Judaism

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Judaism

  1. 1. Judaism: Do Now: 2minutesWrite down 8 things you learnedfrom the video.
  2. 2. Who is Jewish?• Ethnicity• Faith• Culture• Self-identification
  3. 3. Unifying featureBelief in the ONENESS of God who worksthrough HISTORY and who has CHOSENthe Jewish people
  4. 4. Today14 million JewsMany are non-practicing
  5. 5. Story of God’s acts through historyAbranham These are the father of patriachs.Isaac They were nomads, following flocks. father ofJacob father ofTwelve Sons
  6. 6. StoriesNo systematic presentation of beliefs.Stories that said: Worship ONE GOD withburned animal sacrifices.
  7. 7. Heart of Jewish StoryExodusEnd of Genesis – Abraham’s descendantswere slaves Exodus – story of Moses, leading people outof slavery toward becoming a nation
  8. 8. Sinai and the Law Ten CommandmentsFocused on - Obedience and loyalty to God - How to treat othersJudaism became a religion of law. Jews werepeople who were obedient.
  9. 9. After SinaiIsraelites conquer Canaan.
  10. 10. Hebrew MonarchyKing David 1) Israel became a miliary power 2) Wanted to rebuild temple (Solomon did)
  11. 11. Exile and ReturnNorthern - Isael enslaved and disappearedSouthern – Judah take captive, but kept identity
  12. 12. Diaspora - scattering Babylon Persia Egypt
  13. 13. Once out of Israel, Jews had tochange Synagogue Scripture = Torah 10 adult males
  14. 14. Rabbi (religious leader) study scripture teach community debated how to interpret and apply laws
  15. 15. Jews lived apart no work on the sabbath keep kosher dietary laws
  16. 16. At time of diaspora -hope for a messiah to re-establish thekingdom
  17. 17. Jewish Scripture - TanakT – Torah (Law)AN – Neviim (prohphets)AK – Ketuvim (writings)
  18. 18. Other writingsRabbis wrote interpretation of law - Talmud - Mishnah - Gemara (analysis of Mishnah)
  19. 19. Kabbalah Mystical Judaism Not widely practiced Writing = book of Zohar
  20. 20. Four major beliefs One one God
  21. 21. Four major beliefs This God has chosen only the Jews to be his people on earth
  22. 22. Four major beliefs God’s choice of the Jews in an expression of love, but also a call to obedience of the law
  23. 23. Four major beliefs Special reward – eternity Gentiltes, too – for living right

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