The Victorians Pre 1914


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The Victorians Pre 1914

  1. 1. The Victorians 1837-1901
  2. 2. Victorian England <ul><li>The Victorian era was and age when English society was deeply religious, and superstitious. </li></ul><ul><li>A great number of people were habitual church-goers, at least once a week and probably twice, every Sunday. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bible was frequently and widely read by people of every class; so too were religious stories and allegories. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet towards the end of Queen Victoria's sixty three year reign, 1837-1901 the hold of organized religion upon the English people began to ease. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Social Class <ul><li>Working class - men and women who performed physical labour, paid daily or weekly wages </li></ul><ul><li>Middle class - men performed mental or &quot;clean&quot; work, paid monthly or annually </li></ul><ul><li>Upper class - did not work, income came from inherited land and investments </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Britain became the most powerful and richest country in the world, with the largest empire that had ever existed, ruling a quarter of the world's population. </li></ul><ul><li>The number of people living in Britain more than doubled from 16 million to 37 million, causing a huge demand for food, clothes and housing. </li></ul><ul><li>Factories and machines were built to meet this demand as new towns grew up, changing the landscape and the ways people lived and worked. </li></ul><ul><li>Railways , originally built to transport goods, meant people could travel easily around the country for the first time. </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers were at war all over the world especially in 1850 - 1880. </li></ul><ul><li>Seaside holidays were 'invented' (became popular). </li></ul><ul><li>Police Force 'invented'. </li></ul><ul><li>At the beginning of the Victorian period crossing the Atlantic took up to eight weeks. By 1901 it took about a week. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why are the Victorians so famous? <ul><li>Britain managed to build a huge empire during the Victorian period. It was also a time of tremendous change in the lives of British people. In 1837 most people lived in villages and worked on the land; by 1901, most lived in towns and worked in offices, shops and factories . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Family Unity Social Rank & Class Structure Marriage was sacred Strong sense Of Religion and the church Codes of respectability Self discipline/ standards of public behaviour Cleanliness was next to Godliness Clear gender expectation Victorian Britain 1837-1901
  7. 7. Gender Roles/ Middle class ideals <ul><li>Female </li></ul><ul><li>The woman’s natural place was believed to be in the home carrying out domestic duties. </li></ul><ul><li>She was expected to display deep devotions to God and these values were to be installed into her children. </li></ul><ul><li>Respect and obey her husband. </li></ul><ul><li>Male </li></ul><ul><li>Up hold family name/ and reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Code of respectability </li></ul><ul><li>Social rank/wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Political awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Protect and financially support his wife and family. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The young Queen