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Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
Wwii Ch 24
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Wwii Ch 24

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Road to Ware - events and key leaders involved in beginning WWII - pre-Pearl Harbor

Road to Ware - events and key leaders involved in beginning WWII - pre-Pearl Harbor

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  • Master Race - should have power over “inferior races” – Jews, non-whites… non-Aryans Expand - regain lands lost in WWI – so Germans could thrive
  • Transcript

    • 1. World War Looms Section 1 – Dictators Threaten World Peace Section 2 – War in Europe Section 3 – The Holocaust Section 4 – America Moves Toward War
    • 2. Section 1 Dictators Threaten World Peace
    • 3. Dictators
      • Soviet Union – Joseph Stalin
      • Italy – Benito Mussolini
      • Germany – Adolf Hitler
      • Japan – Nationalistic Military Leaders
      • Spain – Francisco Franco
    • 4. Stalin
      • Did away with private businesses
        • “collectives” = huge state-owned farms
      • Made Soviet Union a leading industrial power
      • Everything controlled by the state
      • Totalitarian government – individuals have no rights… opposition is silenced!
    • 5. Mussolini
      • Fascism – strong, central government with a dictator
        • Grows from extreme nationalism
      • Il Duce = “the leader”
      • Very charismatic leader
        • “ Italy wants peace, work, and calm. I will give these things with love if possible, with force if necessary.”
    • 6. Hitler
      • Nazism – German “brand” of fascism
      • Germans were the “master race”
      • Germany needed to expand…
        • Combined extreme nationalism, racism, and expansionism
      • Chancellor in 1933
      • Creates the Third Reich
    • 7. Japan
      • Military leaders take over
      • Want more land and resources
      • Attack Manchuria in 1931
        • Protested by the League of Nations
        • Japan leaves league… keeps Manchuria
    • 8. League of Nations
      • Established after WWI to prevent aggressive acts ~ such as Japan’s
      • Had to have unanimous consent on actions… any nation could veto over League judgments
      • Basically gave aggressive nations a “slap on the wrist” and opened the door to BIG PROBLEMS!
    • 9. Hitler & Mussolini
      • Watched closely at how the League dealt with Japan
      • Hitler broke the Treaty of Versailles
        • Puts troops in the Rhineland
        • Rebuilds army
      • Mussolini takes over Ethiopia
    • 10. Franco
      • Fascist general
      • Led rebellion – overthrew elected government in 1939
      • Supported by Hitler and Mussolini
    • 11. Isolationism in the US
      • Anti-war rallies held
      • Neutrality Acts passed
      • FDR seemed to want to help… but stepped down in his effort due to criticism
    • 12. Section 2 War in Europe
    • 13. Hitler Expands
      • Wants to Annex Austria and Czechoslovakia
        • Favored by Germans
      • 1938 – march into Austria unopposed
      • Makes accusations toward the Czechs
      • Focuses on the Sudetenland
    • 14. Munich Pact
      • France and Britain – defend Czechoslovakia
      • September 1938 – French, British, and German leaders sign
        • Gives Germany the Sudetenland
        • Hitler’s “promise”
    • 15. “Peace with Honor”
      • Neville Chamberlain – British prime minister
        • Signed Munich Pact
      • Winston Churchill… Pact was dishonorable appeasement
        • Pacifying the aggressor
        • Predicted appeasement would…
    • 16. LEAD to WAR
      • March 1939 – Hitler conquers Czechoslovakia
      • Accuses Poland
        • Hitler is very brave
      • Nonaggression pact with Soviet Union
        • Hitler and Stalin’s secret
    • 17. Blitzkrieg
      • Lightning War
      • September 1, 1939 – Hitler attacks Poland
        • Fell in a month
      • Britain and France declare war on Germany
        • “phony war”
    • 18. The Soviet Union
      • Attack Poland from the east as Germany is attacking from the west
      • While phony war is going on…
        • Stalin takes back regions lost in WWI
    • 19. Spring 1940
      • April – Hitler invades Denmark and Norway
      • May – takes the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg
      • Also in May – attacks France unsuspectingly in the North
        • Britain rescues 90% of Allied troops
    • 20. Italy joins Germany
      • Attack France from the south
      • June 1940 – France surrenders
        • Germany controls north
        • Vichy government controls south
      • Charles de Gaulle – French general exiled in England
        • Makes promise
    • 21. Invasion on Britain
      • Air raids over England
      • Entire month of August 1940
      • RAF – defend using radar
      • Called Battle of Britain
      • Winston Churchill – new Prime Minister
        • Rallies British
      • Hitler gives up
    • 22. Section 3 The Holocaust
    • 23. Persecution
      • Hitler wants to make Germany “racially” pure
        • Orders all non-Aryans out of government jobs
      • Begins the Holocaust
        • Systematic murder of over 11 million people across Europe
        • Anti-Semitism – hatred of Jews
          • Long history in Europe
          • Scapegoats
    • 24. Hitler vs. the Jews
      • Persecution increased
      • No civil rights
      • Yellow stars of David
    • 25. Kristallnacht
      • November 9 – 10, 1938
      • “crystal night”
      • Organized, violent persecution
      • Nazi storm troopers attack and arrest Jews
        • Homes
        • Businesses
        • Synagogues
    • 26. Jews seek refuge
      • Flee Germany
      • Nazis favor this
      • Other countries did not accept refugees
      • US allows some, but we have strict immigration quotas
        • American anti-Semitism
        • Fear for jobs
    • 27. Final Solution
      • 1939 – only ¼ million Jews left in Germany… other countries have millions
      • Ultimate goal – Genocide
      • “Enemies of the state” – arrested
        • Condemned to slavery and death
        • Not just Jews… political opponents as well as
          • Gypsies, Freemasons, Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, the disabled, & terminally ill
    • 28. Jewish Ghettos
      • Segregated Jewish areas
      • Sealed off
      • Forced to work in German factories
      • Many starved
      • Despite brutal conditions… Jews hung on
        • Made attempts of keeping life “normal”
    • 29. Final Stage
      • Jews sent to concentration camps
        • Suffered terribly
      • 1941 – six death camps built in Poland
        • Gas chambers… kill 12,000 a day
        • Doctors separated on arrival
        • Crematoriums built
        • Not all were gassed to death
      • 6 million Jews died
    • 30. Section 4 America Moves Toward War
    • 31. US Neutrality
      • Neutrality Acts – US not allowed to enter war in Europe
        • FDR suggests “cash and carry”
      • New Neutrality Act passed in November 1939
    • 32. The Axis Powers
      • 1940 – Germany, Italy, and Japan sign mutual defense treaty
      • US goes to war with one… all 3 fight
        • US would have war on two fronts
    • 33. US prepares
      • FDR prepares
        • Supports Britain yet…
        • Assures people US will stay out of war
      • Congress increases national defense spending
      • Passes first peacetime draft Sept. 1940
      • FDR elected to a 3 rd term
    • 34. Lend-Lease Act
      • FDR tells US people – cannot watch Hitler conquer the world
      • US – “the great arsenal of democracy”
      • FDR suggests lending or leasing arms to any nation “whose defense was vital to the United States”
      • Passed in March 1941
    • 35. Germany keeps going
      • Invades Soviet Union
        • US give lend-lease support to Soviets
      • U-boats attack ships in the Atlantic
      • June 1941 – FDR US Navy protects ships
      • US warships allowed to defend selves
    • 36. US plans for war
      • Secret meeting – August 1941
      • Atlantic Charter signed
      • 26 nations later sign similar agreement
      • Become ALLIES
        • United to fight Germany, Italy, and Japan
    • 37. War Inevitable
      • Sept. 4, 1941 – U-boat fires on US merchant ship
      • FDR orders US Navy to fire on sight of U-boats
      • U-boats sink several US ships
      • Senate allows arming of merchant ships
    • 38. PEARL HARBOR
      • December 7, 1941
      • Main US naval base attacked by Japan
      • US Pacific fleet crippled
        • Planes and ships destroyed
        • 2400 people killed
      • FDR realizes US will fight on two fronts
        • Dec. 8 th – Congress declares war on Japan
        • Germany and Italy declare war on US
    • 39. Japan Strikes
      • Japan seizes Asian territory
      • Invades Indochina – US cuts off trade
        • Japan needs US oil
      • Hideki Tojo – Japan’s prime minister
        • Starts peace talks… prepares for war
      • Secret codes deciphered
        • US knows Japan will strike – but where?

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