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Use of the verb "gustar" and simliar constructions in Spanish

Use of the verb "gustar" and simliar constructions in Spanish

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1 gustar and similar verbs 1 gustar and similar verbs Presentation Transcript

  • Gustar and Similar Verbs (Gustar y verbos parecidos) ¿Te gusta mi coche? Sí, me gusta mucho.
  • Gustar = to be pleasingGustar is used to express preferences, likes, and dislikes;however, gustar means “to be pleasing,” and isconstructed very differently from the English “to like.” Gustar is a completely regular -ar verb in its conjugation. gusto gustamos gustas gustáis gusta gustan
  • Gustar = to be pleasing In Spanish, the thing or things that we like are expressed as being “pleasing to us.” e . . “i t” is th e say . where . In En glish, w I like it. ... dire ct obje ct In Spanish, “it” becomes the subject of the sentence and we say instead . . . It’s pleasing to me.“I” is then expressed as the indirect object phrase “to me.”
  • Let’s start by talking about something we all like. I like Spanish.Following the format on the previous slide, we would say . . . Spanish is pleasing to me.In Spanish, this would literally be . . . El español me gusta. gusta me. But, of course, in Spanish, pronouns must be placed before conjugated verbs. Now, it so happens that, by convention, the subject (in this case El español) is generally placed at the end of the sentence with this type of construction.
  • I like Spanish. Spanish is pleasing to me. El españolel español. Me gusta me gusta.It turns out, then, that the sentence in Spanish isexactly the reverse of that in English, in its sense, and also in its word order.
  • To express that others like Spanish, only theobject pronoun needs to change, since Spanishremains the subject in all the sentences. Nos gusta el español. Les Me Os Te Le YouWe like Spanish. They likes Spanish. You He all I
  • Since most of the things or people that pleaseus are expressed in third person, the twoforms of gustar that are used most commonlyare gusta and gustan gusto gustamos gustas gustáis gusta gustan Nos gusta el flan que hace la abuela. We like the flan that grandma makes. No le gustan los huevos. She doesn’t like eggs.
  • Of course, it is possible to use other forms. Gustas, for example is used frequently. Me gustas (tú). You please me. (I like you.)When gustar is used with one or more infinitives, only thethird person singular is used. Me gusta leer. Me gusta leer, jugar fútbol, y viajar.
  • The verb gustar is used exclusively with indirect object pronouns me nos te os le les
  • Gustar is used with indirect object pronouns Me gusta ese restaurante. I like that restaurant. ¿Te gusta el té helado? Do you like iced tea? Le gustan mucho las zanahorias. He likes carrots a lot. No nos gusta el yogur. We don’t like yogurt. Les gusta cenar en casa. They like to eat dinner at home.
  • Many other verbs function like gustar These, too, are used with indirect object pronouns. aburrir to bore; to tire encantar to delight; to be extremely pleasing faltar to be lacking or needed fascinar to be fascinating interesar to be interesting molestar to be a bother or to annoy parecer to seem quedar to be left; to remain
  • Many other verbs function like gustar Me aburre comer solo. Eating alone bores me. Les encanta comer fuera. They love to eat out. ¿Les faltan servilletas? Do you all need some napkins? Nos fascina la cocina francesa. French cuisine fascinates us.
  • Many other verbs function like gustar Nos interesan los pingüinos. We’re interested in penguins. Me molestan algunos clientes. Some customers annoy me. Nos parece caro este vino. This wine seems expensive to us. ¿Te queda suficiente dinero para pagar la cuenta? Do you have enough money left to pay the bill?
  • When we like something a lot (mucho) ormore (más) than something else, mucho andmás immediately follow the verb gustar: Me gusta mucho comer. I really like to eat. A different word order would convey a different meaning: Me gusta comer mucho. I like to eat a lot of food.
  • When we like something a lot (mucho) or more (más) than something else, mucho and más immediately follow the verb gustar:¿Te gustan más las naranjas o las toronjas? Do you like oranges or grapefruit best? Me gustan más las naranjas. I like oranges best.
  • Again, the verbs gustar, encantar, etc. areused exclusively with indirect object pronouns These are mandatory me (a mí) nos (a nosotros) te (a ti) os (a vosotros) le (a usted) les (a ustedes) (a él) (a ellos) (a ella) (a ellas) The prepositional forms are optional (for clarification or emphasis)
  • All the prepositional forms can be used to emphasize the object pronoun form.Juan doesn’t like beans but I do.A Juan no le gustan los frijoles, pero a mísí me gustan.Notice that because Juan and I were stressed in the above sentence in English, we added theprepositional forms a Juan and a mí in Spanish to reflect that stress.
  • Since the third-person pronouns le and les can beambiguous, they sometimes require prepositionalforms for clarification. Les encantan las bananas. Since les can represent a number of different people, we may need to add a prepositional form to avoid confusion. A ellos les encantan las bananas. A ellas les encantan las bananas. A Luis y a Marta les encantan las bananas. A Uds. les encantan las bananas.
  • FIN