7 verbs with irregular forms in the preterit

7,370
-1

Published on

Irregular verbs in the preterite tense in Spanish

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
7,370
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
11
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
42
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

7 verbs with irregular forms in the preterit

  1. 1. The Preterit of -ir Stem- changing Verbs(El pretérito de los verbos de -ir de cambio radical) ¿Qué plato pidió? Prefirió el arroz con pollo.
  2. 2. “Sandal” verbs Every stem-changing (shoe) verb in the present tense that is also an -ir verb is a “sandal” verb in the preterit. o  ue dormir  duermo dormimos duermes dormís Type ue duerme duermen 1 dormir  dormí dormimos ou dormiste dormisteis u durmió durmieronThe preterit stem changes occur only in the third persons.
  3. 3. Type 1: o  ue, o  u dormirJuan durmió seis horas anoche, y sus hermanosdurmieron ocho.Juan slept six hours last night, and his brothers slepteight. morirAlicia murió dos años después de que murieronsus padres.Alicia died two years after her parents died.
  4. 4. “Sandal” verbs Every stem-changing (shoe) verb in the present tense that is also an -ir verb is a “sandal” verb in the preterit. e  ie mentir  miento mentimos Type mientes mentís ie miente mienten 2 mentir  mentí mentimos ei mentiste mentisteis mintió mintieron iThe preterit stem changes occur only in the third persons.
  5. 5. Type 2: e  ie, e  i mentirEduardo mintió acerca del robo, pero suscómplices no mintieron.Eduardo lied about the theft, but his accomplices didn’tlie. sentirMarlena sintió alegría cuando ganó el premio, ysus padres sintieron mucho orgullo.Marlena felt joy when she won the award, and herparents felt great pride.
  6. 6. “Sandal” verbs Every stem-changing (shoe) verb in the present tense that is also an -ir verb is a “sandal” verb in the preterit. ei servir  sirvo servimos Type sirves servís i sirve sirven 3 servir  serví servimos ei serviste servisteis i sirvió sirvieronThe preterit stem changes occur only in the third persons.
  7. 7. Type 3: e  i, e  i servirAntonio sirvió las bebidas, y sus hermanassirvieron la comida.Antonio served the drinks, and his sisters served thefood. pedirTomás pidió un sándwich, y sus hijos pidieronuna hamburguesa.Tomás ordered a sandwich, and his children ordereda hamburger.
  8. 8. Verbs that change the “i” to “y” in the third- persons singular and plural Example: leer leí leímos leíste leísteis leió yó yeron leieron Notice that every form except third-person plural bears a written accent.
  9. 9. The “i” to “y” change applies only to -erand -ir verbs whose stem ends in a vowel leer leyó leyeron creer creyó creyeron oír oyó oyeron
  10. 10. FIN

×