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  • 1. freedom and responsibility spectrum
  • 2. freedom and responsibility spectrum
    No one is ever free;
    responsibility is impossible
    Everyone is always free; responsibility is unavaoidable.
  • 3. freedom and responsibility spectrum
    Soft determinism
    No one is ever free;
    responsibility is impossible
    Everyone is always free; responsibility is unavaoidable.
  • 4. freedom and responsibility spectrum
    Soft determinism: human actions are not fully caused.
    There can be no freedom without determinism.
    Responsibility related to degree of control of individual.
    Avoidable acts are free. Unavoidable are not free.
    Cause of moral choices is our human character.
    No one is ever free;
    responsibility is impossible
    Everyone is always free; responsibility is unavaoidable.
  • 5. freedom and responsibility spectrum
    Soft determinism
    Fatalism
    No one is ever free;
    responsibility is impossible
    Everyone is always free; responsibility is unavaoidable.
  • 6. freedom and responsibility spectrum
    Soft determinism
    Events predetermined by cosmic purpose, plan or will.
    Whatever is foreordained will occur no matter what.
    Human control is limited to attitude.
    Nothing happens by accident or chance.
    No one is ever free;
    responsibility is impossible
    Everyone is always free; responsibility is unavaoidable.
  • 7. freedom and responsibility spectrum
    Soft determinism
    Fatalism
    Existentialism
    No one is ever free;
    responsibility is impossible
    Everyone is always free; responsibility is unavaoidable.
  • 8. freedom and responsibility spectrum
    Soft determinism
    We impose value and meaning on the world.
    “To act is to modify… the world.”
    Responsibility is absolute. We have no excuse.
    Fatalism
    No one is ever free;
    responsibility is impossible
    Everyone is always free; responsibility is unavaoidable.
  • 9. freedom and responsibility spectrum
    Soft determinism
    Libertarianism
    Hard Determinism
    Compatibilism – both freedom of choice and determinism
    Action Theory
    Fatalism
    Existentialism
    No one is ever free;
    responsibility is impossible
    Everyone is always free; responsibility is unavoidable.
    Incompatibilism – not both freedom of choice and determinism