Transcript of "TRANSFORMATION OF AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES"
PRESENTED BY: Javeria 11-arid-3303 MIT-1University Institute of Information Technology , Rawalpindi(UIIT,UAAR) Pakistan
TRANSFORMATION OF AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES• Transformation to Negative• Transformation to Interrogative• Transformation to Imperative• Transformation to Exclamatory
TRANSFORMATION TO NEGATIVE: A. with a verb of being(is/am/are) as the main verb: Add not to the verb. Example:B. with an action or linking verb that has an auxiliary verb (have or be): Add not tothe verb. Example - action verb: Example - linking verb:
C. with an action or linking verb that does not have an auxiliary verb: Add ’not’ and the appropriate number and tense of ’do’.Example - action verbExample - linking verb
TRANSFORMATION TO INTERROGATIVEi. with yes-no answer A. with a verb of being(is/am/are) as the main verb: Transpose the position of the subject and the verb. Example: B. with an action or linking verb that has an auxiliary verb (have or be): Transpose the position of the subject and the auxiliary verb Example - action verb: Example - linking verb:
C. with an action or linking verb that does not have an auxiliary verb: Add theappropriate number and tense of ’do’ at the beginning of the sentence. Example - Action verb: Example - linking verb:
ii. Transform to interrogative (with Interrogative words:) how when where why what which who whomThis transformation provides questions that will produce more than a yes/no answer. It may be used with any of the sentence patterns. To create the transformation, 1. place an interrogative word at the beginning of the sentence, 2. reverse positions of the subject and verb, and 3. add do/does/did if needed (action or linking verb without auxiliary verb).Examples
NOTE: Sentences using which or whose to create the interrogative may not require adding do/does/did or transposing the positions of the subject and verb.
TRANSFORMATION TO IMPERATIVE: This transformation creates a command. It may be used with all sentence patterns.NOTE THAT: There is only one tense, simple present, for the imperativetransformation.• To make the imperative transformation, replace the sentence subject with ’you’ andchange the verb form to its infinitive form without ’to’. Examples:
TRANSFORMATION TO EXCLAMATORY: This transformation creates a surprise statement. It may be used with all sentence patterns. To make the exclamatory transformation; •place what or how at the beginning of the sentence •rearrange words in the sentence as needed •place an exclamation point at the end of the sentence Examples
NOTE THAT In many cases, more than one transformation may be performedat a time on a given sentence.Examples:negative, and interrogative: