Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
10 indefinite and negative expressions
10 indefinite and negative expressions
10 indefinite and negative expressions
10 indefinite and negative expressions
10 indefinite and negative expressions
10 indefinite and negative expressions
10 indefinite and negative expressions
10 indefinite and negative expressions
10 indefinite and negative expressions
10 indefinite and negative expressions
10 indefinite and negative expressions
10 indefinite and negative expressions
10 indefinite and negative expressions
10 indefinite and negative expressions
10 indefinite and negative expressions
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

10 indefinite and negative expressions

1,282

Published on

Indefinite and negative expressions in Spanish

Indefinite and negative expressions in Spanish

Published in: Education, Lifestyle, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,282
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
26
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Indefinite and negative expressions (Expresiones indefinidas y negativas) No hay nadie Sí, y nunca vamos en la playa hoy. a ver el mar más tranquilo.
  • 2. algo → nada ¿Hay algo en la hielera? Is there something in the ice chest?No, no hay nada en la hielera. No, there is nothing in the ice chest.
  • 3. alguien → nadie ¿Hay alguien en la cocina? Is there someone in the kitchen?No, no hay nadie en la cocina. No, there is no one in the kitchen.
  • 4. alguien → nadieThe indefinite pronouns alguien and nadie referonly to persons; thus, when used as direct objectsof a verb, they require the personal a. ¿Llamaste a alguien en el banco para confirmar el saldo de tu cuenta? Did you call someone at the bank to confirm the balance of your account? No, no llamé a nadie. No, I didn’t call anyone.
  • 5. algún, alguno → ningún, ninguno ¿Hay algún plato en la mesa? Is there a (some) dish on the table?Alguno and ningunoare shortened toalgún and ningún Adjectival form: usedbefore a masculine before asingular noun. noun No, no hay ningún plato en la mesa. No, there is no dish on the table. Pronominal No, no hay ninguno. form: stands alone No, there is none. Note that algún and ningún bear a written accent.
  • 6. algunos → ningún, ninguno ¿Hay algunos platos en la mesa? Are there some dishes on the table?Normally, the pluralsningunos and ningunasare not used, even whenalgunos or algunas isused in the question.* No, no hay ningún plato en la mesa. No, there are no dishes on the table. No, no hay ninguno. No, there is none. *Except with a noun that is always used in the plural.No me voy a tomar ningunas vacaciones este verano.
  • 7. algunas → ninguna ¿Hay algunas muchachas en el equipo de fútbol? Are there some girls on the soccer team? Notice that the adjectival and pronominal forms for ninguna are the same.No, no hay ninguna muchacha en elequipo. No, there are no girls on the team. No, no hay ninguna. No, there is none.
  • 8. o . . . o → ni . . . ni¿Vas a comprar o zapatos o sandalias? Are you going to buy either shoes or sandals?No, no voy a comprar ni zapatos nisandalias. No, I’m going to buy neither shoes nor sandals. (No, I’m not going to buy either shoes or sandals.)Note: The first o and the first ni are optional. ¿Vas a comprar o zapatos o sandalias?No, no voy a comprar ni zapatos ni sandalias.
  • 9. siempre → nunca, jamás Siempre bebes refrescos, ¿no? No, nunca bebo refrescos . . . jamás. Pedí limonada.You always drink softdrinks, right? No, I never drink soft drinks . . . ever. I asked for lemonade.
  • 10. también → tampoco Yes, I don’t like to eat alone. Sí, no me Me too! gusta comer sola. A mí tampoco. ¡A mí también! Me neither. ¡Me gusta comer con toda la familia! I like to eat with thewhole family!
  • 11. SummaryAffirmative Negativealgo nadaalguien nadiesiempre nunca, jamástambién tampoco }ningún(o) / ningunaalgún(o) / algunaalgunos / algunaso...o ni . . . ni
  • 12. The use of multiple negative wordsUnlike English, in Spanish once a sentence is negative,all other indefinite words are negative. Spanish isvirtually unlimited in the number of negative words thatcan be used in one sentence.Yo siempre corro solo; así puedo meditar. I always jog alone; that way, I can meditate.Comprendo perfectamente. Yo nunca corrocon nadie tampoco. I understand perfectly. I never jog with anyone either.
  • 13. Preverbal placement of negative wordsAll of the negative words can be placed before the verb instead ofafter; however, this is normally done only with nadie, nunca, andtampoco. Notice that in these cases the negative word replaces theword no.No llegó nadie a tiempo. Nadie llegó a tiempo. No one arrived on time.No fumamos cigarrillos Nunca fumamosnunca. cigarrillos. We never smoke cigarettes.No me gustan las coles Tampoco me gustande Bruselas tampoco. las coles de Bruselas. I don’t like Brussels sprouts either.
  • 14. Preverbal placement of negative wordsAlthough it is possible to place the negative words nada andningún/ninguno/ninguna before the verb, it is not normallydone in everyday speech or writing. Such forms sound a bitarchaic and are reserved for special literary uses.No tengo nada en mi Nada tengo en mimaleta. maleta.I don’t have anything in Nothing have I in mymy suitcase. suitcase.No hay ninguna Ninguna alternativaalternativa. hay.There is no alternative. No alternative is there.
  • 15. FIN

×