Archetypes
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Archetypes

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Archetypes Archetypes Presentation Transcript

  • Archetypes in Lord of the Flies
  • You do not need to know the characters from LOST. They are examples only.
  • What is an archetype?
    • “Figure that repeats itself in the course of history” (Jung)
    • Similar stories repeated across cultures
  • Jack: Hero
    • group oriented
    • live together, die together
    • the group is more valuable than individuals
  • John: Hunter
    • acute sensory prowess
    • intuition or sixth sense
    • believes that there is a higher purpose to his life and believes in following signs
  • Sawyer: Anti-Hero
    • little about him to like
    • a cheat
    • a con-man who cares only about himself
    • yet, we want to know his story
  • Kate: Damsel in Distress
    • beautiful young woman in a dangerous situation
    • hero must rescue her
  • Sayid: Soldier
    • black-and-white sense of morality
    • fights and protects
    • isn’t proud what he has to do
    • deeply nostalgic about people he’s had to lose or leave behind
  • Ben: Trickster
    • can’t trust him on anything
    • no telling what his words really mean or what his intentions truly are
  • Island: Journey
    • awakening to & exploring new place
    • early problems followed by adaptation
    • spiritual, emotional, or psychological growth
    • a climactic event which challenges growing feelings of wholeness
    • escape and return to the home society as a new person
  • Mythological/Archetypal Theory
  • What to look for?
    • General recurring themes, characters or situations
  • Three types of archetypes
    • Characters
    • Images
    • Situations
  • Characters
    • Hero
    • Larger than life
    • Search or self-identity or fulfillment often results in his destruction (& destruction of society around him)
    • Examples:
    • Frodo
    • Beowulf
    • Your examples?
  • Characters
    • Variations of hero
    • Orphan prince
    • Scapegoat
    • Loner or Outcast
    • Underdog
    • Guilt-ridden character in search of redemption
  • Characters
    • Villain
    • Personification of evil
    • Evil may be unmotivated or motivated by a single perceived past wrong
    • No end to hatred
    • Examples:
    • Satan
    • Grendel
    • Your examples?
  • Characters
    • Variations of Villain
    • Mad scientist
    • Bully
  • Characters
    • Temptress
    • Female
    • Leads men to destruction by her allure
    • Lady Bertilak
    • Your examples?
  • Images
    • Colors
    • Red = blood, anger, passion, violence
    • Gold = greatness, value, wealth
    • Green = fertility, luxury, growth
    • Blue = God-like holiness, peace, serenity
    • White = purity
  • Images
    • Numbers
    • Three = Christian trinity
    • Four = seasons
    • Twelve = months of the year
  • Images
    • Water
    • Source of life
    • Cleansing or purification
    • Baptism
  • Images
    • Fire
    • Protective & destructive
    • Human knowledge & industry
  • Images
    • Gardens
    • Natural abundance
    • Easy, beautiful life
    • New birth, hope
    • Eden
  • Images
    • Cave
    • Source of life
    • Grave
    • Entrance to the underworld
    • Unexplored region of the human soul