16 the conditional tense

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The conditional tense in Spanish

The conditional tense in Spanish

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  • 1. The conditional tense (El condicional)
  • 2. In Spanish, the conditional of regular verbs isformed by adding the imperfect endings for -erand -ir verbs to the infinitive. The same endingsare used for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs. hablaría hablar íamos hablar ías hablaríais hablar ía hablarían Again, the infinitive is the basis for all forms of regular verbs.Notice that all forms carry a written accent over the i.
  • 3. The Spanish conditional tense is formed withonly one set of endings for the -ar, -er, and -irverbs. For regular verbs, the endings areattached to the infinitive, as follows: hablaría hablar íamos hablar ías hablaríais hablar ía hablarían hablar ía hablar ían Again, the infinitive is the basis for all forms of regular verbs.Notice that all forms carry a written accent over the i.
  • 4. The Conditional Tense Notice the following chart: tomar comer vivir yo tomaría comería viviría tú tomarías comerías vivirías él, ella, Ud. tomaría comería viviría nosotros/as tomaríamos comeríamos viviríamos vosotros/as tomaríais comeríais viviríaisellos/as, Uds. tomarían comerían vivirían
  • 5. The Conditional TenseThe conditional expresses what you would do undercertain circumstances. ¿Reciclarías envases de aluminio? Would you recycle aluminum cans? Consumiríamos menos agua. We would consume less water.
  • 6. The Conditional TenseThe conditional is also used when the speaker isreferring to an event that is future to another past event. In the future tense, we might say . . .Mañana en la clase, hablaré con el profesor, leeré un cuento chistoso, y escribiré unas frases.
  • 7. The Conditional TenseThe conditional is also used when the speaker isreferring to an event that is future to another past event. In the conditional tense, we would say . . .Ayer te dije que hoy, hablaría con el profesor, é con el profesor, leeré un cuento chistoso, y ía un cuento chistoso, y escribiré unas frases. ía
  • 8. The Conditional TenseThe conditional is also used when the speaker isreferring to an event that is future to another past event. More examples: Creíamos que habría más gente protestando enfrente de la planta nuclear. We thought there would be more people protesting in front of the nuclear plant. Nos dijo que no contaminarían el agua. He told us they wouldn’t pollute the water.
  • 9. A Time Line the conditional the present the preterit (future in relation Te dije ayer que(ayer) to the past) hablaría con Juan. the presentYo hablaré con Juan.  Toward the past Toward the future 
  • 10. The Conditional TenseThe verb deber, when used in the conditional tense, isequivalent to the English should + infinitive. Deberías conservar recursos. You should conserve resources. Deberíamos hablar con el jefe lo antes posible. We should speak with the boss as soon as possible.
  • 11. Irregular Verbs in the Conditional TenseThe conditional has the same irregular stems asthe future.1. Drop two letters to form the stem of the future.decir decir - diría diríamos dirías diríais diría diríanhacer ha cer - haría haríamos harías haríais haría harían
  • 12. Irregular Verbs in the Conditional TenseThe conditional has the same irregular stems asthe future.2. The e of the infinitive ending is dropped to form the stem of the future.haber haber - habría, habrías, . . .poder poder- podría, podrías, . . .querer querer- querría, querrías, . . .saber saber - sabría, sabrías, . . .
  • 13. Irregular Verbs in the Conditional TenseThe conditional has the same irregular stems asthe future.3. The e or the i of the infinitive ending is replaced by d to form the stem of the future.poner pond - er pondría, pondrías, . .salir salir - d saldría,tener tender- saldrías,tendrías, . . tendría, . . .venir vend - ir . vendría, vendrías, . .
  • 14. A Special Use of the Conditional TenseProbability or conjecture with regard to the past isoften expressed in Spanish with the conditional.¿A que hora sería la conferencia de prensa? I wonder at what time the press conference was. Sería a las cuatro. It was probably at four.
  • 15. FIN