Abraham Lincoln

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Abraham Lincoln

  1. 1. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/abrahamlincoln/
  2. 2. What do you know about Abraham Lincoln?•What was his family like?•Did he go to college?•What did he do before he became President?•What happened in our country during the time he was US President?
  3. 3. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/congestion/state_information/images/us_map.gif
  4. 4. http://www.abrahamlincoln200.org/uploadedImages/For_Kids_and_Young_Adults/Games/Lincoln%20Cabin%20copy.gifLincoln was born February 12, 1809,in Kentucky. Most historians believe this old cabin was not Lincoln’s actual house.
  5. 5. home.att.net/~rjnorton/Lincoln2.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Lincoln His parents were Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln.Thomas Lincoln was a religious man.He opposed slavery for religious and economic reasons.
  6. 6. http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/abraham-lincoln-birthplace-national-historic-site-1.jpg
  7. 7. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/23/Abraham_Lincoln_Birthplace_abli-ImageF.00001.jpeg
  8. 8. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/congestion/state_information/images/us_map.gif
  9. 9. http://z.about.com/d/history1800s/1/0/G/0/-/-/lincoln-reads-cabin.jpgLincoln loved learning but he did not have alot of time to go to school.He was a voracious reader and self-taught.
  10. 10. http://www.abelincoln.com/prints/images/5-20.jpg
  11. 11. http://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/YoungLincoln/ExhibitObjects/SumBook.aspx?Enlarge=true&ImageId=afb0 8967-0026-499c-a395-702c05615e21%3a2b965005-ac7e-4950-8b75-030db258841d%3a1&PersistentId=1%3aafb08967- 0026-499c-a395- 702c05615e21%3a4&ReturnUrl=%2fExhibitions%2flincoln%2fvignettes%2fYoungLincoln%2fExhibitObjects%2fSumBook.a spxEarly American “sum books” were old-fashionednotebooks. They were multiple pages stitchedtogether.Most sum books contained tables on weights andmeasures, percentages, fractions and rules ofmathematics.Shown here is one of ten surviving pages fromAbraham Lincoln‟s homemade student sum book.
  12. 12. http://www.abelincoln.com/ostendorf_positives/images/sc-13.jpgLincoln often said, "Everything I wantto know is in books.”Lincoln resting from his rail splittingchores, engaging in his favoritepastime...reading (circa 1830s)
  13. 13. http://www.abelincoln.com/prints/images/5-22.jpg His mother died when he was 9 years old. His father married Sarah Bush.This photograph of Sarah Bush Lincoln wastaken when she was an old woman.
  14. 14. http://www.abelincoln.com/ostendorf_positives/images/sc-01.jpg
  15. 15. http://www.abelincoln.com/prints/images/5-21.jpg
  16. 16. http://alhsalumni.tripod.com/index.htmWhat is a „railsplitter‟?
  17. 17. http://www.abelincoln.com/ostendorf_positives/images/sc-11.jpgYoung Abe Lincoln the rail-splitter in1830 as he chops out center of a split log. This is a rail.
  18. 18. http://blog.chicagohistory.org/index.php/2009/11/the-railsplitter/Young Abe Lincoln the rail-splitter in1830 as he chops out center of a split log.
  19. 19. http://z.about.com/d/history1800s/1/0/F/0/-/-/lincoln-railsplitting.jpg
  20. 20. http://www.artknowledgenews.com/Butler_Institute_of_American_Art.html
  21. 21. http://www.abelincoln.com/images/orginals/1-26_lg.jpg
  22. 22. http://www.abelincoln.com/ostendorf_positives/sc-15.htmlIn 1832, Lincoln was a ranger and a soldierduring the Black Hawk War.
  23. 23. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/congestion/state_information/images/us_map.gif
  24. 24. http://z.about.com/d/history1800s/1/0/H/0/-/-/lincoln-firsthome-ill.jpg
  25. 25. http://www.abelincoln.com/ostendorf_positives/images/sc-24.jpg
  26. 26. http://www.mrlincolnandfriends.org/photo_credits.asp?photoID=100Lincoln was the manager of this store in New Salem, Illinois.
  27. 27. http://www.abelincoln.com/ostendorf_positives/images/1-27.jpg
  28. 28. http://home.att.net/~rjnorton/Lincoln34.htmlAbraham Lincoln and Ann Rutledge
  29. 29. http://z.about.com/d/history1800s/1/0/H/0/-/-/lincoln-firsthome-ill.jpg http://www.statesymbolsusa.org/Illinois/Illinois-state-theater.html
  30. 30. http://www.abelincoln.com/ostendorf_positives/images/3-09.jpg
  31. 31. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/22925/22925-h/22925-h.htm People in New Salem respected Abraham Lincoln.He became interested in government and thought about becoming a state politician.
  32. 32. http://www.mrlincolnandfriends.org/photo_credits.asp?photoID=100Lincoln tried to win an election for a state government position in 1832 at age 23. He lost.He won his first election in 1834. This is the Illinois State Capital building in the city of Springfield.
  33. 33. a young Mary Todd Lincoln
  34. 34. When she was a teenager, Mary Todd lived in this house in Lexington, Kentucky.
  35. 35. Mary Todd
  36. 36. http://www.abelincoln.com/ostendorf_positives/images/3-09.jpg In July, 1834, Abraham Lincoln borrows law books from the office of John Todd Stuart. He became a lawyer in 1837.
  37. 37. http://www.globalgallery.com/enlarge/61065/
  38. 38. http://www.almanac.com/image/abraham-lincoln
  39. 39. Lincoln and Mary Todd broke theirengagement.For some time, Mary dated other men,including another Illinois politician, StephenDouglas.Later, Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd saweach other again.
  40. 40. from the Lincoln Family Bible http://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/YoungLincoln/ExhibitObjects/LincolnFamilyBible.aspx
  41. 41. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/h?pp/PPALL:@field%28NUMBER+@1%28cph+3g06189%29%29 a young Mary Todd Lincoln
  42. 42. http://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/EarlyCareer/ ExhibitObjects/CongressmanElectandMary.aspx?Enlarge=t rue&ImageId=c2fd7ca0-c76f-4cce-ab2e- a07cabae1fdb%3a7f8f8e61-ec87-4a73-b0e4- a71da3341575%3a1&PersistentId=1%3ac2fd7ca0-c76f- 4cce-ab2e- a07cabae1fdb%3a3&ReturnUrl=%2fExhibitions%2flincol n%2fvignettes%2fEarlyCareer%2fExhibitObjects%2fCong ressmanElectandMary.aspxThese companion daguerreotypesare the first-known photographicimages of Abraham and Mary ToddLincoln.They were reportedly made in 1846by Nicholas H. Shepherd shortlyafter Lincoln‟s election as a delegateto the U.S. House of Representatives.Shepherd also studied law at the lawoffice of Lincoln and Herndon.
  43. 43. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/h?pp/PPALL:@field%28NUMBER+@1%28cph+3g06189%29%29 a young Mary Todd LincolnMary said, "These are my two most precious pictures, taken when we were youngand so desperately in love."
  44. 44. http://home.att.net/~rjnorton/Lincoln67.htmlRobert Lincoln, Mary and Abraham Lincoln‟soldest child, was born in 1843, the year after theLincolns married.
  45. 45. ttp://home.att.net/~rjnorton/Lincoln66.htmlRobert Lincoln was the only Lincoln child wholived to adulthood.
  46. 46. http://americancivilwar.com/north/lincoln.htmlIn 1846, Lincoln became a national politician.He won election as Representative to Congress.He worked for the State of Illinois in the Capitalbuilding.He lived in Washington for 2 years.
  47. 47. http://home.att.net/~rjnorton/Lincoln67.htmlThat same year of 1846, Eddie,Mary and Abraham Lincoln‟ssecond son, was born. Eddie died in 1850, before Lincoln became president. He almost four years old.
  48. 48. http://www.abelincoln.com/ostendorf_positives/images/sc-14.jpgLincoln served one term in Congress.He returned to Springfield and worked as a„prairie lawyer.‟ Reading on his way to the next court session...1850
  49. 49. http://www.abelincoln.com/ostendorf_positives/images/sc-04.jpgMr. & Mrs. Lincoln as they might have looked in 1855.
  50. 50. In America, people moved west… http://historyforkids.utah.gov/fun_and_games/photos/images/picturestocolor/large/wagon_train_photo_large.jpg
  51. 51. Reason #1: cheap farm land.
  52. 52. Reason #2: GOLD!
  53. 53. Forty -niners
  54. 54. Forty -niners
  55. 55. http://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/TeamofRivals/ExhibitObjects/NorthandSouth1861.aspx?Enlarge=true&ImageId=79561e1b-12fa-4c1b-8c1d-213d8b93907b%3acc77ee60-f1b1-4f37-a804-a5648e473b3a%3a17&PersistentId=1%3a79561e1b-12fa-4c1b-8c1d-213d8b93907b%3a5&ReturnUrl=%2fExhibitions%2flincoln%2fvignettes%2fTeamofRivals%2fExhibitObjects%2fNorthandSouth1861.aspx Southern states and Northern states
  56. 56. http://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/TeamofRivals/ExhibitObjects/NorthandSouth1861.aspx?Enlarge=true&ImageId=79561e1b-12fa-4c1b-8c1d-213d8b93907b%3acc77ee60-f1b1-4f37-a804-a5648e473b3a%3a17&PersistentId=1%3a79561e1b-12fa-4c1b-8c1d-213d8b93907b%3a5&ReturnUrl=%2fExhibitions%2flincoln%2fvignettes%2fTeamofRivals%2fExhibitObjects%2fNorthandSouth1861.aspx
  57. 57. When more people moved west for gold or farmland, Americans could make newstates. Arguments began: Will the new states permit slaves or be free? “Bleeding Kansas” Why were they fighting?
  58. 58. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/lincolndouglas/slide01b.html
  59. 59. There was fighting in Congress.J. Magees famous political cartoon of Congressman Preston Brooks’ attack on Senator Charles Sumner.
  60. 60. Remember Stephen Douglas?In 1846, he became a US Senator inWashington, D.C. for the state of Illinois
  61. 61. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/lincolndouglas/index.htmlIn 1858, Lincoln challenged Stephen Douglas‟s position as Senator of Illinois.
  62. 62. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/lincolndouglas/slide04.htmlLincoln invited Douglas to debate around Illinois.
  63. 63. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/lincolndouglas/slide04.html Chicago Ills. July 24, 1858

Hon S. A. Douglas My Dear Sir Will it be agreeable to you to make an arrangement for you and myself to divide time and address the same audiences during the present canvass? Mr. Judd who will hand you this is authorized to receive your answer; and if agreeable to you to enter into the terms of such arrangement.

 Your Obt. Servt A. Lincoln

Delivered the original of which the above is a true copy to the Hon. S. A. Douglass at Chicago on the 24 July 1858 and received for answer that he would send me down an answer when he sent down his mail on Monday morning.
  64. 64. ttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lincoln_Douglas_Debates_1958_issue-4c.jpg
  65. 65. “It isthe right of the people to make aSlave Territory or a Free Territory.” ttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lincoln_Douglas_Debates_1958_issue-4c.jpg
  66. 66. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/lincolndouglas/slide03.html
  67. 67. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lincoln_Douglas_Debates_1958_issue-4c.jpg "A house divided against itself cannot stand.
  68. 68. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lincoln_Douglas_Debates_1958_issue-4c.jpg “I believe this government cannot endure, permanently, half slave and half free.
  69. 69. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lincoln_Douglas_Debates_1958_issue-4c.jpg “I do not expect the Union to be dissolved –I do not expect the house to fall– but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other.”
  70. 70. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lincoln_Douglas_Debates_1958_issue-4c.jpg "A house divided against itself cannot stand.
  71. 71. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lincoln_Douglas_Debates_1958_issue-4c.jpg What is „a house divided‟? Did Lincoln mean a real house?
  72. 72. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/lincolndouglas/slide09.htmlOctober 9, 1858
  73. 73. http://quincyslincolnbicentennial.com/html/lincoln.htmlLincoln lost the election for Illinois Senator,but he became famous after the debates.
  74. 74. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/lincolndouglas/slide13.htmlRepublicans asked him to try to win theelection to become President.Lincoln accepted the nomination.
  75. 75. http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/jala/21.1/guelzo.htmlPhotograph of Abraham Lincoln, May 20,1860, probably by Preston Butler
  76. 76. ttp://www.civilwar.si.edu/l_lincoln_bybrown.htmlPortrait of Abraham Lincoln from the PresidentialCampaign of 1860 by John Henry Brown.
  77. 77. http://www.historyplace.com/lincoln/lincpix/linc-2.jpgPortrait of Abraham Lincoln from the PresidentialCampaign of 1860 by Matthew Brady.
  78. 78. http://home.att.net/~rjnorton/Lincoln50.html Grace Bedell, age 14
  79. 79. ttp://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/CandidateLincoln/ExhibitObjects/GrowingWhiskers.aspx?Enlarge=true&ImageId=94aadc6a-9b31-4250-a977-594aa426ad7f%3af7a926ee- e8b1-4f39-9bc7-22b3d8b29915%3a5&PersistentId=1%3a94aadc6a-9b31-4250-a977- 594aa426ad7f%3a4&ReturnUrl=%2fExhibitions%2flincoln%2fvignettes%2fCandidateLincoln %2fExhibitObjects%2fGrowingWhiskers.aspx
  80. 80. ttp://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/CandidateLincoln/ExhibitObjects/GrowingWhiskers.aspx?Enlarge=true&ImageId=94aadc6a-9b31-4250-a977-594aa426ad7f%3af7a926ee- e8b1-4f39-9bc7-22b3d8b29915%3a5&PersistentId=1%3a94aadc6a-9b31-4250-a977- 594aa426ad7f%3a4&ReturnUrl=%2fExhibitions%2flincoln%2fvignettes%2fCandidateLincoln %2fExhibitObjects%2fGrowingWhiskers.aspx
  81. 81. ttp://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/CandidateLincoln/ExhibitObjects/ GrowingWhiskers.aspx?Enlarge=true&ImageId=94aadc6a-9b31-4250-a977- 594aa426ad7f%3af7a926ee-e8b1-4f39-9bc7- 22b3d8b29915%3a5&PersistentId=1%3a94aadc6a-9b31-4250-a977-594aa426ad7f%3a4&ReturnUrl=%2fExhibitions%2flincoln%2fvignettes%2fCandi dateLincoln%2fExhibitObjects%2fGrowingWhiskers.aspx
  82. 82. ttp://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/CandidateLincoln/ExhibitObjects/ GrowingWhiskers.aspx?Enlarge=true&ImageId=94aadc6a-9b31-4250-a977- 594aa426ad7f%3af7a926ee-e8b1-4f39-9bc7- 22b3d8b29915%3a5&PersistentId=1%3a94aadc6a-9b31-4250-a977-594aa426ad7f%3a4&ReturnUrl=%2fExhibitions%2flincoln%2fvignettes%2fCandi dateLincoln%2fExhibitObjects%2fGrowingWhiskers.aspx
  83. 83. http://home.att.net/~rjnorton/Lincoln50.htmlHon A B Lincoln Dear SirMy father has just home from the fair and brought home your picture and Mr. Hamlins. I am a little girl only 11 years old, but want you should be President of the United States very much so I hope you wont think me very bold to write to such a great man as you are. Have you any little girls about as large as I am if so give them my love and tell her to write to me if you cannot answer this letter. I have got 4 brothers and part of them will vote for you any way and if you let your whiskers grow I will try and get the rest of them to vote for you you would look a great deal better for your face is so thin. All the ladies like whiskers and they would tease their husbands to vote for you and then you would be President. My father is going to vote for you and if I was a man I would vote for you to but I will try to get every one to vote for you that I can I think that rail fence around your picture makes it look very pretty I have got a little baby sister she is nine weeks old and is just as cunning as can be. When you direct your letter direct to Grace Bedell Westfield Chatauque County New YorkI must not write any more answer this letter right off Good byeGrace Bedell
  84. 84. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/emancipation/slide01.htmlhttp://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/CandidateLincoln/ExhibitObjects/LincolnwithaBeard.aspx
  85. 85. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ElectoralCollege1860.svg
  86. 86. http://elections.harpweek.com/1860/cartoon-1860-Medium.asp?UniqueID=60&Year=1860
  87. 87. http://www.historynow.org/12_2005/interactive_slavery2.html
  88. 88. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/ emancipation/slide01.html
  89. 89. http://www.abelincoln.com/ostendorf_positives/images/sc-02.jpgMr. Lincoln returns home from themarket with his two younger boys,Willie and Tad. Mrs. Lincoln waits atthe front door of their house at Eighthand Jackson Streets in January, 1861.
  90. 90. The President-elect at Independence Hallin Philadelphia. http://www.sonofthesouth.net/slavery/abraham-lincoln/abraham-lincoln-biography.htm
  91. 91. The President-elect in February, 1861 http://www.sonofthesouth.net/slavery/abraham-lincoln/abraham-lincoln-biography.htm
  92. 92. Political cartoonist Thomas Nast reportedly made this sketch of Abraham Lincoln reading anewspaper in the Gentleman‟s Parlor of the Willard Hotel in one of the few relaxed moments thepresident-elect enjoyed during the week leading up to his inauguration. http://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/ArrivalinWashington/ExhibitObjects/InaugurationWeek.aspx?Enlarge=true&ImageId=f04c0bbd-b8bd-4dba-8d4f-911ff8c7e51a%3a00e60092-3b36-480c- ad84-ea1aceeb2f83%3a17&PersistentId=1%3af04c0bbd-b8bd-4dba-8d4f- 911ff8c7e51a%3a2&ReturnUrl=%2fExhibitions%2flincoln%2fvignettes%2fArrivalinWashington%2fExhibitObjects%2fInaugurationWeek.asp x
  93. 93. http://z.about.com/d/history1800s/1/0/R/3/-/-/1865-Lincoln-inaug01.jpg
  94. 94. http://spu.edu/info/images/lincoln-inaugural.jpg
  95. 95. March, 1861, after the Inauguration http://www.civilwar.si.edu/lincoln_m7.html
  96. 96. http://www.historynow.org/12_2005/interactive_slavery2.html
  97. 97. Balloon View of Washington http://www.mrlincolnswhitehouse.org/photo_credits.asp?photoID=350&subjectID=4&ID=4
  98. 98. Balloon View of Washington ttp://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1861/july/washington-dc-pictures.htm
  99. 99. The White House http://www.mrlincolnswhitehouse.org/photo_credits.asp?photoID=1527&subjectID=3&ID=3
  100. 100. The President and his Cabinet ttp://www.mrlincolnandfriends.org/photo_credits.asp?photoID=65
  101. 101. http://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/TeamofRivals/ExhibitObjects/NorthandSouth1861.aspx?Enlarge=true&ImageId=79561e1b-12fa-4c1b-8c1d-213d8b93907b%3acc77ee60-f1b1-4f37-a804-a5648e473b3a%3a17&PersistentId=1%3a79561e1b-12fa-4c1b-8c1d-213d8b93907b%3a5&ReturnUrl=%2fExhibitions%2flincoln%2fvignettes%2fTeamofRivals%2fExhibitObjects%2fNorthandSouth1861.aspxThis map shows that Southern states had more land, which suggests they might have held the advantage during the Civil War.However, Maryland and Delaware supported the Union, as did most citizens living in western Virginia and easternTennessee.Also, the North had an economic advantage: more people, factories and banks were in the North.
  102. 102. http://joecampbell.org/flags/images/United%20States%2034%20Star%20Flag%201861-1863.gifApril 15, 1861: South Carolina decides to secede from the USA.Soon, other states secede, too. Secede = quitMany southern states secede and form a new country, the Confederate States of America.
  103. 103. The Union capital: Washington, D.C leader: President Abraham Lincoln uniform: blue colors currency: American dollarsThe Confederacy capital: Richmond, Virginia leader: President Jefferson Davis uniform: gray colors currency: Confederate dollars
  104. 104. The Union The Confederacy
  105. 105. The Union The Confederacy
  106. 106. The Union The Confederacy
  107. 107. The Union The ConfederacyAbraham Lincoln 16th President of Jefferson Davis, 1st President ofthe Union. the Confederacy.
  108. 108. U. S. Grant, military leader Robert E. Lee, military leader The Union The ConfederacyPresident U. S. Grant, 1869 -1877 In 1869, Grant became the 18th U.S. President.
  109. 109. The Union The Confederacy
  110. 110. http://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/TeamofRivals/ExhibitObjects/NorthandSouth1861.aspx?Enlarge=true&ImageId=79561e1b-12fa-4c1b-8c1d-213d8b93907b%3acc77ee60-f1b1-4f37-a804-a5648e473b3a%3a17&PersistentId=1%3a79561e1b-12fa-4c1b-8c1d-213d8b93907b%3a5&ReturnUrl=%2fExhibitions%2flincoln%2fvignettes%2fTeamofRivals%2fExhibitObjects%2fNorthandSouth1861.aspx the Confederacy the Union = the Rebels = Yankees CSA USA
  111. 111. States that seceded before April 15, 1861States that seceded after April 15, 1861 secede = quit.Union states that permitted slaveryUnion states that forbade slaveryTerritories, unaffiliated ttp://www.mrlincolnandfriends.org/photo_credits.asp?photoID=65
  112. 112. States that seceded before April 15, 1861States that seceded after April 15, 1861 secede = quit.Union states that permitted slaveryUnion states that forbade slaveryTerritories, unaffiliated ttp://www.mrlincolnandfriends.org/photo_credits.asp?photoID=65
  113. 113. Battle of Fort Sumter, South Carolina http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bombardment_of_Fort_Sumter,_1861.png
  114. 114. The Civil War lasted five years. It is the bloodiest war in US history. About 700,000 people died.They were killed inbattles or they died from disease.
  115. 115. Civil War Battleshttps://os8thsoth.wikispaces.com/file/view/535px-American_Civil_War_Battles_by_Theater,_Year.png/34202807/535px-American_Civil_War_Battles_by_Theater,_Year.png
  116. 116. http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/books/2008/01/21/080121crbo_books_gopnik
  117. 117. http://aam.govst.edu/projects/rthompson/images/dead%20civil%20war.jpg
  118. 118. https://www.countway.harvard.edu/chm/rarebooks/exhibits/stones/stones3.html
  119. 119. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/I?fsaall,brum,detr,swann,look,gottscho,pan,horyd,genthe,var,cai,cd,hh,yan,lomax,ils,prok,brhc,nclc,matpc,iucpub,tgmi,lamb,hec,krb,:1:./temp/~pp_5cqZ::displayType=1:m856sd=cwpb:m856sf=04326:@@@mdb=fsaall,brum,detr,swann,look,gottscho,pan,horyd,genthe,var,cai,cd,hh,yan,lomax,ils,prok,brhc,nclc,matpc,iucpub,tgmi,lamb,hec,krb,
  120. 120. http://mrlincolnswhitehouse.org/content_inside.asp?ID=23&subjectID=2 Emily Todd Helm: • sister of the First Lady, Mary Todd. • wife of Confederate General Benjamin Helm.
  121. 121. Mary Todd Lincoln in the White House.
  122. 122. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=lprbscsm&fileName=scsm0879/lprbscsmscsm0879.db&recNum=0&itemLink=r?ammem/scsmbib:@field%28DOCID+@lit%28scsm000879%29%29
  123. 123. http://www.physical-lincoln.com/wiki/Image:M61x3-v1.jpg
  124. 124. http://www.philaprintshop.com/images/hohenlinc.jpg
  125. 125. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=lprbscsm&fileName=scsm0687/lprbscsmscsm0687.db&recNum=0&itemLink=r?ammem/scsmbib:@field%28DOCID+@lit%28scsm000687%29%29
  126. 126. Abraham Lincoln & Mary ToddLincoln greeting Union generals,Cabinet members and others at areception in the White House.Hand-colored lithograph by John Smith, Philadelphia, 1865.
  127. 127. http://www.physical-lincoln.com/wiki/Image:M60k1-v1.jpg Mary Lincoln and her youngest sons, Willie and Tad.
  128. 128. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Wallace_LincolnWilliam Lincoln.His parents called him „Willie.‟
  129. 129. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAlincolnW.htm
  130. 130. http://dcpages.com/Events/Holidays/Halloween/Abraham_Lincoln.shtmlWillie Lincoln, third born, died shortly afterhis 11th birthday.
  131. 131. Mary Todd Lincoln after the death of her son Willie in 1862.
  132. 132. http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1865/president-abraham-lincoln-abe.jpgThe president and his son,Thomas.
  133. 133. http://home.att.net/~rjnorton2/tad3.htmlHis parents called him “Tad.”
  134. 134. http://stltoday.mycapture.com/mycapture/enlarge.asp?image=21144389&event=630929&CategoryID=38577&picnum=2&move=B#Image Tad Lincoln rides one of his two ponies. (White House Historical Association)
  135. 135. http://dcpages.com/Events/Holidays/Halloween/Abraham_Lincoln.shtmlTad Lincoln and his father near the time of his death.
  136. 136. http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1865/president-abraham-lincoln-abe.jpg
  137. 137. http://www.philaprintshop.com/images/cur4882.jpg
  138. 138. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tad_Lincoln_in_uniform.jpg
  139. 139. Robert Todd Lincoln http://mredlincolnalbum.blogspot.com/
  140. 140. http://fun.familyeducation.com/slideshow/presidents/61488.htmlRobert was the only one of Mary and AbrahamLincoln‟s children to reach adulthood.Robert witnessed the assassinations of threepresidents--Lincoln, Garfield, and McKinley.Following McKinleys shooting, Robert later refusedto attend any functions involving U.S. presidents outof concern that he brought bad luck to them.
  141. 141. Frederick Douglass Appealing to President Lincoln by William EdouardScott http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:W_E_Scott1.jpghttp://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/emancipation_proclamation/images/emancipation_01.jpg
  142. 142. In July, 1862, President Lincoln prepared adocument called theEmancipation Proclamation. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/emancipation_proclamation/images/emancipation_01.jpg
  143. 143. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/emancipation_proclamation/images/emancipation_01.jpg
  144. 144. http://gilderlehrman.pastperfect-online.com/33267cgi/mweb.exe?request=image&hex=GLC00742-4.jpg
  145. 145. ”…all persons held as slaves"within the rebellious states "are,now and henceforward shall be free." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:EmancipationProclamation.jpg a copy of the Emancipation Proclamation
  146. 146. The Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in thehttps://sites.google.com/site/lathropapusrevew/civil-war-reconstruction-1860-1877 red states.
  147. 147. tp://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/art/artifact/Painting_33_00005.htmFirst Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation in January 1863 "I never, in my life, felt more certain that I was doing right, than I do in signing this paper."
  148. 148. http://www.learnnc.org/lp/media/uploads/2009/07/emancipation.jpg
  149. 149. "Writing the Emancipation Proclamation" was a political cartoon created by a Confederate sympathizer.The artist depicts Lincoln writing the Proclamation with ink from a well held by the devil, while stepping on the Constitution.On the walls are pictures of the bloody slave uprising in Haiti in the 1790s, and radical abolitionist John Brown‟s violence inKansas in the 1850s.http://www.gilderlehrman.org/http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/imag es/at0005_3s.jpg
  150. 150. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/emancipation/slide08.htmlLincoln writing the Emancipation Proclamation
  151. 151. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/emancipation/slide08.htmlA print based on David Gilmour Blythes fanciful painting of Lincoln writing the Emancipation Proclamation.Contrary to the title, the proclamation was issued in 1862 and went into effect in January 1863. In a cluttered studyLincoln sits in shirtsleeves and slippers, at work on the document near an open window. His left hand is placed on aBible that rests on a copy of the Constitution in his lap. The scene is crammed with symbolic details and othermeaningful references. A bust of Lincolns strongly Unionist predecessor Andrew Jackson sits on a mantlepiece nearthe window at Lincolns right. A bust of another former President, James Buchanan, who was widely viewed asineffectual against secessionism, hangs by a rope around its neck from a bookcase behind Lincoln. The scales ofjustice appear in the left corner, and a railsplitters maul lies on the floor at Lincolns feet.
  152. 152. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stephens-reading-proclamation-1863.jpegReading the Emancipation Proclamation
  153. 153. A Union soldier reading the Emancipation Proclamation George EastmanHouse/Getty Images
  154. 154. http://www.abrahamlincolnsclassroom.org/Cartoon_Corner/index3.asp?ID=242&TypeID=5
  155. 155. http://housedivided.dickinson.edu/grandreview/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/HD_4USCinfantryDetail.preview.jpg http://www.abrahamlincolnsclassroom.org/Cartoon_Corner/index3.asp?ID=242&TypeID=5
  156. 156. http://history.howstuffworks.com/american-civil-war/lincoln-emancipation-proclamation5.htm Francis Miller//Time Life Pictures/Getty ImagesAn ex-slave reads the Emancipation Proclamation in 1947.
  157. 157. In 1863, the Union army won an important battle in Gettysburgh, PA. Lincoln returned to Gettysburg in November, 1863, to make a speech honoringsoldiers who died.In 1863 Gettysburgh
  158. 158. http://media.smithsonianmag.com/images/presence_lincoln_oct08_388.jpg
  159. 159. http://www.museumsyndicate.com/item.php?item=8827
  160. 160. http://www.gilderlehrman.org/collection/online/emancipation/slide13.htmll
  161. 161. http://www.abrahamlincolnsclassroom.org/Cartoon_Corner/index3.asp?ID=197&TypeID=5President Lincoln getsa valentine.
  162. 162. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirteenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_ConstitutionOn February 1, 1865, AbrahamLincoln approved the 13thAmendment to the Constitution:Section 1. Neither slavery norinvoluntary servitude, except as apunishment for crime whereof the partyshall have been duly convicted, shallexist within the United States, or anyplace subject to their jurisdiction.Section 2. Congress shall have power toenforce this article by appropriatelegislation
  163. 163. http://www.historynow.org/12_2005/interactive_politics6.html
  164. 164. http://www.historynow.org/12_2005/interactive_politics6.html
  165. 165. http://www.digitaldocsinabox.org/images/PresidentialInaugurations/lincoln_oath.htmlLincoln taking the oath at his secondinauguration, March 4, 1865.
  166. 166. http://www.loc.gov/blog/?p=410Lincoln‟s bible.
  167. 167. http://i158.photobucket.com/albums/t119/todaysgold/InaugurationObamaOath_1.jpgPresident Obama‟s inauguration,January, 2009.
  168. 168. Abraham Lincoln Entering Richmond, April 3, 1865 (B.B. Russell & Co., Boston, 1866, GLC 05866)On Sunday, April 2, 1865, Abraham Lincoln heard that the Union army captured Richmond,Virginia, the Confederate capital.This engraving shows Lincoln and his son Tad visiting Richmond.African American men, women, and children rejoice around him. http://www.historynow.org/12_2005/interactive_war6.html
  169. 169. The last known high-quality photograph of Lincoln, taken March 1865. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lincoln-Warren-1865-03-06.jpeg
  170. 170. On April 14, 1865, President and Mrs. Lincoln went to thetheater to see a comedy. http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/trm012.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lincoln-Warren-1865-03-06.jpeg
  171. 171. http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1865/assasssination-abraham-lincoln.htm
  172. 172. http://z.about.com/d/history1800s/1/0/H/0/-/-/lincoln-firsthome-ill.jpg
  173. 173. http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1865/April/booth-killing-lincoln.htm
  174. 174. http://www.topicsites.com/abraham-lincoln/assassination.htm
  175. 175. http://scoop.diamondgalleries.com/public/news_images/4/52544_117651_1.jpg
  176. 176. http://www.chicagohistory.org/wetwithblood/bloody/cloak/cloak2.htm
  177. 177. http://www.chicagohistory.org/wetwithblood/bloody/cloak/cloak2.htm
  178. 178. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=lprbscsm&fileName=scsm0354/lprbscsmscsm0354.db&recNum=0&itemLink=r?ammem/scsmbib:@field%28DOCID+@lit%28scsm000354%29%29
  179. 179. http://www.civilwar.si.edu/l_lincoln_assassination.html
  180. 180. http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1865/April/booth-killing-lincoln.htm
  181. 181. http://www.mrlincolnswhitehouse.org/assassination/indexB .html
  182. 182. http://www.historydc.org/onlineexhibit/LincolnsWashington/Mr.%20Lincoln%27s%20Assassination%202.aspPeterson House, where Lincoln wastaken after he was shot, ca. 1910-1920
  183. 183. http://washington.dukegill.com/petersonhouse.htm This house is a museum today.
  184. 184. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/eyewitness/assets/html/html-zoom.php?image=13.3&keepThis=true&TB_iframe=true&height=350&width=720
  185. 185. http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1865/April/death-bed-abraham-lincoln.htm
  186. 186. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=lprbscsm&fileName=scsm0355/lprbscsmscsm0355.db&recNum=0&itemLink=r?ammem/scsmbib:@field%28DOCID+@lit%28scsm000355%29%29
  187. 187. http://z.about.com/d/history1800s/1/0/p/0/-/-/Lincoln-deathbed01.jpg
  188. 188. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_C2vvRlOtkLc/SjutKOEwbsI/AAAAAAAAB3c/5Audh1bi64A/s1600-h/c1501.jpg
  189. 189. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_C2vvRlOtkLc/SjuzwVtR2YI/AAAAAAAAB4c/JuKDN4hcV2w/s1600-h/jjj6131.jpg
  190. 190. http://lisawallerrogers.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/death-bed-of-lincoln.jpg
  191. 191. http://www.topfoto.co.uk/gallery/granger/images/prevs/gr0056847_H.jpg
  192. 192. http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/fimage/lincolnimages/browne711.jpg
  193. 193. http://www.lincolnlogcabin.org/education-kits/Abraham-Lincoln-Lesson-Plans/PrimarySources/Lesson-7/74.jpg
  194. 194. http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/eyewitness/assets/html/html-zoom.php?image=13.3&keepThis=true&TB_iframe=true&height=350&width=720
  195. 195. http://americangallery.files.wordpress.com/2010/01/small_the-death-of-lincoln.jpg
  196. 196. Cloak attributed to Mary Todd Lincoln, 1865 http://www.chicagohistory.org/wetwithblood/bloody/cloak/index.htm
  197. 197. http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1865/April/abraham-lincoln-coffin.htm
  198. 198. http://www.philaprintshop.com/images/effuneralcar.jpgLincoln‟s funeral train traveled through 180 cities in seven states.
  199. 199. http://www.philaprintshop.com/images/effuneralcar.jpgThe route of Lincoln‟s funeral train.
  200. 200. http://www.philaprintshop.com/images/effuneralcar.jpgAbraham Lincolns funeral in New York City. It shows Lincolns Coffin proceeding down the street in asomber horse drawn funeral car. The body was on its way to the train station.
  201. 201. http://www.philaprintshop.com/images/effuneralcar.jpg
  202. 202. http://www.philaprintshop.com/images/effuneralcar.jpg
  203. 203. http://lincolnat200.org/exhibits/show/nowhebelongs/memory/apotheosis
  204. 204. http://www.philaprintshop.com/images/ferriswashlinccvd.jpg
  205. 205. Wanted Poster http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:John_Wilkes_Booth_wanted_poster_colour.png
  206. 206. http://www.mrlincolnswhitehouse.org/assassination/indexC .html
  207. 207. The police found John Wilkes Booth hiding in a barn in Virginia.The police killed Booth during a gunfight. http://www.history.com/content/civilwar/the-hunt-for-john-wilkes-booth/hunt-for-john-wilkes-booth
  208. 208. The capture of the assassin John Wilkes Booth. http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1865/May/john-wilkes-booth-death.htm
  209. 209. Conspirators of Lincoln‟s assassination. http://www.history.com/content/civilwar/the-hunt-for-john-wilkes-booth/the-conspiracy-death-of-president-abraham-lincoln
  210. 210. Adjusting the ropes for hanging the conspirators.
  211. 211. Mary Todd Lincoln after the death of her husband
  212. 212. http://www.physical-lincoln.com/wiki/Image:M62y1-v1.jpg
  213. 213. http://www.physical-lincoln.com/wiki/Image:M62y1-v1.jpg
  214. 214. http://dcpages.com/Events/Holidays/Halloween/Abraham_Lincoln.shtmlRobert Lincoln was 22 years old at the time of his fathers assassination.
  215. 215. Thomas Lincoln and his other moved back to Illinoisafter Lincoln died. They lived in Chicago.He died when he was about 18 years old. Somehistorians thinks he had a heart attack.
  216. 216. Lincoln‟s portrait hangs in the State DiningRoom of the White House.http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:George_W._Bush_and_Lincoln.jpg
  217. 217. Lincoln‟s portrait hangs in the State DiningRoom of the White House.http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:George_W._Bush_and_Lincoln.jpg
  218. 218. The Lincoln Memorial was dedicated in 1922.http://www.phys.ufl.edu/~tschoy/photos/CherryBlossom/Lincoln_Memorial.jpg
  219. 219. The Lincoln Memorial was dedicated in 1922.Chief Justice (and former President) William H. Taft 1857-1930, President Warren G.Harding 1865-1923, Robert Lincoln 1843-1926.Chief Justice (ex Pres) William H. Taft 1857-1930, President Warren G. Harding 1865-1923, Robert Lincoln 1843-1926.
  220. 220. http://abelincoln.com/2009_bicentennial_poster.html
  221. 221. Assessment: You must write an essay. Five paragraphs are required. You must follow this format: q death of children¶1: Summarize Lincoln‟s biography q poverty (5 sentences) q the Civil War and Lincoln’s * family¶ 2: Describe a conflict or problem in Lincoln‟s life. (5 sentences)¶3: How was Lincoln an important influence for African Americans?* (5 sentences) q his poor¶4: Describe a memorable part of Lincoln‟s life. * childhood (5 sentences) q his education q his¶5: Conclusion assassination (2 sentences) q his family q The Emancipation Proclamation q The 13th Amendment to the Constitution q The Union army fighting for freedom q ‘The House Divided’ speech

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