Judaism
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Judaism

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Judaism Judaism Presentation Transcript

  • Judaism: Do Now: 2minutesWrite down 8 things you learnedfrom the video.
  • Who is Jewish?• Ethnicity• Faith• Culture• Self-identification
  • Unifying featureBelief in the ONENESS of God who worksthrough HISTORY and who has CHOSENthe Jewish people
  • Today14 million JewsMany are non-practicing
  • Story of God’s acts through historyAbranham These are the father of patriachs.Isaac They were nomads, following flocks. father ofJacob father ofTwelve Sons
  • StoriesNo systematic presentation of beliefs.Stories that said: Worship ONE GOD withburned animal sacrifices.
  • Heart of Jewish StoryExodusEnd of Genesis – Abraham’s descendantswere slaves Exodus – story of Moses, leading people outof slavery toward becoming a nation
  • Sinai and the Law Ten CommandmentsFocused on - Obedience and loyalty to God - How to treat othersJudaism became a religion of law. Jews werepeople who were obedient.
  • After SinaiIsraelites conquer Canaan.
  • Hebrew MonarchyKing David 1) Israel became a miliary power 2) Wanted to rebuild temple (Solomon did)
  • Exile and ReturnNorthern - Isael enslaved and disappearedSouthern – Judah take captive, but kept identity
  • Diaspora - scattering Babylon Persia Egypt
  • Once out of Israel, Jews had tochange Synagogue Scripture = Torah 10 adult males
  • Rabbi (religious leader) study scripture teach community debated how to interpret and apply laws
  • Jews lived apart no work on the sabbath keep kosher dietary laws
  • At time of diaspora -hope for a messiah to re-establish thekingdom
  • Jewish Scripture - TanakT – Torah (Law)AN – Neviim (prohphets)AK – Ketuvim (writings)
  • Other writingsRabbis wrote interpretation of law - Talmud - Mishnah - Gemara (analysis of Mishnah)
  • Kabbalah Mystical Judaism Not widely practiced Writing = book of Zohar
  • Four major beliefs One one God
  • Four major beliefs This God has chosen only the Jews to be his people on earth
  • Four major beliefs God’s choice of the Jews in an expression of love, but also a call to obedience of the law
  • Four major beliefs Special reward – eternity Gentiltes, too – for living right