0
1. Writing the Constitution
http://media.nowpublic.net/images//70/5/7058a54a3b76978186ba2e5d9941db2f.jpg
1. Writing the Constitution
http://media.nowpublic.net/images//70/5/7058a54a3b76978186ba2e5d9941db2f.jpg
2. In 1776, American leaders declared independence from England.
Now, the Thirteen United States needed a new government.
2. In 1776, American leaders declared independence from England.
Now, the Thirteen United States needed a new government.
http://www.mchumor.com/law_constitution_cartoons.htm
l

What kind of government should
our new United States establish?
3. Should Americans set up a monarchy?
3. Should Americans set up a monarchy?
4. On June 12, 1776, the Continental Congress appointed a group of leaders to create a government plan.

http://currierand...
4. On June 12, 1776, the Continental Congress appointed a group of leaders to create a government plan.

http://currierand...
http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/revolut/jb_revolut_2ndcong_2_e.html
The Writing Committee:Samuel Adams, Josiah Bartlett, Thomas McKean,
Button Gwinnett, Joseph Hewes, Francis Hopkinson, Thom...
5. The Battle of Germantown happened in October, 1777.

http://www.historycentral.com/revolt/Germantown.html
5. The Battle of Germantown happened in October, 1777.

http://www.historycentral.com/revolt/Germantown.html
Battle of Germantown, by Christian Schüssele,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Germantown.jpg
6. George Washington led the American
army at the Battle of Germantown.
The Americans were not successful.
The British won...
6. George Washington led the American
army at the Battle of Germantown.
The Americans were not successful.
The British won...
6. George Washington led the American
army at the Battle of Germantown.
The Americans were not successful.
The British won...
We better get out of here!
After the British army attacked Philadelphia, the Writing Committee moved to York, Pennsylvania.

http://www.britishbattle...
http://www.graphicsbydezign.com/i
mages/clip-art/horse-brown.gif
http://www.sitesatlas.com/Flash/USC
an/static/PAOF-800.jp...
7. In York, Pennsylvania, the Writing Committee developed a
government plan called the Articles of Confederation.

ttp://u...
7. In York, Pennsylvania, the Writing Committee developed a
government plan called the Articles of Confederation.

ttp://u...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Articles_page1.jpg
ttp://admin.virtualology.com/objects/edit/content/articlesofconfederation.
com/ArticlesofConfederation.com
http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/articles.html
8. Congress approved the Articles of Confederation 1778.
Each of the states ratified the Articles.

approved or
accepted
8. Congress approved the Articles of Confederation 1778.
Each of the states ratified the Articles.

approved or
accepted
While the new country, USA, was fighting a war with the British army,
government leaders followed the Articles of Confeder...
Most of the fighting ended after Britain lost the Battle of Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781.

Edward Percy Moran, Surrender of...
9. Finally, the war was over.
The Americans won the Revolution in 1781.
9. Finally, the war was over.
The Americans won the Revolution in 1781.
http://blogs.phillyburbs.com/news/bct/wp-content/blogs.dir/3/files/2008/06/wk_of_6.30_/0701Fireworks.jpg
10. In 1783, American and British leaders met in Paris, France, and signed a peace treaty.

Benjamin West, The Treaty of P...
10. In 1783, American and British leaders met in Paris, France, and signed a peace treaty.

Benjamin West, The Treaty of P...
10. In 1783, American and British leaders met in Paris, France, and signed a peace treaty.

Benjamin West, The Treaty of P...
11. Now, there were new troubles.
12. An American man, Daniel
Shays, started a fight with
USA’s government.

Daniel Shays’ Rebellion
12. An American man, Daniel
Shays, started a fight with
USA’s government.

Daniel Shays’ Rebellion
Daniel Shays led over one
thousand men to close down
the courts and to capture
government weapons.

Daniel Shays’ Rebellio...
Who was Daniel Shays?
...a farmer from Massachusetts.
…a brave soldier in the revolution.

Daniel Shays’ Rebellion
Why was Daniel Shays angry at the government?

12. After the revolution, Daniel Shays and other soldiers never got paychec...
Why was Daniel Shays angry at the government?

13. After the revolution, Daniel Shays and other soldiers never got paychec...
You can’t send me to jail!
I can’t pay my debts
because Inever got a
paycheck!

Daniel Shays’ Rebellion
Daniel Shays and other
farmers owed money.
Judges were sending
debtors to jail.
You can’t send me to jail!
I can’t pay my ...
Daniel Shays’ Rebellion
People asked government leaders many questions…
but the leaders did not have solutions.
People asked government leaders many questions…
but the leaders did not have solutions.
Who pays soldiers?
Who makes up th...
How will we create new states?
Pirates were capturing Americans. Who will rescue them?
Who controls the Potomac River –Mar...
13. There were money troubles and many other problems
because the Articles of Confederation did not have answers
for these...
14. There were money troubles and many other problems
because the Articles of Confederation did not have answers
for these...
14. Leaders decided that the Articles of Confederation were a
poor plan for government.
15. Leaders decided that the Articles of Confederation were a
poor plan for government.
Here’s why…
15. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States
government could not collect taxes.
16. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States
government could not collect taxes.
16. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government
did not control trade between other countries.
http:...
17. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government
did not control trade between other countries.
http:...
17. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government
hadno central leader.
18. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government
hadno central leader.
18. Under the Articles of Confederation, the government
had no central court system to explain laws.

http://etc.usf.edu/c...
19. Under the Articles of Confederation, the government
had no central court system to explain laws.

http://etc.usf.edu/c...
19. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government
did not have a common currency.
20. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government
did not have a common currency.
http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/hamilton/slide18.html
http://www.glencoe.com/qe/qe96.php?qi=2481
19.The Articles of Confederation = a weak government.

United States of America

Articles of Confederation
21. The Articles of Confederation = a weak government.

United States of America

Articles of Confederation
20. In the summer of 1787, Congress decided to meet in Philadelphia to establish
a new plan for government.

http://currie...
22. In the summer of 1787, Congress decided to meet in Philadelphia to establish
a new plan for government.

http://currie...
20. Twelve states elected seventy-four delegates to attend the Grand Convention in Philadelphia.

Rhode Island refused to ...
23. Twelve states elected seventy-four delegates to attend the Grand Convention in Philadelphia.

Rhode Island refused to ...
http://orchard.sbschools.net/library/links/colonies.g
if
Jonathan Dayton, 27, of New Jersey was the youngest delegate.

Benjamin Franklin, 81, was the oldest.
Half of the delegate...
23. All of the delegates respected the great military leader from Virginia, George Washington, so
they asked Washington to...
23. All of the delegates respected the great military leader from Virginia, George Washington, so
they asked Washington to...
26. All of the delegates respected the great military leader from Virginia, George Washington, so
they asked Washington to...
26. All of the delegates respected the great military leader from Virginia, George Washington, so
they asked Washington to...
Alexander Hamilton,
James Wilson,
James Madison &
Benjamin Franklin

http://www.aoc.gov/cc/art/cox_corr/g_exp/constitution...
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part2/2h64b.html
http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/juengling_kappes/
http://www.laits.utexas.edu/gov310/C
F/Const_Conv/
http://rasica.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/founding.jpg
23. The delegates met secretly.
They made sure that windows were closed at all times so they would have privacy.
27. The delegates met secretly.
They made sure that windows were closed at all times so they would have privacy.
It was summer.
There were no fans or air conditioners.

http://www.wpclipart.com/science/thermometer_medium.png
24. The delegates had big conflicts.
28. The delegates had big conflicts.
25.Federalists
wanted one strong, central government.

versus

Anti-Federalists
wanted each state to have strong rights.
29.Federalists
wanted one strong, central government.

versus

Anti-Federalists
wanted each state to have strong rights.
Federalists
James Madison Alexander Hamilton Geo. Washington

Gouverneur Morris

versus

Anti-Federalists
Roger Sherman

W...
http://teachingamericanhistory.org/fed-antifed/
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_5FSAMTa2cCk/SY7_AX
yJjmI/AAAAAAAAAms/um0wFiIyWTw/s1600h/Constitutional++Debate.jpg
There were more conflicts:
Who gets power?
Will small states get too little power?
Will large states get too much power?
In the Virginia Plan, Congress
should have two houses based on
how many people live in each
state.

James Madison, Virgini...
26. The small states were afraid large states would get too much power.
30. The small states were afraid large states would get too much power.
27. The Framers of the Constitution agreed to compromise on how to set up Congress.

Compromise = meet halfway
31. The Framers of the Constitution agreed to compromise on how to set up Congress.

Compromise = meet halfway
28. The main idea of the Constitution:

Divide the power of government into three
parts.
31. The main idea of the Constitution:

Divide the power of government into three
parts.
2.

3.
1.
Executive Branch

Judicial Branch
Legislative Branch

http://www.nuremmattress.com/media/upload/image/tree-clipart-4.gif
Executive Branch

Judicial Branch
Legislative Branch

http://www.nuremmattress.com/media/upload/image/tree-clipart-4.gif
The Constitution divided government power in three parts:
http://www.nuremmattress.com/media/upload/image/tree-clipart-4.gif

Legislative Branch
Judicial Branch
Executive Branch
http://www.nuremmattress.com/media/upload/image/tree-clipart-4.gif

Legislative Branch
Judicial Branch
Executive Branch
Three-Fifths
Compromise
31. To decide the population
of states, three out of every
five slaves would be
counted.
Three-Fifths
Compromise
31. To decide the population
of states, three out of every
five slaves would be
counted.
http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/hamilton/slide15.html
http://department.monm.edu/classics/cpl/PromotionalMaterials/USConstitution.jpg
http://www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/links/constitution.jpg
Images of the signing of the Constitution.
http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/stearns/
http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/images/stearns_stamp....
http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/herter/
http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/froehlich/
http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/images/faulkner_painting.jpg

This painting shows how much Americans loved t...
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH106.jpg

Americans copied the Roman’s idea of repres...
32. Americans copied the Roman’s idea of representative democracy.
http://orchard.sbschools.net/library/links/colonies.gif
http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/glanzman/
George Washington’s Chair
from the Constitutional Convention
http://www.mcilhinney.com/chuck/tour/tour1.htm
I have often …looked behind the
President without being able to tell
whether the sun was rising or setting.

This portrait...
I have the happiness to know
thatit is a rising and not a
setting Sun.

http://www.mcilhinney.com/chuck/tour/tour1.h
tm
33. On September 17, 1787, 40 delegates signed the Constitution.

http://www.voanews.cn/specialenglish/March/spec2345a0313...
33. On September 17, 1787, 40 delegates signed the Constitution.

http://www.voanews.cn/specialenglish/March/spec2345a0313...
http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/hintermeister/
Where did the city of Washington, D.C. come from?
http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/images/stearns_farmer.jpg
http://www.mchumor.com/law_constitution_cartoons.htm
l

Why did they call the
leaders the ‘Framers’
of the Constitution?
http://www.nps.gov/archive/frhi/algal4.gif
http://onlinesocialstudies.mpls.k12.mn.us/sites/01235239-98b9-4c67-8edc-30c6fe7e6dc5/uploads/l0768214238.jpg
http://k2printables.com/images/preamble.jpg
The Preamble to the Constitution of the United States of America

We the people of the United States,
2.in order to form a...
http://pomegranate.stores.yahoo.net/1957.html
http://homepage.mac.com/kaaawa/iblog/C394583283/E20080117232028 /Media/preamble.gif
http://www.buzzle.com/img/articleImages/161125-34med.jpg
http://www.magazineusa.com/images_st2/pa/Philadelphia/NCC_Preamble.jpg
/http://www.abanet.org/publiced/conversations/constitution/imagespreamble_starter2.jpg
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
Writing the Constitution
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Writing the Constitution

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This presentation is for D/hh students in Ms. Amy's Senior Social Science class.

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Transcript of "Writing the Constitution"

  1. 1. 1. Writing the Constitution http://media.nowpublic.net/images//70/5/7058a54a3b76978186ba2e5d9941db2f.jpg
  2. 2. 1. Writing the Constitution http://media.nowpublic.net/images//70/5/7058a54a3b76978186ba2e5d9941db2f.jpg
  3. 3. 2. In 1776, American leaders declared independence from England. Now, the Thirteen United States needed a new government.
  4. 4. 2. In 1776, American leaders declared independence from England. Now, the Thirteen United States needed a new government.
  5. 5. http://www.mchumor.com/law_constitution_cartoons.htm l What kind of government should our new United States establish?
  6. 6. 3. Should Americans set up a monarchy?
  7. 7. 3. Should Americans set up a monarchy?
  8. 8. 4. On June 12, 1776, the Continental Congress appointed a group of leaders to create a government plan. http://currierandives.net/images/IndependenceHallPhiladelphia1776.jpg
  9. 9. 4. On June 12, 1776, the Continental Congress appointed a group of leaders to create a government plan. http://currierandives.net/images/IndependenceHallPhiladelphia1776.jpg
  10. 10. http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/revolut/jb_revolut_2ndcong_2_e.html
  11. 11. The Writing Committee:Samuel Adams, Josiah Bartlett, Thomas McKean, Button Gwinnett, Joseph Hewes, Francis Hopkinson, Thomas Stone, Stephen Hopkins, Edward Rutledge, Roger Sherman, Robert R. Livingston, Thomas Nelson. John Dickinson was the chairman.
  12. 12. 5. The Battle of Germantown happened in October, 1777. http://www.historycentral.com/revolt/Germantown.html
  13. 13. 5. The Battle of Germantown happened in October, 1777. http://www.historycentral.com/revolt/Germantown.html
  14. 14. Battle of Germantown, by Christian Schüssele, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Germantown.jpg
  15. 15. 6. George Washington led the American army at the Battle of Germantown. The Americans were not successful. The British won the battle. Washington and his soldiers retreated away from Philadelphia. http://portrait.kaar.at/USA%201/images/george_washington.jpg
  16. 16. 6. George Washington led the American army at the Battle of Germantown. The Americans were not successful. The British won the battle. Washington and his soldiers retreated away from Philadelphia. http://portrait.kaar.at/USA%201/images/george_washington.jpg
  17. 17. 6. George Washington led the American army at the Battle of Germantown. The Americans were not successful. The British won the battle. Washington and his soldiers retreated away from Philadelphia. http://portrait.kaar.at/USA%201/images/george_washington.jpg
  18. 18. We better get out of here!
  19. 19. After the British army attacked Philadelphia, the Writing Committee moved to York, Pennsylvania. http://www.britishbattles.com/images/germantown/chew-house-l.jpg
  20. 20. http://www.graphicsbydezign.com/i mages/clip-art/horse-brown.gif http://www.sitesatlas.com/Flash/USC an/static/PAOF-800.jpg York Philadelphia http://www.sitesatlas.com/Flash/USCan/static/PAOF.htm
  21. 21. 7. In York, Pennsylvania, the Writing Committee developed a government plan called the Articles of Confederation. ttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ad/Stamp_US_1977_13c_Articles_Confederation.jpg
  22. 22. 7. In York, Pennsylvania, the Writing Committee developed a government plan called the Articles of Confederation. ttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ad/Stamp_US_1977_13c_Articles_Confederation.jpg
  23. 23. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Articles_page1.jpg
  24. 24. ttp://admin.virtualology.com/objects/edit/content/articlesofconfederation. com/ArticlesofConfederation.com
  25. 25. http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/articles.html
  26. 26. 8. Congress approved the Articles of Confederation 1778. Each of the states ratified the Articles. approved or accepted
  27. 27. 8. Congress approved the Articles of Confederation 1778. Each of the states ratified the Articles. approved or accepted
  28. 28. While the new country, USA, was fighting a war with the British army, government leaders followed the Articles of Confederation.
  29. 29. Most of the fighting ended after Britain lost the Battle of Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781. Edward Percy Moran, Surrender of Cornwallis to Washington at Yorktown. http://images.virtualology.com/images/844.jpg
  30. 30. 9. Finally, the war was over. The Americans won the Revolution in 1781.
  31. 31. 9. Finally, the war was over. The Americans won the Revolution in 1781.
  32. 32. http://blogs.phillyburbs.com/news/bct/wp-content/blogs.dir/3/files/2008/06/wk_of_6.30_/0701Fireworks.jpg
  33. 33. 10. In 1783, American and British leaders met in Paris, France, and signed a peace treaty. Benjamin West, The Treaty of Paris (1783) from left to right: John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. http://www.harpers.org/archive/2008/03/hbc-90002651
  34. 34. 10. In 1783, American and British leaders met in Paris, France, and signed a peace treaty. Benjamin West, The Treaty of Paris (1783) from left to right: John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. http://www.harpers.org/archive/2008/03/hbc-90002651
  35. 35. 10. In 1783, American and British leaders met in Paris, France, and signed a peace treaty. Benjamin West, The Treaty of Paris (1783) from left to right: John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. http://www.harpers.org/archive/2008/03/hbc-90002651
  36. 36. 11. Now, there were new troubles.
  37. 37. 12. An American man, Daniel Shays, started a fight with USA’s government. Daniel Shays’ Rebellion
  38. 38. 12. An American man, Daniel Shays, started a fight with USA’s government. Daniel Shays’ Rebellion
  39. 39. Daniel Shays led over one thousand men to close down the courts and to capture government weapons. Daniel Shays’ Rebellion
  40. 40. Who was Daniel Shays? ...a farmer from Massachusetts. …a brave soldier in the revolution. Daniel Shays’ Rebellion
  41. 41. Why was Daniel Shays angry at the government? 12. After the revolution, Daniel Shays and other soldiers never got paychecks. Daniel Shays’ Rebellion
  42. 42. Why was Daniel Shays angry at the government? 13. After the revolution, Daniel Shays and other soldiers never got paychecks. Daniel Shays’ Rebellion
  43. 43. You can’t send me to jail! I can’t pay my debts because Inever got a paycheck! Daniel Shays’ Rebellion
  44. 44. Daniel Shays and other farmers owed money. Judges were sending debtors to jail. You can’t send me to jail! I can’t pay my debts because Inever got a paycheck! Daniel Shays’ Rebellion
  45. 45. Daniel Shays’ Rebellion
  46. 46. People asked government leaders many questions… but the leaders did not have solutions.
  47. 47. People asked government leaders many questions… but the leaders did not have solutions. Who pays soldiers? Who makes up the rules about paying soldiers?
  48. 48. How will we create new states? Pirates were capturing Americans. Who will rescue them? Who controls the Potomac River –Maryland or Virginia?
  49. 49. 13. There were money troubles and many other problems because the Articles of Confederation did not have answers for these questions.
  50. 50. 14. There were money troubles and many other problems because the Articles of Confederation did not have answers for these questions.
  51. 51. 14. Leaders decided that the Articles of Confederation were a poor plan for government.
  52. 52. 15. Leaders decided that the Articles of Confederation were a poor plan for government.
  53. 53. Here’s why…
  54. 54. 15. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government could not collect taxes.
  55. 55. 16. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government could not collect taxes.
  56. 56. 16. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government did not control trade between other countries. http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/graphics/triangulartrade.jpg
  57. 57. 17. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government did not control trade between other countries. http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/graphics/triangulartrade.jpg
  58. 58. 17. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government hadno central leader.
  59. 59. 18. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government hadno central leader.
  60. 60. 18. Under the Articles of Confederation, the government had no central court system to explain laws. http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/7800/7816/supr_court_7816.htm
  61. 61. 19. Under the Articles of Confederation, the government had no central court system to explain laws. http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/7800/7816/supr_court_7816.htm
  62. 62. 19. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government did not have a common currency.
  63. 63. 20. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States government did not have a common currency.
  64. 64. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/hamilton/slide18.html
  65. 65. http://www.glencoe.com/qe/qe96.php?qi=2481
  66. 66. 19.The Articles of Confederation = a weak government. United States of America Articles of Confederation
  67. 67. 21. The Articles of Confederation = a weak government. United States of America Articles of Confederation
  68. 68. 20. In the summer of 1787, Congress decided to meet in Philadelphia to establish a new plan for government. http://currierandives.net/images/IndependenceHallPhiladelphia1776.jpg
  69. 69. 22. In the summer of 1787, Congress decided to meet in Philadelphia to establish a new plan for government. http://currierandives.net/images/IndependenceHallPhiladelphia1776.jpg
  70. 70. 20. Twelve states elected seventy-four delegates to attend the Grand Convention in Philadelphia. Rhode Island refused to send anybody to the Convention. Fifty-five delegates came to Philadelphia. 21. The delegates began their meetings on Monday, May 14, 1787. 21. Most days, only thirty or forty men worked at the Convention.
  71. 71. 23. Twelve states elected seventy-four delegates to attend the Grand Convention in Philadelphia. Rhode Island refused to send anybody to the Convention. Fifty-five delegates came to Philadelphia. 24. The delegates began their meetings on Monday, May 14, 1787. 25. Most days, only thirty or forty men worked at the Convention.
  72. 72. http://orchard.sbschools.net/library/links/colonies.g if
  73. 73. Jonathan Dayton, 27, of New Jersey was the youngest delegate. Benjamin Franklin, 81, was the oldest. Half of the delegates were lawyers. Thirty of the delegates fought in the Revolutionary War.
  74. 74. 23. All of the delegates respected the great military leader from Virginia, George Washington, so they asked Washington to serve as President of the Convention.
  75. 75. 23. All of the delegates respected the great military leader from Virginia, George Washington, so they asked Washington to serve as President of the Convention.
  76. 76. 26. All of the delegates respected the great military leader from Virginia, George Washington, so they asked Washington to serve as President of the Convention.
  77. 77. 26. All of the delegates respected the great military leader from Virginia, George Washington, so they asked Washington to serve as President of the Convention. Yes
  78. 78. Alexander Hamilton, James Wilson, James Madison & Benjamin Franklin http://www.aoc.gov/cc/art/cox_corr/g_exp/constitutional.cfm?closeup=1 http://www.aoc.gov/images/constitution1.jpg
  79. 79. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part2/2h64b.html
  80. 80. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/juengling_kappes/
  81. 81. http://www.laits.utexas.edu/gov310/C F/Const_Conv/
  82. 82. http://rasica.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/founding.jpg
  83. 83. 23. The delegates met secretly. They made sure that windows were closed at all times so they would have privacy.
  84. 84. 27. The delegates met secretly. They made sure that windows were closed at all times so they would have privacy.
  85. 85. It was summer. There were no fans or air conditioners. http://www.wpclipart.com/science/thermometer_medium.png
  86. 86. 24. The delegates had big conflicts.
  87. 87. 28. The delegates had big conflicts.
  88. 88. 25.Federalists wanted one strong, central government. versus Anti-Federalists wanted each state to have strong rights.
  89. 89. 29.Federalists wanted one strong, central government. versus Anti-Federalists wanted each state to have strong rights.
  90. 90. Federalists James Madison Alexander Hamilton Geo. Washington Gouverneur Morris versus Anti-Federalists Roger Sherman William Paterson Luther Martin Benj. Franklin Robert Morris
  91. 91. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/fed-antifed/
  92. 92. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_5FSAMTa2cCk/SY7_AX yJjmI/AAAAAAAAAms/um0wFiIyWTw/s1600h/Constitutional++Debate.jpg
  93. 93. There were more conflicts: Who gets power? Will small states get too little power? Will large states get too much power?
  94. 94. In the Virginia Plan, Congress should have two houses based on how many people live in each state. James Madison, Virginia In the New Jersey Plan, each state gets one vote in Congress. William Paterson, New Jersey
  95. 95. 26. The small states were afraid large states would get too much power.
  96. 96. 30. The small states were afraid large states would get too much power.
  97. 97. 27. The Framers of the Constitution agreed to compromise on how to set up Congress. Compromise = meet halfway
  98. 98. 31. The Framers of the Constitution agreed to compromise on how to set up Congress. Compromise = meet halfway
  99. 99. 28. The main idea of the Constitution: Divide the power of government into three parts.
  100. 100. 31. The main idea of the Constitution: Divide the power of government into three parts.
  101. 101. 2. 3. 1.
  102. 102. Executive Branch Judicial Branch Legislative Branch http://www.nuremmattress.com/media/upload/image/tree-clipart-4.gif
  103. 103. Executive Branch Judicial Branch Legislative Branch http://www.nuremmattress.com/media/upload/image/tree-clipart-4.gif
  104. 104. The Constitution divided government power in three parts:
  105. 105. http://www.nuremmattress.com/media/upload/image/tree-clipart-4.gif Legislative Branch Judicial Branch Executive Branch
  106. 106. http://www.nuremmattress.com/media/upload/image/tree-clipart-4.gif Legislative Branch Judicial Branch Executive Branch
  107. 107. Three-Fifths Compromise 31. To decide the population of states, three out of every five slaves would be counted.
  108. 108. Three-Fifths Compromise 31. To decide the population of states, three out of every five slaves would be counted.
  109. 109. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/hamilton/slide15.html
  110. 110. http://department.monm.edu/classics/cpl/PromotionalMaterials/USConstitution.jpg
  111. 111. http://www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/links/constitution.jpg
  112. 112. Images of the signing of the Constitution.
  113. 113. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/stearns/ http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/images/stearns_stamp.jpg
  114. 114. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/herter/
  115. 115. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/froehlich/
  116. 116. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/images/faulkner_painting.jpg This painting shows how much Americans loved the ideas of Rome. Americans loved Roman art, architecture and ideas.
  117. 117. http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH106.jpg Americans copied the Roman’s idea of representative democracy.
  118. 118. 32. Americans copied the Roman’s idea of representative democracy. http://orchard.sbschools.net/library/links/colonies.gif
  119. 119. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/glanzman/
  120. 120. George Washington’s Chair from the Constitutional Convention
  121. 121. http://www.mcilhinney.com/chuck/tour/tour1.htm
  122. 122. I have often …looked behind the President without being able to tell whether the sun was rising or setting. This portrait of Franklin by Peale is a copy of a 1766 portrait by London painter David Martin. It shows Franklin in his first international persona, that of a scholar. http://www.benfranklin300.org/frankliniana/result.php?id=52&sec=0
  123. 123. I have the happiness to know thatit is a rising and not a setting Sun. http://www.mcilhinney.com/chuck/tour/tour1.h tm
  124. 124. 33. On September 17, 1787, 40 delegates signed the Constitution. http://www.voanews.cn/specialenglish/March/spec2345a0313.htm
  125. 125. 33. On September 17, 1787, 40 delegates signed the Constitution. http://www.voanews.cn/specialenglish/March/spec2345a0313.htm
  126. 126. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/hintermeister/
  127. 127. Where did the city of Washington, D.C. come from?
  128. 128. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/images/stearns_farmer.jpg
  129. 129. http://www.mchumor.com/law_constitution_cartoons.htm l Why did they call the leaders the ‘Framers’ of the Constitution?
  130. 130. http://www.nps.gov/archive/frhi/algal4.gif
  131. 131. http://onlinesocialstudies.mpls.k12.mn.us/sites/01235239-98b9-4c67-8edc-30c6fe7e6dc5/uploads/l0768214238.jpg
  132. 132. http://k2printables.com/images/preamble.jpg
  133. 133. The Preamble to the Constitution of the United States of America We the people of the United States, 2.in order to form a more perfect union, 3.establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, 4.provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, 5.and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, 6.do ordain and establish 7.this Constitution for the United States of America. 1.
  134. 134. http://pomegranate.stores.yahoo.net/1957.html
  135. 135. http://homepage.mac.com/kaaawa/iblog/C394583283/E20080117232028 /Media/preamble.gif
  136. 136. http://www.buzzle.com/img/articleImages/161125-34med.jpg
  137. 137. http://www.magazineusa.com/images_st2/pa/Philadelphia/NCC_Preamble.jpg
  138. 138. /http://www.abanet.org/publiced/conversations/constitution/imagespreamble_starter2.jpg
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