⇒A sacrament is an __________________ sign, instituted by _______________ to
⇒Sacraments are visible forms of invisible grace.
⇒Grace is a share of God’s own life and love within us.
•Sanctifying grace is the new life
received in sacraments
•Actual grace comes from prayer
and sacramentals. Actual grace gives us strength
to live a moral life as a follower of Christ.
⇒Sacraments always give grace when we receive
them with the right __________________.
⇒Sacraments are symbolic actions which celebrate
the coming of the Spirit at special moments in the life
of the community of faith.
They express the Church’s faith and interaction with Christ.
⇒In the Catholic tradition, there are seven sacraments: Baptism,
Confirmation, Eucharist, Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick,
Matrimony, and Holy Orders
=> There are three types of sacraments: Initiation, Healing and Vocation
Catechism – the teaching of the principles of Christianity
Catechumen – a person who is studying the Christian faith; one who is
preparing to receive the sacraments of initiation.
CCD – Confraternity of Christian Doctrine – a religious education
program for children
Chrism – sacred oil used in the sacraments; the blessing of the oils and
consecration of chrism takes place on Holy Thursday.
Doctrine – the teachings of the Church
Dogma – core beliefs of the faith that must always be upheld
Mystagogia – a time of deep study and reflection on the mysteries of our
faith; study of the scriptures and sacraments; the last stage of RCIA
RCIA – The Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults
Rite – a form of ceremony that has standard (usual) symbols, words and
actions. (a ceremony done the same way each time)
•BAPTISM gives new life, frees us from sin, and makes us members of
⇒RITE of Baptism: The priest or deacon pours water over the head of
the person being baptized as he prays, “I baptize you in the name of the
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”
⇒A godparent or sponsor is present as an example of faith. He or she
renews their own baptismal promises
^ Mark 1:9-11 & Matthew 28:19
•CONFIRMATION strengthens new life we received at Baptism and
makes us living witnesses of Jesus in the world. In Confirmation, the Holy
Spirit comes to us again in a special way.
=> RITE of Confirmation: The bishop lays his hands on the head of the
person being confirmed. He anoints the forehead with chrism (holy oil) and
prays: “Be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit.”
^ACTS 1:1-5 & ACTS 2 :1-4
EUCHARIST celebrates the real presence
of Jesus’ Body and Blood under the consecrated
species of bread and wine
⇒Eucharist is the central celebration of the Church
and our greatest act of worship
⇒The word Eucharist means “thanksgiving”
⇒The EUCHARISTIC RITE takes place
during the celebration of Mass
⇒The Liturgy of the Eucharist includes the
Eucharistic Prayer, consecration,
and the Communion Rite
⇒The priest or Eucharistic Minister proclaims,
“The Body of Christ”
⇒The recipient responds, “Amen”,
which means “it is so”
^Mt.26:26-29/Mk 14:22-25/Lk 22:14-
•Benediction – a blessing of the congregation with the Host
•Blessed Sacrament – the Eucharist
•Communion – “sharing” – the moment during Mass when we share the
•Consecration – the blessing which changes the bread and wine into the Body
and Blood of Jesus (v=consecrate)
•Sanctuary – the area in the church surrounding the altar
•Tabernacle – the place in Church where the Blessed Sacrament is kept
•Transubstantiation – the sacred mystery by which bread and wine are changed
into the real presence of Christ