform recitals (e.g., flute, cello)
  17. 17. Vocal Ensembles--Secular• Large Secular Groups – Chorales – Choral Societies – Women’s and Men’s Choruses, Glee Clubs – Collegiate Choirs• Usually accompanied by piano, but sometimes by small orchestras
  18. 18. Vocal Ensembles--Secular• Small Choirs – Madrigal Choirs – Chamber Singers (1 or 2 singers per part) – Jazz Choirs – A Cappella Choirs (no accompanist)• Accompaniments Can Vary
  19. 19. Religious Choirs• Large or small number of singers• Often perform in churches• Often accompanied by organ• Worship or concert format
  20. 20. Opera• Singing: Soloists, Small Ensembles, Chorus• Dramatic Action• Elaborate Costumes and Sets• Sung Poetry (Libretto)• Orchestra• Choreography--very specific steps
  21. 21. Broadway Musical Theater• Singing--Soloists, Small Ensembles, Larger Chorus• Spoken Lines• Orchestra• Staging and Sets• Elaborate Costumes• Elaborate Choreography
  22. 22. Ballet• Blending of Arts: Sets, Dance, Costumes, Music• Highly Trained Dancers• Orchestral Accompaniment• Based on a Story• Choreography: Specific movements, Steps, and Combinations
  23. 23. Preparing for A Concert• Learn About the • Learn About Music Musical Styles – Find out what will be • Learn About played Composers’ Lives – Listen to it ahead of • Learn About the time--Library, Artist(s), Internet, Classical Radio Orchestra, or Choir Performing
  24. 24. What do I Need to Know?• Arrive early• Program(pg. 11)• Keys/Tonality• Dates• Catalogue System(pg. 12)• Tempo/Expression Terms(pg. 13-14)
  25. 25. Concert Etiquette • Warm up/Lecture • Concertmaster • Tuning • Entrances/Exits • When to Applaud
  26. 26. The Conductor• Music scholar• Baton• Communication• Downbeat• Conducting patterns• Left hand expressions• Cueing
  27. 27. Some Important Information for Opera Goers• Supertitles--Text is flashed across a screen over the stage• Libretto--the actual text of the opera• source for information about most operas; site operated by NY Metropolitan Opera
  28. 28. Preparing for the Ballet and Opera• Ballet • Opera – Learn About the – Read the libretto Music – If the libretto is – Read About the based on another Composer and the source, study the Librettist original story – Read the Story – Learn About the – Learn About the Composer Dancers and the – Read about the Company Soloists
  29. 29. An Introduction to Musical Styles
  30. 30. Musical Styles & Periods • Music-adjectival form of “Muse” – Association with astronomy, mathematics – “Music of the Spheres”
  31. 31. The Nine Muses• Daughters of Zeus – Calliope Epic Poetry – Clio History – Uterpe Lyric Poetry – Thalia Comedy, Pastoral Poetry – Melopomene Tragedy – Terpsichore Dancing – Erato Love Poetry – Polyhymnia Sacred Song – Urania Astronomy
  32. 32. Style Periods of Concert Music Medieval Period (450-1450) Renaissance (1450-1600) Baroque (1600-1750) Classical (1750-1820) Romantic (1820-1900) 20th Century (1900-2000)
  33. 33. Musical Styles & Periods• Style of music not confined to particular place or time• Named for historical period it is most associated with• Dates are approximate• Technical factors, i.e.-system of notation, unknown tuning of instruments, lack of recording-slowed music’s development more so than art or literature