Branches of judaism

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  • 1. DO NOW:Copy this chart on your paper.Leave room to add to it.Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform Conservative Characterized by
  • 2. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law
  • 3. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the Response to change law
  • 4. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the Response to change Preservation of the law people
  • 5. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time of Talmud. Only form of Jewish practice before 18th century.
  • 6. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time Emerged in late 18th of Talmud. Only century in Germany. form of Jewish practice before 18th century.
  • 7. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time Emerged in late 18th of Talmud. Only century in Germany. form of Jewish practice before 18th century. 1. There is a continuation in the development of Judaism. 2. The Talmud has no authority for the modern Jew. 3. We seek no Messiah, and we know no homeland but he land of our birth. 1843, group of German Jewish leaders
  • 8. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time Emerged in late 18th Emerged in 19th of Talmud. Only century in Germany. century in Germany. form of Jewish practice before 18th century.
  • 9. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time of Talmud. Emerged in late 18th century in Emerged in 19th century in Only form of Jewish practice Germany Germany. before 18th century.Teaching about God personallyTorah revealed himself at Mt. Sinai. Words of Torah are divine and authoritative. Changeless revelation of God’s will.
  • 10. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time of Talmud. Emerged in late 18th century in Emerged in 19th century in Only form of Jewish practice Germany. Germany. before 18th century.Teaching about God personally Revelation is aTorah revealed himself at continuous process. Mt. Sinai. Words of Torah is human Torah are divine and document, valuable authoritative. for moral and Changeless ethical insight. revelation of God’s will.
  • 11. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time of Talmud. Emerged in late 18th century in Emerged in 19th century in Only form of Jewish practice Germany. Germany. before 18th century.Teaching about God personally Revelation is a Written and OralTorah revealed himself at continuous process. Law may be Mt. Sinai. Words of Torah is human interpreted by the Torah are divine and document, valuable rabbis to reflect authoritative. for moral and modern Changeless ethical insight. sensibilities. revelation of God’s will.
  • 12. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time of Talmud. Emerged in late 18th century in Emerged in 19th century in Only form of Jewish practice Germany. Germany. before 18th century.Teaching about Torah God personally revealed Revelation is a continuous Written and Oral Law may be himself at Mt. Sinai. Words of process. Torah is human interpreted by the rabbis to Torah are divine and document, valuable for moral reflect modern sensibilities. authoritative. Changeless and ethical insight. revelation of God’s will.View of the messiah Personal, superhuman being who is not divine. Will restore Jewish kingdom and rule over the earth.
  • 13. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time of Talmud. Emerged in late 18th century in Emerged in 19th century in Only form of Jewish practice Germany. Germany. before 18th century.Teaching about Torah God personally revealed Revelation is a continuous Written and Oral Law may be himself at Mt. Sinai. Words of process. Torah is human interpreted by the rabbis to Torah are divine and document, valuable for moral reflect modern sensibilities. authoritative. Changeless and ethical insight. revelation of God’s will.View of the messiah Personal, Mankind is superhuman being progressing toward who is not divine. a better age. Not Will restore Jewish focused on one kingdom and rule person as messiah. over the earth.
  • 14. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time of Talmud. Emerged in late 18th century in Emerged in 19th century in Only form of Jewish practice Germany. Germany. before 18th century.Teaching about Torah God personally revealed Revelation is a continuous Written and Oral Law may be himself at Mt. Sinai. Words of process. Torah is human interpreted by the rabbis to Torah are divine and document, valuable for moral reflect modern sensibilities, authoritative. Changeless and ethical insight. revelation of God’s will.View of the messiah Personal, Mankind is Similar to reform. superhuman being progressing toward who is not divine. a better age. Not Will restore Jewish focused on one kingdom and rule person as messiah. over the earth.
  • 15. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time of Talmud. Emerged in late 18th century in Emerged in 19th century in Only form of Jewish practice Germany. Germany. before 18th century.Teaching about Torah God personally revealed Revelation is a continuous Written and Oral Law may be himself at Mt. Sinai. Words of process. Torah is human interpreted by the rabbis to Torah are divine and document, valuable for moral reflect modern sensibilities, authoritative. Changeless and ethical insight. revelation of God’s will.View of the messiah Personal, superhuman being Mankind is progressing toward Similar to reform. who is not divine. Will restore a better age. Not focused on Jewish kingdom and rule over one person as messiah. the earth.Synagogue worship House of prayer; study and social aspects are incidental. Prayers in Hebrew. Men and women sit separately.
  • 16. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time of Talmud. Emerged in late 18th century in Emerged in 19th century in Only form of Jewish practice Germany. Germany. before 18th century.Teaching about Torah God personally revealed Revelation is a continuous Written and Oral Law may be himself at Mt. Sinai. Words of process. Torah is human interpreted by the rabbis to Torah are divine and document, valuable for moral reflect modern sensibilities, authoritative. Changeless and ethical insight. revelation of God’s will.View of the messiah Personal, superhuman being Mankind is progressing toward Similar to reform. who is not divine. Will restore a better age. Not focused on Jewish kingdom and rule over one person as messiah. the earth.Synagogue worship House of prayer; Synagogue known study and social as “temple.” Service aspects are modernized and incidental. Prayers shortened. English in Hebrew. Men and and Hebrew. Men women sit and women sit separately. together. Choirs and organs used.
  • 17. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time of Talmud. Emerged in late 18th century in Emerged in 19th century in Only form of Jewish practice Germany. Germany. before 18th century.Teaching about Torah God personally revealed Revelation is a continuous Written and Oral Law may be himself at Mt. Sinai. Words of process. Torah is human interpreted by the rabbis to Torah are divine and document, valuable for moral reflect modern sensibilities, authoritative. Changeless and ethical insight. revelation of God’s will.View of the messiah Personal, superhuman being Mankind is progressing toward Similar to reform. who is not divine. Will restore a better age. Not focused on Jewish kingdom and rule over one person as messiah. the earth.Synagogue worship House of prayer; Synagogue known Synagogue is basic study and social as “temple.” Service institution of Jewish aspects are modernized and life. Somewhere incidental. Prayers shortened. English between Orthodox in Hebrew. Men and and Hebrew. Men and Reform. women sit and women sit separately. together. Choirs and organs used.
  • 18. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time of Talmud. Only form of Emerged in late 18th century in Germany. Emerged in 19th century in Germany. Jewish practice before 18th century.Teaching about Torah God personally revealed himself at Mt. Sinai. Revelation is a continuous process. Torah is Written and Oral Law may be interpreted by Words of Torah are divine and authoritative. human document, valuable for moral and the rabbis to reflect modern sensibilities, Changeless revelation of God’s will. ethical insight.View of the messiah Personal, superhuman being who is not Mankind is progressing toward a better age. Similar to reform. divine. Will restore Jewish kingdom and rule Not focused on one person as messiah. over the earth.Synagogue worship House of prayer; study and social aspects are Synagogue known as “temple.” Service Synagogue is basic institution of Jewish life. incidental. Prayers in Hebrew. Men and modernized and shortened. English and Similar to Reform, but a bit less. women sit separately. Hebrew. Men and women sit together. Choirs and organs used.Clothing Conservative dress. Men wear skullcap called yarmulke (Yiddish) or kippah (Hebrew). Men may wear fringes to remind of God’s commandment.
  • 19. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time of Talmud. Only form of Emerged in late 18th century in Germany. Emerged in 19th century in Germany. Jewish practice before 18th century.Teaching about Torah God personally revealed himself at Mt. Sinai. Revelation is a continuous process. Torah is Written and Oral Law may be interpreted by Words of Torah are divine and authoritative. human document, valuable for moral and the rabbis to reflect modern sensibilities, Changeless revelation of God’s will. ethical insight.View of the messiah Personal, superhuman being who is not Mankind is progressing toward a better age. Similar to reform. divine. Will restore Jewish kingdom and rule Not focused on one person as messiah. over the earth.Synagogue worship House of prayer; study and social aspects are Synagogue known as “temple.” Service Synagogue is basic institution of Jewish life. incidental. Prayers in Hebrew. Men and modernized and shortened. English and Similar to Reform, but a bit less. women sit separately. Hebrew. Men and women sit together. Choirs and organs used.Clothing Conservative dress. Contemporary dress Men wear skullcap called yarmulke (Yiddish) or kippah (Hebrew). Men may wear fringes to remind of God’s commandment.
  • 20. Branches of Judaism Orthodox Reform ConservativeCharacterized by Submission to the law Response to change Preservation of the peopleHistory Dates back to time of Talmud. Only form of Emerged in late 18th century in Germany. Emerged in 19th century in Germany. Jewish practice before 18th century.Teaching about Torah God personally revealed himself at Mt. Sinai. Revelation is a continuous process. Torah is Written and Oral Law may be interpreted by Words of Torah are divine and authoritative. human document, valuable for moral and the rabbis to reflect modern sensibilities, Changeless revelation of God’s will. ethical insight.View of the messiah Personal, superhuman being who is not Mankind is progressing toward a better age. Similar to reform. divine. Will restore Jewish kingdom and rule Not focused on one person as messiah. over the earth.Synagogue worship House of prayer; study and social aspects are Synagogue known as “temple.” Service Synagogue is basic institution of Jewish life. incidental. Prayers in Hebrew. Men and modernized and shortened. English and Similar to Reform, but a bit less. women sit separately. Hebrew. Men and women sit together. Choirs and organs used.Clothing Conservative dress. Contemporary dress Contemporary dress Men wear skullcap called yarmulke (Yiddish) or kippah (Hebrew). Men may wear fringes to remind of God’s commandment.
  • 21. Writings• Hebrew Bible – Torah – Prophets – Writings
  • 22. Writings• Hebrew Bible• Mishnah – interpretation of the law in 6 categories – Seeds – laws on agriculture & prayer – Feasts – holy days & the writing of scrolls – Women – laws concerning marriage & other vows – Damages – civil & criminal, as well as prohibitions of idolatry – Purities – ritual cleanliness & purification
  • 23. Writings• Hebrew Bible• Mishnah – interpretation of the law in 6 categories – Seeds – laws on agriculture & prayer – Feasts – holy days & the writing of scrolls – Women – laws concerning marriage & other vows – Damages – civil & criminal, as well as prohibitions of idolatry – Purities – ritual cleanliness & purification – Holy Things – sacrifices and temple
  • 24. Mishnah - example• Law of Moses specifies all yeast to be removed from a house prior to Passover.• Mishnah asks: – When can we be sure all yeast has been removed? – What about cosmetics that contain yeast? – What if you are not certain?
  • 25. Mishnah• Mishnah also called Halakic tradition – “application of laws”• Gives complex interpretation
  • 26. Gemara• Narrative stories illustrating the law• Long, long, long, long
  • 27. Talmud = Mishna & Gemara• Typical section – Torah passage – Discussion from Mishnah – Gemara – fine points, split and analyzed
  • 28. Passover – about removing leaven• Typical section example – 2-3 verses in the Torah – 5 pages in the Mishnah – 298 pages in the Talmud