Thinking about the selection: Interpreting1. The “nameless” refers to the essence and origin of all things. It is nameless because it cannot be described in words. The “named” refers to the visible, tangible aspects of reality.
Thinking about the selection: Interpreting2. He stressed the values of austerity, virtue, and a laissez faire government, all of which should conform to the natural order of society.OrHe suggests that people free of desire will not develop greed and thus will not harm others.
Thinking about the selection: Interpreting3. These images are meant to illustrate the principle of moderation in all aspects of human behavior.
Thinking about the selection: Interpreting4. He essentially advocates passive behavior that conforms to the principles of natural order.
Analyzing literature: Understanding Taoism1. He used terse, ambiguous language to suggest in words that which words cannot describe.
Analyzing literature: Understanding Taoism2. 1) Everything in the universe has a Tao, or natural way2) Spiritual knowledge and social tranquility can be gained by doing nothing contrary to the Tao 3) The Tao has two aspects, that which is tangible and that which remains unknown to the senses
Analyzing literature: Understanding Taoism3. The book is written in a deliberately cryptic, terse style that is difficult to understand and thus remains open to many varying interpretations. It emphasizes poetry over logic.