The Supreme Court

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The Supreme Court

  1. 1. The Court System of USA
  2. 2. Topic: ms Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: CORNELL NOTES
  3. 3. Topic: Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court *State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  4. 4. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court *State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  5. 5. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court *State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  6. 6. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  7. 7. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  8. 8. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court, *CivilCourt , *Family Cou and State Courts2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  9. 9. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court, *Civil Court, *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  10. 10. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court, and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  11. 11. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  12. 12. The Supreme Court
  13. 13. The Supreme Court
  14. 14. The Supreme Court
  15. 15. The Supreme Court
  16. 16. The Supreme Court
  17. 17. The Supreme Court
  18. 18. The Supreme Court
  19. 19. The Supreme Court
  20. 20. The Supreme Court Make an appeal = Ask the next court level to hear your story. Make an appeal = Ask the next court level to hear your story.
  21. 21. Inside a Courtroom
  22. 22. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  23. 23. Inside a Courtroom
  24. 24. Inside a Courtroom Judge
  25. 25. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  26. 26. Inside a Courtroom Judge The Jury
  27. 27. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  28. 28. Inside a Courtroom Judge The Jury Defendant
  29. 29. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  30. 30. Inside a Courtroom Judge The Jury Defendant Witness
  31. 31. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  32. 32. Inside a Courtroom Judge Defense attorney The Jury Defendant Witness
  33. 33. Inside a Courtroom Judge Defense attorney The Jury Defendant Prosecutio n Witness
  34. 34. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  35. 35. Inside a Courtroom Judge Prosecutio n Defens e The Jury Witness Defendant
  36. 36. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  37. 37. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  38. 38. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching. Criminal CourtCriminal Court
  39. 39. Inside a Courtroom Judge Prosecutio n Defens e The Jury Witness Defendant
  40. 40. Inside a Courtroom Judge Plaintiff Defens e The Jury Witness
  41. 41. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching. Civil CourtCivil Court
  42. 42. Inside a Courtroom Judge Plaintiff Defens e The Jury Witness
  43. 43. Inside a Courtroom Judge Petitioner Responden t The Jury Witness
  44. 44. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching. Family CourtFamily Court
  45. 45. Inside a Courtroom Judge Prosecutio n Defens e The Jury Witness
  46. 46. Inside a Courtroom Judge Prosecutio n Defens e The Jury Witness Clerk
  47. 47. Inside a Courtroom Judge Prosecutio n Defens e The Jury Witness Clerk Bailiff
  48. 48. Inside a Courtroom Judge Prosecutio n Defens e The Jury Witness Clerk Bailiff Visitors’ G allery
  49. 49. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  50. 50. Inside a Courtroom Judge Witness Prosecuting Attorney ProsecutionDefense Court Clerk (or Reporter) Judge Witness Prosecuting Attorney Defense Defendant Prosecution Jury Visitors’ Gallery
  51. 51. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  52. 52. United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts
  53. 53. The United States Court System
  54. 54. The United States Court System
  55. 55. The United States Court System
  56. 56. The United States Court System ?
  57. 57. The United States Court System
  58. 58. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  59. 59. The Supreme Court
  60. 60. The United States Supreme Court
  61. 61. The Supreme Court
  62. 62. The Supreme Court
  63. 63. http://www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/links/constitution.jpg
  64. 64. The Supreme Court
  65. 65. The Supreme Court • Established by Article III of the Constitution. • Top of the Judicial Branch in the Federal Government. • Final decisions in solving problems about the US Constitution.
  66. 66. 1. 2. 3.
  67. 67. Legislative Branch
  68. 68. Executive Branch Legislative Branch
  69. 69. Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial Branch
  70. 70. Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial Branch
  71. 71. 1. 2. 3.
  72. 72. 1. 2. 3. Congress makes laws.
  73. 73. 1. 2. 3. Congress makes laws. The President controls laws.
  74. 74. 1. 2. 3. Congress makes laws. The President controls laws. The Supreme Court …changes laws.
  75. 75. 1. 2. 3. Congress makes laws. The President controls laws. The Supreme Court …changes laws. … checks that laws match the Constitution
  76. 76. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. Highest Court. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  77. 77. The Supreme Court • Established by Article III of the Constitution. • Top of the Judicial Branch in the Federal Government. • Final decisions in solving problems about the US Constitution.
  78. 78. The United States Court System
  79. 79. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. Highest Court. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  80. 80. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. Highest Court. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  81. 81. The Supreme Court
  82. 82. The Supreme Court
  83. 83. The Supreme Court
  84. 84. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. Highest Court. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *Judges are called “Justices.” *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  85. 85. The Supreme Court
  86. 86. The Supreme Court 2013 - 2014
  87. 87. The Supreme Court There Are Nine Supreme Court Justices 2013 - 2014
  88. 88. The Supreme Court The first meeting in New York of the United States Supreme Court in 1790 and 1791. From left, William Cushing, Chief Justice John Jay, John Blair, and James Wilson. The Very First Supreme Court Had Four Justices
  89. 89. The Supreme Court The first meeting in New York of the United States Supreme Court in 1790 and 1791. From left, William Cushing, Chief Justice John Jay, John Blair, and James Wilson. John Rutledge The Very First Supreme Court Had Four Justices
  90. 90. The Supreme Court The first meeting in New York of the United States Supreme Court in 1790 and 1791. From left, William Cushing, Chief Justice John Jay, John Blair, and James Wilson. John Rutledge The Very First Supreme Court Had Five Justices
  91. 91. The Supreme Court There Are Nine Supreme Court Justices
  92. 92. The Supreme Court There Are Nine Supreme Court Justices
  93. 93. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. Highest Court. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *The nine Supreme Court Judges are called “Justices.” (1st Court = 4) *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. (1st Court = 6) *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  94. 94. The Supreme Court
  95. 95. The Supreme Court
  96. 96. The Supreme Court
  97. 97. The Supreme Court
  98. 98. The Supreme Court
  99. 99. The Supreme Court
  100. 100. The Supreme Court
  101. 101. The Supreme Court
  102. 102. The Supreme Court
  103. 103. The Supreme Court
  104. 104. The Supreme Court Associate Justice Sotomayor
  105. 105. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. Highest Court. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *The nine Supreme Court Judges are called “Justices.” (1st Court = 4) *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  106. 106. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. Highest Court. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *The nine Supreme Court Judges are called “Justices.” (1st Court = 4) *Nine justices appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  107. 107. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. Highest Court. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *The nine Supreme Court Judges are called “Justices.” (1st Court = 4) *Nine justices appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *One Judge = Chief Justice. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  108. 108. The Supreme Court
  109. 109. The Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts Chief Justice John Roberts
  110. 110. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. Highest Court. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *The nine Supreme Court Judges are called “Justices.” (1st Court = 4) *Nine justices appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *One Judge = Chief Justice. Chief Justice John Roberts *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  111. 111. The Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts Chief Justice John Roberts
  112. 112. The Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts Chief Justice John Roberts Associate Justice Thomas Associate Justice Thomas
  113. 113. The Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts Chief Justice John Roberts Associate Justice Thomas Associate Justice Thomas AssociateJustice Kagan AssociateJustice Kagan
  114. 114. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. Highest Court. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *The nine Supreme Court Judges are called “Justices.” (1st Court = 4) *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *One Judge = Chief Justice. Chief Justice John Roberts + Associate Justices. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  115. 115. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. Highest Court. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *The nine Supreme Court Judges are called “Justices.” (1st Court = 4) *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *One Judge = Chief Justice. Chief Justice John Roberts + Associate Justices. *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching.
  116. 116. The Supreme Court
  117. 117. Clerk Attorneys Marshall
  118. 118. Clerk Attorneys Marshall
  119. 119. Clerk Attorneys Marshall
  120. 120. Clerk Attorneys Marshall
  121. 121. Clerk Attorneys Marshall
  122. 122. Clerk Attorneys Marshall How is the Supreme Court different from lower level courts?
  123. 123. Clerk Attorneys Marshall How is the Supreme Court different from lower level courts?
  124. 124. Clerk Attorneys Marshall How is the Supreme Court different from lower level courts?
  125. 125. Clerk Attorneys Marshall How is the Supreme Court different from lower level courts?
  126. 126. Clerk Attorneys Marshall How is the Supreme Court different from lower level courts?
  127. 127. Antonin Scalia • Associate Justice • Appointed by Ronald Reagan in 1986. • Graduate of Harvard Law School. • Born 1936. • RIGHT leaning….
  128. 128. Anthony Kennedy • Associate Justice • Appointed by Ronald Reagan in 1988. • Graduated from Harvard Law School. • Born in 1936. • Moderate….
  129. 129. Clarence Thomas • Associate Justice • Appointed by George H. W. Bush in 1991. • Graduate of Yale Law School • Born in 1948. • RIGHT leaning….
  130. 130. Ruth Bader Ginsburg • Associate Justice • Appointed by William Clinton in 1993. • Graduate of Columbia University Law School. • Born in 1933. • LEFT leaning….
  131. 131. Stephen Breyer • Associate Justice. • Appointed by William Clinton in 1994. • Graduate of Harvard Law School. • Born in 1938. • LEFT leaning….
  132. 132. John Roberts • Chief Justice • Appointed by George W. Bush in 2005. • Graduate of Harvard Law School. • Born in 1955. • Right leaning….
  133. 133. Samuel Alito • Associate Justice. • Appointed By George W. Bush in 2006. • Graduate of Yale Law School. • Born in 1950. • Right leaning….
  134. 134. Sonia Sotomayor • Associate Justice. • Appointed by Barack Obama in 2009. • Graduate of Yale Law School. • Born in 1954. • Left leaning….
  135. 135. Elena Kagan • Associate Justice. • Appointed by Barack Obama in 2010. • Graduate of Harvard Law School. • Born in 1960 • Left leaning….
  136. 136. John Paul Stevens • Retired Justice. • Appointed by Gerald Ford in 1975. • Graduate of Northwestern University Law School. • Born in 1920.
  137. 137. David Souter • Retired Justice • Appointed by George H.W. Bush in 1990. • Graduate of Harvard and Harvard Law • Born in 1939.
  138. 138. Sandra Day O’Conner • Retired Justice • Appointed by Ronald Reagan in 1979 • Graduate of Stanford University Law School. • Born in 1930.
  139. 139. The First Women Supreme Court Justices
  140. 140. 1. 2. 3.
  141. 141. 1. 2. 3. Congress makes laws.
  142. 142. 1. 2. 3. Congress makes laws. The President controls laws.
  143. 143. 1. 2. 3. Congress makes laws. The President controls laws. The Supreme Court …changes laws.
  144. 144. 1. 2. 3. Congress makes laws. The President controls laws. The Supreme Court …changes laws. … checks that laws match the Constitution
  145. 145. The Supreme Court • Established by Article III of the Constitution. • Top of the Judicial Branch in the Federal Government. • Final decisions in solving problems about the US Constitution.
  146. 146. Important Powers of the Supreme Court
  147. 147. Important Powers of the Supreme Court • Precedent: Supreme Court Justices vote on problems. The majority vote = the final decision. That decision becomes a precedent. Precedents guide future court decisions. • Judicial Review: Supreme Court Justices have power to study laws and other court decisions and say they are ‘unconstitutional.’ The Court has power to cancel laws and decisions that do not match the Constitution.
  148. 148. Important Powers of the Supreme Court • Precedent: Supreme Court Justices vote on problems. The majority vote = the final decision. That decision becomes a precedent. Precedents guide future court decisions. • Judicial Review: Supreme Court Justices have power to study laws and other court decisions and say they are ‘unconstitutional.’ The Court has power to cancel laws and decisions that do not match the Constitution.
  149. 149. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. Highest Court. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *The nine Supreme Court Judges are called “Justices.” (1st Court = 4) *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *One Judge = Chief Justice. Chief Justice John Roberts *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching. 5. What does the Supreme Court do? *Our Gov’t: (1)Legislative Branch makes laws & (2)Executive Branch controls laws. *(3)Judicial Branch: Changes bad laws; ensures laws match the Constitution. *Judicial Review: Using the Constitution to support laws; ”interpreting’ the Const. *Precedent: Majority of court votes on final decision. Used for future problems. 6. Examples of Precedent and Judicial Review: *Plessy v. Ferguson *Brown v. Board of Education
  150. 150. Thurgood Marshall • First African American Justice • Appointed by Lyndon Johnson in 1967. • Graduate of Howard University Law School. • 1908 - 1993
  151. 151. Plessy v. Ferguson
  152. 152. Plessy v. Ferguson Homer Plessy
  153. 153. Plessy v. Ferguson
  154. 154. Plessy v. Ferguson
  155. 155. Plessy v. Ferguson
  156. 156. Plessy v. Ferguson 1896
  157. 157. Plessy v. Ferguson Our Constitution is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens.” Our Constitution is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens.” Justice John Marshall Harlan 1896
  158. 158. 1896
  159. 159. 1954
  160. 160. Thurgood Marshall • First African American Justice • Appointed by Lyndon Johnson in 1967. • Graduate of Howard University Law School. • 1908 - 1993
  161. 161. Brown v. Board of Education 1954
  162. 162. Brown v. Board of Education
  163. 163. Brown v. Board of Education
  164. 164. Brown v. Board of Education
  165. 165. Brown v. Board of Education
  166. 166. Brown v. Board of Education
  167. 167. Brown v. Board of Education
  168. 168. Brown v. Board of Education
  169. 169. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. Highest Court. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *The nine Supreme Court Judges are called “Justices.” (1st Court = 4) *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *One Judge = Chief Justice. Chief Justice John Roberts *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching. 5. What does the Supreme Court do? *Our Gov’t: (1)Legislative Branch makes laws & (2)Executive Branch controls laws. *(3)Judicial Branch: Changes bad laws; ensures laws match the Constitution. *Judicial Review: Using the Constitution to support laws; ”interpreting’ the Const. *Precedent: Majority of court votes on final decision. Used for future problems. 6. Examples of Precedent and Judicial Review: *Plessy v. Ferguson *Brown v. Board of Education *Justice Thurgood Marshall: became 1st Af Am Supreme Court Justice
  170. 170. Topic: Courts and the Judicial Branch Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: Summary: The Constitution set up the Federal Court system. 9 Supreme Court Justices change bad laws. 1. The United States Court System Local Courts: *Criminal Court *Civil Court *Family Court and State Courts 2. In the courtroom *Judge *Jurors *Defendant *Witnesses *Attorneys: Prosecution & Defense (or Plaintiff & Defense or Petitioner & Respondent) *Clerk, Bailiff, Visitors’ Gallery 3.Levels of Courts: Local, State, District (Federal Trial) and Appellate Courts 4.The Supreme Court *Established by Article III of the Constitution. The Judicial Branch. Highest Court. *”Equal Justice Under Law” *The nine Supreme Court Judges are called “Justices.” (1st Court = 4) *Nine judges appointed for life by President. Congress must approve. *Life long appointments = Justices are independent. *One Judge = Chief Justice. Chief Justice John Roberts *Decisions are long-reaching. President’s influence is long-reaching. 5. What does the Supreme Court do? *Our Gov’t: (1)Legislative Branch makes laws & (2)Executive Branch controls laws. *(3)Judicial Branch: Changes bad laws; ensures laws match the Constitution. *Judicial Review: Using the Constitution to support laws; ”interpreting’ the Const. *Precedent: Majority of court votes on final decision. Used for future problems. 6. Examples of Precedent and Judicial Review: *Plessy v. Ferguson *Brown v. Board of Education *Justice Thurgood Marshall: became 1st Af Am Supreme Court Justice *Who was the first African American Supreme Court Justice? *Who has roles in the courtroom? *What are three levels of the court system? *What does it say on the Supreme Court building? *What does the Supreme Court do? *What established the Supreme Court? *Where did Homer Plessy live? *When do Justices stop working for the court? *How does the Supreme Court work? *How many judges are appointed to the Supreme Court? *How did lawyers stop legal segregation?
  171. 171. Inside a Courtroom
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