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# 14 ordinal numbers

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Ordinal numbers in Spnaih

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### 14 ordinal numbers

1. 1. The ordinal numbers (Los números ordinales) La primera Éste es mi vez, ¿eh? Teprimer viaje a va a gustarMachu Picchu. mucho.
2. 2. The ordinal numbers Ordinal numbers vs. cardinal numbersOrdinal numbers are those that refer to the order ofthings, that is, first, second, third, and so on. It mayhelp to remember that ordinal refers to order.Cardinal numbers, by contrast, are those that areused for counting: one, two, three, and so on. Itmay be useful to think cardinal means counting.In Spanish, ordinal numbers beyond tenth are rarelyused in everyday speech or writing.The ordinal numbers first through tenth are shownon the following slide.
3. 3. The ordinal numbersprimero/a first sexto/a sixthsegundo/a second séptimo/a seventhtercero/a third octavo/a eighthcuarto/a fourth noveno/a ninthquinto/a fifth décimo/a tenth Plural forms exist as well (primeros, primeras, quintos, quintas, etc.), but are less frequently used.
4. 4. To simplify our understanding of ordinal numbers, let’sstart with a series of ten zeroes and number them from leftto right. Ordinal numbers agree in gender and number.Cero is, of course, a masculine noun. el el el el el primer tercer quinto séptimo noveno cero cero cero cero cero 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 el el el el el segundo cuarto sexto octavo décimo cero cero cero cero ceroNote that primero and tercero shorten to primer and tercer,respectively, before a masculine singular noun.
5. 5. When the noun, in this case cero, is omitted, the ordinalnumbers become pronouns. Notice that primer and tercernow revert to their full forms, primero and tercero. el el el el el primer o tercero quinto séptimo noveno cero cero cero cero cero 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 el el el el el segundo cuarto sexto octavo décimo cero cero cero cero cero In English, we would say “the first, the second,” etc., instead of “the first zero, the second zero,” etc.
6. 6. For the feminine forms of the ordinal numbers, we’lluse a series of ten of the letter equis, a feminine noun. la la la la la primera tercera quinta séptima novena equis equis equis equis equis X X X X X X X X X X la la la la la segunda cuarta sexta octava décima equis equis equis equis equisNote that none of the feminine forms has a shortened form.
7. 7. Thus, all ten of the pronominal forms are the same asthe adjectival forms. la la la la la primera tercera quinta séptima novena equis equis equis equis equis X X X X X X X X X X la la la la la segunda cuarta sexta octava décima equis equis equis equis equisNote that none of the feminine forms has a shortened form.
8. 8. Numbers after décimo/décima la la décima equis doce (la duodécima equis equis) ... etcétera. . . X X X . . . etcétera From eleventh on, we la revert to the use of the equis once cardinal numbers, (la undécima although ordinal numbers equis) beyond tenth exist.
9. 9. Numbers after décimo/décima Notice the following exampleIn everyday speech or writing:La pareja celebró su aniversario veinticinco. The couple celebrated its twenty-fifth anniversary. In these cases, the cardinal number follows the noun . . . . . . whereas the ordinal number precedes the noun.In technical, literary, or documentary terms:La pareja celebró su vigésimo quinto aniversario.
10. 10. Examples of ordinal number usage Clarita compró el segundo vestido. Clarita bought the second dress. Éstas son las primeras rebajas del año. These are the first sales of the year. La tienda está en el tercer piso. The store is on the third floor. Es el primer mostrador a la izquierda. It’s the first counter to the left.
11. 11. Ordinal numbers are also used with the names offamous people, such as kings or other leaders.Notice that the ordinal numbers are capitalized inthese cases. Carlos V Carlos Quinto Enrique VIII Enrique Octavo BUT: Alfonso XIII Alfonso TreceRemember, above tenth we revert to cardinalnumbers.
12. 12. FIN
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