King John and the<br />
http://www.wraysbury.net/history.htm<br />
http://www.wraysbury.net/history.htm<br />Who is this man?  Why isn’t he smiling?<br />
Monarchy<br />
Monarchy<br />mono   =   one<br />archa   =   leader<br />
Monarchy<br />mono   =   one<br />archa   =   leader<br />
δημοκρατία<br />
Democracy<br />
Democracy<br />Demos =  people<br />cracy    =  power<br />
Democracy<br />Demos =  people<br />cracy    =  power<br />
http://www.zippycreativeservices.com.au/images/blank-world-map2.jpg<br />
http://www.zippycreativeservices.com.au/images/blank-world-map2.jpg<br />Europe<br />
Europe<br />http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projectio...
Europe<br />http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projectio...
http://www1.curriculum.edu.au/ddunits/units/ls1fq3acts.htm<br />
http://greece.mrdonn.org/athens1.gif<br />
http://greece.mrdonn.org/athens1.gif<br />All citizens in Athens wrote the laws in a direct democracy.<br />
Only some people were citizens.<br />Women<br />Slaves<br />People born outside of Athens<br />Children<br />Deaf people<b...
Europe<br />http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projectio...
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH106.jpg<br />The Roman Empire was too big for a dire...
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH106.jpg<br />The Roman Empire was too big for a dire...
http://www.sbceo.k12.ca.us/~vms/carlton/Rome/Rome_Reading_1.htmlLawmakers came from all over the Roman empire.<br />
Lawmakers in Rome were called Senators.<br />
http://www.utexas.edu/courses/lat311moore/LAT311images/lat311images2/senate.jpgA meeting of the Roman Senate<br />
Europe<br />http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projectio...
http://www.emersonkent.com/map_archive/england_878.htm<br />
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/John_of_England<br />King John lived in England from 1166 -1216 A.D.<br />
http://www.lincolnshire.gov.uk/section.asp?catid=9467&docid=44722<br />John ruled England beginning in 1199. <br />
http://plainview.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/robin_hood_memorial.jpgHave you heard of Robin Hood?<br />
http://www.lincolnshire.gov.uk/section.asp?catid=9467&docid=44722<br />King John is famous as the cruel king from the Robi...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:King_John_from_De_Rege_Johanne.jpg<br />People remember King John as a mean, foolish lea...
People called him ‘bad King John.’<br />
John was a bad leader…or maybe he just had bad luck. He had many problems.<br />http://students.umf.maine.edu/~majoraj/mag...
http://hua.umf.maine.edu/Reading_Revolutions/MagnaCarta/e7567kingjohnwl.jpg<br />That is my decision, not yours!<br />I wa...
http://hua.umf.maine.edu/Reading_Revolutions/MagnaCarta/e7567kingjohnwl.jpg<br />You do not obey the church leaders!! King...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:King_John_from_De_Rege_Johanne.jpg<br />Problem #2:<br />He fought wars with France for ...
http://www.bl.uk/treasures/magnacarta/people/barons.html<br />Problem #3:<br /> King John borrowed a lot of money to pay f...
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/MEDjohn.htm<br />I am broke! <br />How can I pay back the money?<br />
Solution: The king could force his barons to pay taxes.<br />
Solution: The king could force his barons to pay taxes.<br />Shields of the Barons<br />
Solution: The king could force his barons to pay taxes.<br />Shields of the Barons<br />
http://www.peerage.org/genealogy/gelre_england_s.jpg<br />The king’s new tax laws were not fair.<br />The barons were fed ...
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/images/magna_carta.jpg<br />The barons  secretly prepared ...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Runnymede-meadow-eghamend.jpg<br />The barons asked the king to attend a meeting in the ...
The barons showed King John the Magna Carta. <br />
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/MEDjohn.htm<br />I won’t sign the Magna Carta! If I do, I will lose a lot of power!<b...
If King John refused to sign, the barons would refuse to support him.<br />Shields of the Barons<br />
Now, King John had a new problem:He needed the barons’ support.  Without their help, King John would lose more wars.Englan...
http://orgs.bsc.edu/libref/king%20john%20magna%20carta.jpg<br />The barons forced him to sign it.<br />
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/19609/19609-h/images/plateI.jpg<br />
http://www.lucente.org/blog/media/1/20090614-Joao_sem_terra_assina_carta_Magna.jpg<br />
Why was King John angry?How did he lose power?http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Society/Pix/pictures/2009/06/29/story-6-...
http://www.timetrek.org/8th.htm<br />What was in the Magna Carta?<br />Written in Latin<br />
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/images/magna_carta.jpg<br />The Magna Carta was a list of ...
http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg<br />There were four topics in the Magna Carta.<br />
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/images/magna_carta.jpg<br />Topic #1:<br />The Magna Carta...
http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg<br />Topic #2:<br />The Magna Carta said that soldiers mu...
http://hua.umf.maine.edu/Reading_Revolutions/MagnaCarta/S932BCOURTCOMMONPLEASwl.jpg<br />Topic #3:  The Magna Carta said t...
http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg<br />Topic #4:<br />It also said that the king must not i...
http://bibliodyssey.blogspot.com/2007/02/comic-history-of-england.html<br />The king did not like these laws, but he had n...
http://hua.umf.maine.edu/Reading_Revolutions/MagnaCarta/E0722magnacartasigningwl.jpg<br />He needed the barons’ support.<b...
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/images/magna_carta.jpg<br />
http://static.newworldencyclopedia.org/c/c2/Sealjohn.JPG<br />King John’s seal.<br />
http://yeomenoftheguard.com/john14.jpg<br />
http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg<br />King John signed the Magna Carta in 1215.<br />Why i...
http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg<br />The ideas in Magna Carta influenced fair government ...
http://www.wku.edu/Library/dlps/gdoc_pix/We_The_People.jpe<br />The ideas in Magna Carta influenced the United States Cons...
http://www.supremecourtus.gov/images/photo5.jpg<br /> If you visit the Supreme Court building in Washington,  D.C., you ca...
http://www.supremecourtus.gov/images/photo5.jpg<br />. <br /> If you visit the Supreme Court building in Washington,  D.C....
One of the barons<br />King John<br />http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_lesson_plan.asp?id=737<br />
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Image:John_effigy%28tomb%29.jpg<br />Not long after he signed the Magna Carta, K...
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Image:King_John%27s_tomb.jpg<br />He died in 1216.<br />
Question: Why does King John look different in these pictures?<br />Answer: Nobody knows what he looked like!  All of this...
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SSS -King John and the Magna Carta

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SSS -King John and the Magna Carta

  1. 1. King John and the<br />
  2. 2. http://www.wraysbury.net/history.htm<br />
  3. 3. http://www.wraysbury.net/history.htm<br />Who is this man? Why isn’t he smiling?<br />
  4. 4. Monarchy<br />
  5. 5. Monarchy<br />mono = one<br />archa = leader<br />
  6. 6. Monarchy<br />mono = one<br />archa = leader<br />
  7. 7. δημοκρατία<br />
  8. 8. Democracy<br />
  9. 9. Democracy<br />Demos = people<br />cracy = power<br />
  10. 10. Democracy<br />Demos = people<br />cracy = power<br />
  11. 11. http://www.zippycreativeservices.com.au/images/blank-world-map2.jpg<br />
  12. 12. http://www.zippycreativeservices.com.au/images/blank-world-map2.jpg<br />Europe<br />
  13. 13. Europe<br />http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px-Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg.png<br />
  14. 14. Europe<br />http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px-Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg.png<br />Democracy started here, in the ancient city of Athens, Greece, <br />about 2,500 years ago,<br /> around 500 B.C.<br />
  15. 15. http://www1.curriculum.edu.au/ddunits/units/ls1fq3acts.htm<br />
  16. 16. http://greece.mrdonn.org/athens1.gif<br />
  17. 17. http://greece.mrdonn.org/athens1.gif<br />All citizens in Athens wrote the laws in a direct democracy.<br />
  18. 18. Only some people were citizens.<br />Women<br />Slaves<br />People born outside of Athens<br />Children<br />Deaf people<br />You cannot vote.<br />
  19. 19. Europe<br />http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px-Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg.png<br />Later, ancient Romans used democracy in their government.<br />
  20. 20. http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH106.jpg<br />The Roman Empire was too big for a direct democracy. <br />Romans voted for representatives to meet in Rome and write laws.<br />
  21. 21. http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH106.jpg<br />The Roman Empire was too big for a direct democracy. <br />Romans voted for representatives to meet in Rome and write laws.<br />
  22. 22. http://www.sbceo.k12.ca.us/~vms/carlton/Rome/Rome_Reading_1.htmlLawmakers came from all over the Roman empire.<br />
  23. 23. Lawmakers in Rome were called Senators.<br />
  24. 24. http://www.utexas.edu/courses/lat311moore/LAT311images/lat311images2/senate.jpgA meeting of the Roman Senate<br />
  25. 25. Europe<br />http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px-Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_projection%29_cropped.svg.png<br />England’s government was a monarchy.<br />
  26. 26. http://www.emersonkent.com/map_archive/england_878.htm<br />
  27. 27. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/John_of_England<br />King John lived in England from 1166 -1216 A.D.<br />
  28. 28. http://www.lincolnshire.gov.uk/section.asp?catid=9467&docid=44722<br />John ruled England beginning in 1199. <br />
  29. 29. http://plainview.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/robin_hood_memorial.jpgHave you heard of Robin Hood?<br />
  30. 30. http://www.lincolnshire.gov.uk/section.asp?catid=9467&docid=44722<br />King John is famous as the cruel king from the Robin Hood stories.<br />
  31. 31. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:King_John_from_De_Rege_Johanne.jpg<br />People remember King John as a mean, foolish leader.<br />He put his mother in jail and tried to steal power from his brother<br />
  32. 32. People called him ‘bad King John.’<br />
  33. 33. John was a bad leader…or maybe he just had bad luck. He had many problems.<br />http://students.umf.maine.edu/~majoraj/magnacartawebquest/<br />
  34. 34. http://hua.umf.maine.edu/Reading_Revolutions/MagnaCarta/e7567kingjohnwl.jpg<br />That is my decision, not yours!<br />I want to choose the new leader for the church in Canterbury.<br />Problem #1: <br />King John and the pope fought about who controlled the church.<br />
  35. 35. http://hua.umf.maine.edu/Reading_Revolutions/MagnaCarta/e7567kingjohnwl.jpg<br />You do not obey the church leaders!! King John, you are excommunicated!<br />I#$%@!!!<br />Problem #1: <br />King John and the pope fought about who controlled the church.<br />
  36. 36. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:King_John_from_De_Rege_Johanne.jpg<br />Problem #2:<br />He fought wars with France for many years. <br />He never won. King John lost a lot of land.<br />
  37. 37. http://www.bl.uk/treasures/magnacarta/people/barons.html<br />Problem #3:<br /> King John borrowed a lot of money to pay for the wars.<br /> Now he had to pay back the money. <br />
  38. 38. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/MEDjohn.htm<br />I am broke! <br />How can I pay back the money?<br />
  39. 39. Solution: The king could force his barons to pay taxes.<br />
  40. 40. Solution: The king could force his barons to pay taxes.<br />Shields of the Barons<br />
  41. 41. Solution: The king could force his barons to pay taxes.<br />Shields of the Barons<br />
  42. 42. http://www.peerage.org/genealogy/gelre_england_s.jpg<br />The king’s new tax laws were not fair.<br />The barons were fed up with the king.<br />
  43. 43. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/images/magna_carta.jpg<br />The barons secretly prepared a legal document called the Magna Carta.<br />
  44. 44. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Runnymede-meadow-eghamend.jpg<br />The barons asked the king to attend a meeting in the country <br />near the town of Runneymede.<br />
  45. 45. The barons showed King John the Magna Carta. <br />
  46. 46. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/MEDjohn.htm<br />I won’t sign the Magna Carta! If I do, I will lose a lot of power!<br />
  47. 47. If King John refused to sign, the barons would refuse to support him.<br />Shields of the Barons<br />
  48. 48. Now, King John had a new problem:He needed the barons’ support. Without their help, King John would lose more wars.England would become a weak nation.<br />
  49. 49. http://orgs.bsc.edu/libref/king%20john%20magna%20carta.jpg<br />The barons forced him to sign it.<br />
  50. 50. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/19609/19609-h/images/plateI.jpg<br />
  51. 51. http://www.lucente.org/blog/media/1/20090614-Joao_sem_terra_assina_carta_Magna.jpg<br />
  52. 52. Why was King John angry?How did he lose power?http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Society/Pix/pictures/2009/06/29/story-6-main.jpg<br />
  53. 53. http://www.timetrek.org/8th.htm<br />What was in the Magna Carta?<br />Written in Latin<br />
  54. 54. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/images/magna_carta.jpg<br />The Magna Carta was a list of rights for all people.<br />
  55. 55. http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg<br />There were four topics in the Magna Carta.<br />
  56. 56. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/images/magna_carta.jpg<br />Topic #1:<br />The Magna Carta said that the King must follow rules when he made new laws about taxes and anything else.<br />
  57. 57. http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg<br />Topic #2:<br />The Magna Carta said that soldiers must have good reasons before searching or arresting people.<br />
  58. 58. http://hua.umf.maine.edu/Reading_Revolutions/MagnaCarta/S932BCOURTCOMMONPLEASwl.jpg<br />Topic #3: The Magna Carta said that everyone must obey decisions made by judges. <br />
  59. 59. http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg<br />Topic #4:<br />It also said that the king must not interfere with church business.<br />
  60. 60. http://bibliodyssey.blogspot.com/2007/02/comic-history-of-england.html<br />The king did not like these laws, but he had no choice. <br />
  61. 61. http://hua.umf.maine.edu/Reading_Revolutions/MagnaCarta/E0722magnacartasigningwl.jpg<br />He needed the barons’ support.<br />So King John signed his name on the <br />Magna Carta.<br />
  62. 62. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/magna_carta/images/magna_carta.jpg<br />
  63. 63. http://static.newworldencyclopedia.org/c/c2/Sealjohn.JPG<br />King John’s seal.<br />
  64. 64. http://yeomenoftheguard.com/john14.jpg<br />
  65. 65. http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg<br />King John signed the Magna Carta in 1215.<br />Why is the Magna Carta important today in the 21st century?<br />
  66. 66. http://www.gwu.edu/~erpapers/humanrights/timeline/magnacarta.jpg<br />The ideas in Magna Carta influenced fair government laws in Great Britain.<br />
  67. 67. http://www.wku.edu/Library/dlps/gdoc_pix/We_The_People.jpe<br />The ideas in Magna Carta influenced the United States Constitution, the government laws for the United States.<br />
  68. 68. http://www.supremecourtus.gov/images/photo5.jpg<br /> If you visit the Supreme Court building in Washington, D.C., you can see a picture of King John signing the Magna Carta on the doors.<br />
  69. 69. http://www.supremecourtus.gov/images/photo5.jpg<br />. <br /> If you visit the Supreme Court building in Washington, D.C., you can see a picture of King John signing the Magna Carta on the doors.<br />
  70. 70. One of the barons<br />King John<br />http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_lesson_plan.asp?id=737<br />
  71. 71. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Image:John_effigy%28tomb%29.jpg<br />Not long after he signed the Magna Carta, King John became very sick. <br />
  72. 72. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Image:King_John%27s_tomb.jpg<br />He died in 1216.<br />
  73. 73. Question: Why does King John look different in these pictures?<br />Answer: Nobody knows what he looked like! All of this art work is imaginative.<br />
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