The parts of an Atom
The atom
An Atom: The most basic unit of

matter.
An atom has a dense nucleus and a
cloud of negatively charged electron...
An Electron
Electron: A subatomic particle with a

negative electrical charge.
An electron’s mass is so small that it is...
A Nucleus
Nucleus: The dense center of an atom

containing protons and neutrons.

Nucleus
A Proton
A Proton: A subatomic particle within

the nucleus of an atom that has a
positive charge.
Neutron
A Neutron: A subatomic particle within

the nucleus of an atom that has a
neutral charge.
Energy Level
The energy level of an atom is as

follows:
2,8,8

The first shell has two electrons
The second shell has...
Atomic Number
The atomic number is

the number mainly
associated with the
element and represents
the number of protons
pr...
Mass Number
The total number of

protons and neutrons.
The mass of an atom
comes from the protons
and neutrons.
Therefo...
Atomic Mass
Sub atomic particles are measured in

AMU’s. AMU stands for Atomic Mass
Unit.
Every proton has a mass of 1 A...
Element
A pure chemical substance consisting

of ONE type of atom.
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Parts on an atom

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Parts on an atom

  1. 1. The parts of an Atom
  2. 2. The atom An Atom: The most basic unit of matter. An atom has a dense nucleus and a cloud of negatively charged electrons around it. If matter is what everything is made of, and matter is made of atoms… Then, everything is really made of atoms!
  3. 3. An Electron Electron: A subatomic particle with a negative electrical charge. An electron’s mass is so small that it is generally not even considered.
  4. 4. A Nucleus Nucleus: The dense center of an atom containing protons and neutrons. Nucleus
  5. 5. A Proton A Proton: A subatomic particle within the nucleus of an atom that has a positive charge.
  6. 6. Neutron A Neutron: A subatomic particle within the nucleus of an atom that has a neutral charge.
  7. 7. Energy Level The energy level of an atom is as follows: 2,8,8 The first shell has two electrons The second shell has 8 electrons The third shell has 8 electrons MEMORIZE: 2,8,8!!!!!!!!!!
  8. 8. Atomic Number The atomic number is the number mainly associated with the element and represents the number of protons present in the atom.
  9. 9. Mass Number The total number of protons and neutrons. The mass of an atom comes from the protons and neutrons. Therefore, the mass includes the masses of each added together. This number can be found at the bottom, typically. Mass Number
  10. 10. Atomic Mass Sub atomic particles are measured in AMU’s. AMU stands for Atomic Mass Unit. Every proton has a mass of 1 AMU Every Neutron has a mass of 1 AMU Remember, electrons don’t have a measureable mass.
  11. 11. Element A pure chemical substance consisting of ONE type of atom.
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