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Rulers of the renaissance

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  • Charles V was born in Vincennes right outside of Paris, France on January 21, 1338. King Charles V early education is unknown but it is said that he later took a great interest in learning. At the age of 16, Charles was made Duke of Normandy by his father being trusted with one of the weakest areas during the 100 years’ war. When he later turned 19 (on September 19, 1356) he, his two brothers and his father led the French army into battle and got destroyed by the England. It was basically a complete failure. Charles father, John II was taken prisoner and held for ransom not being released until 1360 having his father John II being held captive for 4 years. Between that time Charles stopped the threat of an English invasion, some internal revolts and a peasant uprising. After the return of his father John a temporary truce was established between France and England.
  • When Charles became king after his fathers death, being the heir to the throne, his experience had helped and prepared him for the beginning of his ruling. Specifically undoing all political failures of his father and grandfather. Even though King Charles was constantly ill he was always devoted to ruling and his people. Charles was able to secure advisors and many effective military commanders. In May of 1369 Charles broke the treaty with England declaring war. Instead of wanting a major battle as his father and his fathers father did he used strategy and spread his army out at every point possible. The French navies destroyed an English fleet at la Rochelle in 1372 and later launched destructive raids against the coasts of England. Within a few months most of England's Major leaders were killed and Edward, The Black Prince (son of Edward the III and father of Richard II) who was an exceptional military leader of England fled back to his home land were he later died in 1376. By Charles death in September 16,1380 he had fought England to a standstill. He spent his last years strengthen defenses in France and organizing the law and some financial needs. For the first time since Philip V in 1314 France and an affective ruler.
  • Charles was born in France, he was the only surviving son of King Louis XI. Charles became king to the throne on 30 August 1483, at age 13. Marriage to Anne of Brittanyat in December 1491, in an elaborate ceremony Charles and Anne of Brittany were married. The 14-year-old Duchess Anne, arrived for her wedding with her followers carrying two beds.
  • To secure France against invasions, Charles made treaties with Austria and England.He devoted France's resources to building up a large army, including one of Europe's first siege trains with weapons.In 1489, Pope Innocent VIII, offered Naples to Charles, who had a unclear claim to the Kingdom of Naples through his grandmother, Marie of Anjou. In 1494, Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan, was threatened by Ferdinand's heir Alfonso II, and urged Charles to go take Naples. Charles was also urged on by Étienne de Vesc.Charles entered Italy with 25,000 men in 1494 and marched across the peninsula, reaching Naples on 22 February 1495. The French army restrained Florence in passing and took Naples without a battle or siege. Alfonso was ejected from the thrown and Charles was crowned King of Naples.There were those in the Republic of Florence who appreciated the presence of the King and his Army. The famous Savonarola believed that King Charles VIII was God's tool to purify the corruption of Florence. Once the King had overthrew the evil sinners of Florence the city would become center of morality and then the appropriate place to restructure the Church. This situation would eventually spill over into another conflict between Pope Alexander VI, who despised the King in Italy, and Savonarola, who called for the King's intervention. This conflict would eventually lead Savonarola to be suspected of heresy and executed by the State.The speed and power of the French advance frightened the other Italian rulers, including the Pope. They formed an anti-French alliance, the “League of Venice”. At Fornovo in July 1495, the League defeated Charles, despite losing 2,000 men to his 1,000. Charles lost nearly all the money of the campaign and had to give up to France. His remaining military bases in Naples were quickly destroyed by Aragonese allies of Alfonso.Over the next few years, Charles tried to rebuild his army, and resume the campaign. But he was disadvantaged by the large debts experienced in 1494–95. He never succeeded in gaining anything substantive. Charles died in 1498, two and a half years after his retreat from Italy, as the result of an accident. While playing jeu de paume (real tennis) in Amboise he struck his head on the support of a door. A few hours later, he fell into a sudden coma, and then died
  • King henry had 6 wives. His firs wife was, Katherine of Aragon. She had 5 children but only 1 survived Mary (who will soon grow up to be a queen and a evil one at that… he nickname came to be ‘Bloody Mary’) Henry married miss Katherine in the first few months of his reign. Katherine was Henrys brothers wife so after he died Henry married Katherine. Katherine was a good wife but not the one that would deliver his baby boy that would reign after him. So he divorced Katherine one other reason he divorced her was he also in love with a woman named Anne Boyle. When He asked the pope if he could divorce but they denied him. The Anne was angry at this and so she wrote a letter to the royal court, saying that the pope shouldn’t have control over the kings divorces. The king is the ruler of the sate and the should be ruler of the church. Henry then became the head of the church in England this was all political. So after he was able to control his divorces he divorce Katherine and married Anne Boyle Anne had baby Elizabeth. But then Anne was beheaded for accusation of adultery. Then he married Jane simore she had baby Edward And when he was born there was lots of celebration. But then their was sorrow because Katherine died in child birth. But the king finally had his baby boy. The then remarried to the German protestant princess Anne of cleaves which was only a political marriage whom he soon divorced. The he remarried to Katherine Howard who soon was beheaded because of committing adultery. His last wife was Katherine Parr she was a wood wife throughout the last years of Kings Henrys and tried to keep his heath in good condition. But it was hard since henry already had problems with his legs after falling off a horse which made him not able to stay active in sports. When he was angry he would eat so he gained a lot of weight. Also in his last years he started to pray and became a Orthodox Catholic.
  • The king started to change the church when he was informed that he could not divorce Katherine of Aragon. When he was told this Anne wrote a letter that would change the relationship between the king and the church. The king became the head of the church in England that made the bishops angry because they only wanted to follow the pope not the king. The church had their own laws until the king decided that he wanted them to follow his laws not the churches. They said that “The church lives above the law.” The king hated how the bishops tried to protest against the laws so he made them all sign a contract that stated the church is under the royal court. Every Bishop was required to sign it or the would be burned.
  • Elizabeth I (daughter of Henry the VIII) was born at Greenwich Palace September 7, 1533 and was named after both her grandmothers, Elizabeth of York and Elizabeth Howard. Her mother was Henry's second wife, Anne Boleyn. At birth, Elizabeth was next in line for the throne. Her older half-sister, Mary, had lost her position as next in line when Henrymarried Mary's mother, Catherine of Aragon. Elizabeth was baptized on September 10, 1533. When Elizabeth was two years and eight months old her mother was executed on May 19, 1536 due to adultery. Elizabeth was declared illegitimate and deprived of the title of Princess. Elizabeth’s clearly had a good early education: by the time Elizabeth was 11 in 1544 she could write English, Latin, and Italian. Under Grindal, a talented and skilful tutor, she also progressed in French and Greek.After Grindal died in 1548, Elizabeth received her education under Roger Ascham, a sympathetic teacher who believed that learning should be engaging. By the time her formal education ended in 1550, she was the best educated woman of her generation.
  • After Mary (the previous queen) died on November 17, 1558 Elizabeth was pronounced queen and was later consecrated on January 15, 1559 . Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch (a sole and absolute ruler) of the Tudor dynasty or house of Tutor which was a prominent European royal house of Welsh origin that ruled the Kingdom of England and its realms, including the Lordship and Kingdom of Ireland, from 1485 until 1603 when Queen Elizabeth past away. Elizabeth set out to rule by good counsel, and she depended heavily on a group of trusted advisers led by two men named William Cecil and Baron Burghley. One of her first moves as queen was the establishing of an English Protestant church (which is one of the three major groupings (Catholicism, Orthodoxy, and Protestantism) within Christianity. It is a movement that began in central Europe in the early 16th century as a reaction against medieval Roman Catholic doctrines and practices) of which she became the Supreme Governor. This Elizabethan Religious Settlement later evolved into today's Church of England.
  • Elizabeth was expected to get married and have children but she never did even though she had been in many relationships as Elizabeth grew older she became famous for her virginity and was widely known as the virgin queen. After 1570, when the pope declared her illegitimate and released her followers from obedience to her, several conspiracies threatened her life and that was stopped by the help of her ministers' secret service. In the mid-1580s war with Spain could no longer be avoided, and when Spain finally decided to invade and conquer England in 1588, the defeat of the Spanish Armada is popularly viewed as one of the greatest victories in English history. Elizabeth's reign is known as the Elizabethan era, famous for all the English drama, led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe, and for the seafaring prowess of English adventurers such as Sir Francis Drake. Towards the end of her reign, a series of economic and military problems weakened her popularity. Her 44 years on the throne provided welcome stability for the kingdom and helped forge a sense of national identity.
  • even though we have rulers from two different countries none of them actually intercept and cross into each others ruling period but Charles VIII and Henry VIII only missed each other by 11 years and that also goes for Henry VIII and Elizabeth I also missing each other by 11 years. FranceCharles V 1376-1380Charles VIII 1483-1498EnglandHenry VIII 1509-1547Elizabeth I 1558-1603
  • France was ruled be kings and queens for a long time until Louis Napoleon Bonaparte came along and started a long huge war. At the end the current king and Queen that was ruling then got executed. A Renaissance began. People now vote on a President to “rule” their country. Curent president is Nicolas Sarlozy. William Shakespeare invented some words or phrases that we still use to this day. HE also used them in sonnets or poems he wrote.
  • Prince Charles of Wales is about to be a king he is next in heir. He is the oldest son of Queen Elizabeth II Born on November 14, 1948, in London, EnglandHis mother became queen when he was only three after the death of his grandfather King George VI. As her oldest child, Charles became the heir apparent to the British throne and received the title of Duke of Cornwall.
  • Between 1789 and 1802 France was wrecked by a revolution which radically changed the government, administration, military and culture of the nation as well as plunging Europe into a series of wars. France went from a largely feudal state under an absolutist monarch to a republic which executed the king and then to an empire under Napoleon Bonaparte. Lots of revolutionary wars went up against France. Louis Napoléon Bonaparte was the first president of France. The presidency is ruled by election just like it is here in the United States so there is no way of knowing who will be their next president.
  • Are connection to theme (the Renaissance) was that each individual (Henry VIII, Queen Elizabeth I, Charles V and Charles VIII) helped influence the Renaissance and each ruled during the period of the Renaissance.
  • 2. How did Queen Elizabeth influence the Renaissance?A. She was a patron of the arts and was a huge supporter of William Shakespeare who showed his "Renaissance Spirit" through his literature.She strongly encouraged learning, education, and literacy; she had gotten a very impressive education as a child. When Elizabeth I first came to the English throne, England was a fragmented country, arguing about religion. When her reign ended in 1603, England was a strong and thriving nation.
  • 5. Who ruled the longest out of King Charles VIII, Queen Elizabeth I, King henry VIII, and King Charles V?A. Queen Elizabeth I was the longest ruling ruler out of the four rulers (King Charles VIII, Queen Elizabeth I, King henry VIII, and King Charles V) from 1558-1603 ruling for over 44 years.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Rulers of the Renaissance
      By: Sierra Abel, Raquel Minor and Nathan Wade
    • 2. To do List
      5 Essential Questions
      Glossary
      Geography
      History/Important People
      Relevant
      Future
      Connection to Theme
      5 Essential Answers
      Bibliography
    • 3. 5 Essential Questions
      Why did king Henry VIII destroy the monasteries?
      How did Queen Elizabeth I Influence the Renaissance?
      How did king Charles V reign help influence the 100 years’ war?
      How old was Charles the VIII when he died and how did he died?
      Who ruled the longest out of King Charles VIII, Queen Elizabeth I, King henry VIII, and King Charles V?
    • 4. Glossary
      Orthodox Catholic: is the dominant Christian denomination and considers itself to be the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church and is the second largest Christian communion in the world, with an estimated 300 million members
      Monarch: a sole and absolute ruler of a state or nation
      Protestant Church: is one of the three major groupings (Catholicism, Orthodoxy, and Protestantism) within Christianity.
      Heresy- any opinion or action that goes against the church laws or religion
      Vatican- a place for the pope to live in
    • 5. Geography
      And Graphs
    • 6. King Henry VIII
      Queen Elizabeth I
      King Charles V
      King Charles VIII
    • 7. King Charles V
      King Charles VIII
    • 8. Who ruled the longest?
    • 9. France
      • Charles V
      • 10. Charles VIII
      England
      • Henry VIII
      • 11. Queen Elizabeth I
      History/Important People
    • 12. Charles V of France
      Birth
      Childhood
      Start of rein
    • 13. Charles V Rein/Ruling
      Death of father
      Broke treaty
      War with England
      Recovery of territory
      Passing of a great leader
    • 14. King Charles VIII (8th)
      • Only surviving son
      • 16. King at age of 13
      • 17. Marriage-Anne of Brittanyat
      • 18. Married at 21 years old
      Personal life
    • 19. Italian War
      • Invasion of Naples
      • 20. Savonarola said he was “God's tool to purify the corruption of Florence”
      • 21. “League of Venice”
      • 22. Lost all of the money
      • 23. Died after an accident
    • Henry VIII (8th)
    • Personal Life
      Wives: Divorces, Beheaded, One lived
      Heath- could never do sports
      Religion-Orthodox Catholic
    • 26. Church Issues
      Laws
      Money
      Destroying monasteries for money
      Deaths
    • 27. Wars
      Taking over France
      End of his reign invasion
      Humiliation from his trusted friend
    • 28. Elizabeth's early life
      • Daughter of Henry the VIII
      • 29. Birth
      • 30. Mother executed
      • 31. Declared illegitimate
      • 32. Best educated women of her generation
    • Queen Elizabeth’s ruling
      • Becoming the queen
      • 33. Fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty
      • 34. Depended on trusted advisors
      • 35. Protestant Church
    • Queen Elizabeth’s ruling
      Known as virgin queen
      Pope declared her illegitimate
      Defeat of the Spanish Armada
      Elizabethan era
    • 36. Timeline
      1375
      1450
      1525
      1600
    • 37. Relevant
      How did wars change France ?
      inventions
    • 38. Future of England
      Charles, Prince of Wales
      Oldest son of Queen Elizabeth II
      Heir to the throne
      Born November 14, 1948
    • 39. Future of France
      No more kings or queens but now presidents.
      Lots of wars went up against France
      Louis Napoleon Bonaparte
    • 40. Currently President of France
      Nicolas Sarkozy
    • 41. Connection to Theme
      Are connection to theme (the Renaissance) was that each individual (Henry VIII, Queen Elizabeth I, Charles V and Charles VIII) helped influence the Renaissance and each ruled during the period of the Renaissance.
    • 42. 5 Essential Q & A
      Why did king Henry VIII destroy the monasteries?
      A) He destroyed the monasteries because he used up all of the money he inherited from his father and needed more money that way he could go into war and take over France.
    • 43. 5 Essential Q & A
      2. How did Queen Elizabeth influence the Renaissance?
      A. She was a patron of the arts and was a huge supporter of William Shakespeare who showed his "Renaissance Spirit" through his literature.
      She strongly encouraged learning, education, and literacy; she had gotten a very impressive education as a child. When Elizabeth I first came to the English throne, England was a fragmented country, arguing about religion. When her reign ended in 1603, England was a strong and thriving nation.
    • 44. 5 Essential Q & A
      3. How did king Charles V’s reign help influence the 100 years war?
      A. Because of Charles V France was able to take back territory from England, fix the political failures from his father and grandfather, improved French defenses and secured many effective military commanders.
    • 45. 5 Essential Q & A
      4. How old was Charles the VIII when he died and how did he died?
      A. In 1498 at the age of 27, two and a half years after his retreat from Italy, as the result of an accident. While playing jeu de paume (real tennis) in Amboise he struck his head on the support of a door. A few hours later, he fell into a sudden coma, and then died.
    • 46. 5 Essential Q & A
      5. Who ruled the longest out of King Charles VIII, Queen Elizabeth I, King henry VIII, and King Charles V?
      A. Queen Elizabeth I was the longest ruling ruler out of the four rulers (King Charles VIII, Queen Elizabeth I, King henry VIII, and King Charles V) from 1558-1603 ruling for over 44 years.
    • 47. websites
      http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/tudorbio.htm
      http://www.elizabethi.org/uk/biography.html
      http://www.biography.com/articles/Charles-V-9244833
      http://www.elizabethi.org/us/
      http://tudorhistory.org/henry8/
      http://www.google.com/search?q=henry+viiI
      http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/C8.htm
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_VIII_of_France
      http://www.google.com/search?q=elzabeth
      http://www.google.com/imgres?q=charles+v+of+france&hl=en&
      Books
      • England and its rulers: being a concise compendium of the history By: H. Pomeroy Brewster
      • 48. Modern and contemporary European history By: Jacob SalwynSchapiro and James Thomson Shotwell
      • 49. England and its Rulers By: M. T. Clanchy
      Bibliography
      Movies
      • Personal life of king henry VIII
      • 50. The life of King Charles VIII
    • The End