Behaviorism By: Melissa, Alyssa, Kelly, Ana, Satina B. Bridget
What is Behaviorism?• This theory is the prediction and control of human behavior in which introspection and/or independent thinking play no essential part of its teaching methods• Behaviorists see no dividing line between man and animal
Key People• Ivan Pavlov o Behavioral experiments with dogs o Classic Conditioning - natural reflex that occurs in response to a stimulus• B.F. Skinner o Operant Conditioning- learning in which behavior is shaped through reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns o Used Pigeons
Key People Continued• Albert Bandura o Social Learning o Focus on motivational factors and self-regulatory mechanisms o Believed in Observational modeling- watching something and then mimicking the observed behavior
Key Points• Behaviorism does not take internal or mental factors into account, only external behavior.• The theory revolves around the idea that any and all behavior can be explained and influenced in terms of rewards and punishments.• Operant Conditioning: Ones behavior can be influenced by the consequences of that behavior. If the behavior is rewarded, it will increase. If the behavior is punished, it will decrease.
What the Teacher does?• In the Behaviorist classroom a teacher will use a reinforcement or reward to get students involved.Example: Mrs. G asks the class, "Who is the President?" and whoever answers gets a Snickers.• Offering rewards for a child such as candy or a better grade gets the child interested in the subject.• They have extrinsic goals, they study harder in order to earn a better grade not because they enjoy studying.
Technology• Technology is used as a fast reward.• Students who answer questions online receive immediate feedback.• When the answer is correct a student gets a positive response, either verbally or visually on the computer.• They can also see this when playing games on the computer through the music and getting on to the next level in a game.
What the Students Do?• As we have seen before, Behaviorism can be thought of as a form of classroom management.• Behaviorists believe that if teachers provide positive reinforcement, or rewards, whenever students perform a desired behavior, they will learn to perform the behavior on their own.
What the Students Do Continued..For example: As we saw on previous slides Mrs. G given a snicker to the student that response the answer. Next time Mrs. G will have more students trying to answer the question as they want to be rewarded too.• Students like to be recognize and reward for all of good action they have done.
Behaviorism in the Terms of Our Own Teaching• Behaviorism in the class receives almost instant gratification to the student who is showing desired behavior which makes it very useful in teaching.• This method of teaching is apparent in almost all classroom environments, from tickets earned for good behavior used to purchase things in a school store to extra time on a computer for completing an assignment with time to spare.• The best part is that students dont realize they are being coerced to become better students academically and socially. They enjoy this type of learning environment.
Behaviorism in the Terms of Our Own Teaching Cont..• Parents also enjoy knowing their child is being rewarded for excellence in the classroom. A parent can become prideful when their child earned 30 tickets that month and purchased a reward with it on their own.• The student will brag of their performance at home.• This kind of reward system can also second as an evaluation to see which students are understanding the content being taught and their classroom involvement.
ReferencesLearning Theories Knowledgebase (2012, November).Behaviorism at Learning-Theories.com. RetrievedNovember 16th, 2012 from http://www.learning-theories.com/behaviorism.htmlShelly, G.B., Gunter, G.A., & Guter,R.E.(2012).Teachers discovering computers integratingtechnology in a connected world. Boston:CourseTechnology, Cengage Learning.Sadker, D. M.,& Zittleman,K. R.(2012). Teachers,schools& society brief introduction to education. United States:McGraw-Hill Companies.
Image SourcesIvan Pavlov.Wikipedia. Retreved November 17, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_PavlovB. F. Skinner.Wikipedia.Retreved November 17,2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B._F._SkinnerBoeree,C.G.(1998).Albert Bandura.Personality Theories.Retreved November 17, 2012, from http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/perscontents.htmlClassroom Clipart. Retrieved November 17,2012, from http://classroomclipart.com