Archetypes
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Archetypes

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Archetypes Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Archetypes in Lord of the Flies
  • 2. You do not need to know the characters from LOST. They are examples only.
  • 3. What is an archetype?
    • “Figure that repeats itself in the course of history” (Jung)
    • 4. Similar stories repeated across cultures
  • Jack: Hero
    • group oriented
    • 5. live together, die together
    • 6. the group is more valuable than individuals
  • John: Hunter
    • acute sensory prowess
    • 7. intuition or sixth sense
    • 8. believes that there is a higher purpose to his life and believes in following signs
  • Sawyer: Anti-Hero
    • little about him to like
    • 9. a cheat
    • 10. a con-man who cares only about himself
    • 11. yet, we want to know his story
  • Kate: Damsel in Distress
    • beautiful young woman in a dangerous situation
    • 12. hero must rescue her
  • Sayid: Soldier
    • black-and-white sense of morality
    • 13. fights and protects
    • 14. isn’t proud what he has to do
    • 15. deeply nostalgic about people he’s had to lose or leave behind
  • Ben: Trickster
    • can’t trust him on anything
    • 16. no telling what his words really mean or what his intentions truly are
  • Island: Journey
    • awakening to & exploring new place
    • 17. early problems followed by adaptation
    • 18. spiritual, emotional, or psychological growth
    • 19. a climactic event which challenges growing feelings of wholeness
    • 20. escape and return to the home society as a new person
  • Mythological/Archetypal Theory
  • 21. What to look for?
    • General recurring themes, characters or situations
  • Three types of archetypes
    • Characters
    • 22. Images
    • 23. Situations
  • Characters
    • Hero
    • 24. Larger than life
    • 25. Search or self-identity or fulfillment often results in his destruction (& destruction of society around him)
    • 26. Examples:
    • 27. Frodo
    • 28. Beowulf
    • 29. Your examples?
  • Characters
    • Variations of hero
    • 30. Orphan prince
    • 31. Scapegoat
    • 32. Loner or Outcast
    • 33. Underdog
    • 34. Guilt-ridden character in search of redemption
  • Characters
    • Villain
    • 35. Personification of evil
    • 36. Evil may be unmotivated or motivated by a single perceived past wrong
    • 37. No end to hatred
    • 38. Examples:
    • 39. Satan
    • 40. Grendel
    • 41. Your examples?
  • Characters
    • Variations of Villain
    • 42. Mad scientist
    • 43. Bully
  • Characters
    • Temptress
    • 44. Female
    • 45. Leads men to destruction by her allure
    • 46. Lady Bertilak
    • 47. Your examples?
  • Images
    • Colors
    • 48. Red = blood, anger, passion, violence
    • 49. Gold = greatness, value, wealth
    • 50. Green = fertility, luxury, growth
    • 51. Blue = God-like holiness, peace, serenity
    • 52. White = purity
  • Images
    • Numbers
    • 53. Three = Christian trinity
    • 54. Four = seasons
    • 55. Twelve = months of the year
  • Images
    • Water
    • 56. Source of life
    • 57. Cleansing or purification
    • 58. Baptism
  • Images
    • Fire
    • 59. Protective & destructive
    • 60. Human knowledge & industry
  • Images
    • Gardens
    • 61. Natural abundance
    • 62. Easy, beautiful life
    • 63. New birth, hope
    • 64. Eden
  • Images
    • Cave
    • 65. Source of life
    • 66. Grave
    • 67. Entrance to the underworld
    • 68. Unexplored region of the human soul