19 tú commands

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Tú commands in Spanish

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19 tú commands

  1. 1. Tú Commands(Los mandatos de la forma tú) Dame la linterna, por favor.
  2. 2. Tú CommandsFor regular affirmative commands . . . Think like él. The regular affirmative tú command has the same form as the él form of the verb in the present indicative.
  3. 3. Tú CommandsFor regular affirmative commands . . . Él habla.  ¡Habla tú! He speaks. Speak! Él come.  ¡Come tú! He eats. Eat! Él escribe.  ¡Escribe tú! He writes. Write!
  4. 4. Tú Commands For regular negative commands . . . Revert to the subjunctive.The negative tú command has the same form asthe tú form of the verb in the present subjunctive.
  5. 5. Tú CommandsFor regular negative commands . . . Affirmative Negative ¡Habla! ¡No hables! Speak! Don’t speak! ¡Come! ¡No comas! Eat! Don’t eat! ¡Escribe! ¡No escribas! Write! Don’t write!
  6. 6. Tú CommandsIn Capítulo 11 you learned that formal commands used theforms of the subjunctive. The informal (tú) commands, bycontrast, use the subjunctive only in their negative forms.Notice the following chart. Infinitive Affirmative Negative (Subjunctive) comprar compra no compres (compres) comer come no comas (comas) escribir escribe no escribas (escribas) pensar piensa no pienses (pienses) dormir duerme no duermas (duermas) pedir pide no pidas (pidas) traer trae no traigas (traigas)
  7. 7. Tú CommandsRemember . . . Regular affirmative tú commands have the same form as the third-person singular of the present indicative.Recicla los platos de papel. Recycle the paper plates.Protege nuestros bosques. Protect our forests. Negative tú commands use the subjunctive.No cortes los árboles pequeños. Don’t cut down the small trees.No cierres la fábrica todavía. Don’t close the factory yet. Irregularities in the subjunctive will also appear in the negative tú commands.No conduzcas tan rápido. Don’t drive so fast.No te vayas. Don’t leave.
  8. 8. Verbs with irregular affirmative formsWhen listed in the following order, the initial letters of each verbprovide the acronym TVVDSHIPS, a useful memory device. Verb Affirmative command Negative command Tener ten no tengas Venir ven no vengas Valer val no valgas D ecir di no digas Salir sal no salgas H acer haz no hagas Ir ve no vayas Poner pon no pongas Ser sé no seas
  9. 9. Verbs with irregular affirmative formsSome sample sentences using irregular forms: Ten confianza. No tengas miedo. Ven a mi oficina. No vengas tarde. Val algo. No te valgas del dinero. Di la verdad. No digas tonterías. Sal inmediatamente. No salgas sin mí. Haz la inspección. No me hagas enojar. Ve a la reunión. No te vayas. Pon el libro en la mesa. No pongas esa cara. Sé amable con todos. No seas grosero.
  10. 10. Object pronouns with tú commandsAs with the formal commands, attach pronouns to the end ofaffirmative commands and place them in front of thenegative command. Remember to place an accent on thenext-to-last syllable of the verb in the affirmative commandform. Recíclala mañana. Recycle it tomorrow. No le pongas la multa a la estudiante. Don’t give the fine to the student.
  11. 11. Object pronouns with tú commandsThe irregular affirmative command forms (except for sé) donot take a written accent unless more than one pronoun isadded to the end of the verb. ¿La mesa? Sí, ponla por favor. The table? Yes, set it, please. Dime, ¿adónde vas? Tell me, where are you going? ¿Sabes su teléfono? Dímelo, por favor. Do you know his telephone number? Tell it to me, please.
  12. 12. FIN

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