Israel became a nation in 1948, prior to that it was under British protectorate/colonialstatus called the British Mandate and prior to the end of WWI it was part of the TurkishOttoman empire along with Trans-Jordanian Palestine (you may know it as Jordan), Syriaand Lebanon. Under the Ottoman rule there were no reliable census records to tell ushow many people lived in the land.The British conducted a censes in 1931 that is thought to be the most reliable and it putsthe population at between 700,000 and 1 million Jews, Arabs, Bedouin and others. Thepopulation was made up of Jews, Muslims, Christians, Druze and even some Buddhists.
To the left you see the nation of Israel. Notice the ear shaped landoutlined with a broken line. That is the West Bank and part of theproposed location of a new Palestinian state. In the lower lefthand corner you will see Gaza. This is where the vast majority ofthe original Palestinian homes and farms were. It has beensectioned off and is under the rule of Palestinians includingHezbollah and Hamas jointly. The majority of Palestinian refugeesfleeing to the US come from this region. Israel, including the West Bank, is smaller than New Jersey and is 9 miles wide between Tel Aviv and the West Bank. Notes: Percent distribution; data based on sample. "Other Arab" (9.6 percent) includes Yemeni, Kurdish, Algerian, Saudi, Tunisian, Kuwaiti, Libyan, Berber, Emirati (United Arab Emirates), Omani, Qatari, Bahraini, Alhuceman, Bedouin, Rio de Oro, and the general terms Middle Eastern and North African. Source: US Census Bureau, Census 2000 special tabulation.
PUSH/PULL FACTORS FOR IMMIGRATING AWAY FROM THE “PROMISED LAND”We have been at war since our nation was reborn. We are not at war with an unseen foe, butwith our neighbors, our countrymen and yes, even our own cousins. Why do we fight? Wefight for our lives and our land. Why do they fight? They fight for the same. God help us all. – Gold Meir First Female Prime Minister of IsraelWhile many Jewish Americans still immigrate to Israel (or make Aliyah), many Israeli’simmigrate to America for a variety of reasons. Among these are family ties, employmentopportunities and to escape the terrorist attacks and the compulsory military service. Some misunderstand and think the war is over religion. Both Judaism and Islam tell us to respect each other and get along. The war is over racism, land and politics.US STATE DEPARTMENT ADVISORY TO AMERICANS PAGE-Two U.S. citizens were murdered in separate incidents while walking in the woods in theBeit Shemesh area near Jerusalem in the last 18 months. Israeli authorities characterizedthe murders as terrorist attacks.-A bomb blast near the Central Bus Terminal in Jerusalem on March 23, 2011 injuredseveral U.S. citizens.-In the Golan Heights and West Bank, there are live landmines in many areas and visitorsshould walk only on established roads or trails.
Palestinian Push/Pull FactorsThe establishment of Israel and the war that ensued resulted in theimmigration of over 750,000 Palestinians, from a population of a presumed1.3 million. From 1948 until 1966, only 80,000 Arabs officially immigrated tothe United States. Of these 80,000, the majority were ethnicPalestinians while the second largest group was made up of Egyptians.This new group of immigrants differed greatly from their predecessors, mostmarkedly in their religious backgrounds. 90 percent of all first wave Arabimmigrants professed Christianity as opposed to only 40 percent in thesecond wave. Moreover, this group tended to be better educated, themajority of males having college degrees, and in much better financial statesthan the first wave immigrants.Wikipedia Arab immigrationAmerica offered the potential for a new start and work that these educatedpeople could use to provide for their families, here and abroad.
THE PEOPLE IN ISRAEL, BOTH ISRAELI AND PALESTINIANPopulation (2010 est.): 7.59 million.Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 1.7%.Ethnic groups: Jews 76.2%; Arabs 19.5%; other 4.3%.Religions: Judaism, Islam, Christianity, Druze, Other.Languages: Hebrew (official), Arabic (official), English, Russian, French, Swahili.Education: Years compulsory--11.Literacy--96.9% (female 95.6%; male 98.3%).Health: Infant mortality rate (2009 est.)--4.22/1,000 births.Life expectancy at birth--80.73 years; female 82.95 years, male 78.62 years.Work force (3.02 million; Central Bureau for Statistics, 2009):Agriculture--2.1%; manufacturing--16.2%; electricity and water supply--0.8%; construction--5.4%; trade andrepair of motor vehicles--3.6%; accommodation services and restaurants--4.3%; transport, storage, andcommunication--6.5%; banking, insurance, and finance--3.3%; business activities--13.4%; public administration--4.7%; education--12.7%; health, welfare, and social services--10.7%; community, social, and personal services--4.6%; services for households by domestic personnel--1.6%.