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Human rights organizations

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  • Lists of human rights on next slide.
  • These are just a few of the many inhumane acts committed by regular people. But who do you think will take action? Will you, how about you? Regular people commit crimes, only a few own up to it. But absolutely nobody does any thing about it. That’s where the Human rights groups step in. Whether it be natural disasters, another holocaust or a man made disaster there will always be a human rights group to help. We need the human rights groups more than any thing on this planet, they are what prevents and helps stop people treating other people like they are not human. During hurricane Katrina for instance, the Red Cross, Amnesty and other human rights groups were there first, then a couple of days later, the United States government finally stepped in and helped. It’s obvious that with out human rights groups we would all be struggling to survive.
  • Amnesty International- and I quote “Every body to enjoy all the right enshrined in the universal declaration of human rights and other international human rights”
    NAACP- there mission is to have colored have equal rights to every body else on this little planet.
    Red cross- mission is to provide universal health care to people to need it.
    UNESCO-to provide universal understanding and promote environment of peace to prevent an other world war.
    Justice-to provide a better legal system and better trials for convicts who art guilty.
  • UNESCO stands for, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. It currently has 193 member countries.
  • The development of UNESCO began in 1942, during World War II, when leaders from several European countries met in the United Kingdom, for the Conference of Allied Ministries of Education, otherwise known as CAME. During the conference, the leaders worked together to develop ways to reconstruct education around the world after the war was over. They decided to hold a future conference in London for the establishment of a educational and cultural organization from November 1st through 16th, 1945. When that conference was held, there were 44 participating countries, who sent delegates, who decided to create an organization to promote a “culture of peace,” and to establish an “intellectual and moral solidarity of mankind,” to prevent another world war. When the conference ended, UNESCO was born.
    The Constitution of UNESCO came into effect on November 4th, 1946. The first official General Conference of UNESCO was held in Paris from November 19th - December 10th, 1946, with representatives from 30 countries. - picture
  • There is France, located in Europe.
  • Located on the Place de Fontenoy, in Paris, France the main building which houses the Headquarters of UNESCO was opened on November 3rd 1958.
  • Here is a photo of the construction of the UNESCO House, which served as somewhat of a headquarters.
  • Now, I'm going to tell you about some of UNESO’s major achievements.
  • UNESCO set up the first tsunami warning system, in the Pacific Ocean in 1968. Today, they are expanding the system around the Earth.
  • To protect and preserve, cultural and heritage sites, UNESCO has deemed more than 800 sites, World Heritage Sites.
  • If someplace is a World Heritage Site, it means that they are trying to encourage people to preserve and protect that site because it is considered important to the world’s cultural history.
  • I do not know of any laws that were passed because of UNESCO’s actions, but there are over 800 world heritage sites, that might not have been preserved, if not for UNESCO’s actions. Here are some of the projects that UNESCO is working on today.
  • UNESCO works towards education for all by 2015. Right now about 774 million citizens don’t know how to read and write, and one out of every three children have never seen a classroom. They are also working towards end discrimination against girls, who make up more than half of the children without education.
  • UNESCO hopes to reduce by half the number of illiterate adults by 2015.
  • UNESCO hopes to reduce by half the number of people without access to drinking water.
  • UNESCO works on the protection of the earths natural resources, by encouraging the use of renewable energy sources, for example wind or solar power.
  • The psychology behind UNESCO was that they decided to promote a “culture of peace,” which means that they wanted to stop another world war, by educating people around the world, and making the world generally a better place. The technology behind it is their Tsunami Warning system, which they are now beginning to establish all over the world. UNESCO also has its’ own website and YouTube page to help get word about itself out, and to help educate people.
  • Here is a picture of how UNESCO’s Tsunami warning system works. As you can see, all of these networks and stations send information to the global Telecommunication Systems, then if it is a threat, it sends the message to the Warning Centers, which sends it to sirens, E-mails, Cell phones, TVs, Etc, which alerts people to get out of the area.
  • Now that UNESCO has been explained, we shall move on to Red Cross.
  • Here are some basic facts about the Red Cross. They do blood drives for people who need blood, and for people in the army. They also provide general health care for people who can, and can’t, afford it. They provide relief for people in natural disasters, and people who are having hard times in foreign wars. The Red Cross was started in Geneva, Switzerland in 1859.
  • This is where Red Cross’s headquarters is, Washington D.C.
  • Clara Barton started the American Red Cross in Washington D.C. in May 1881, due to inspiration from the Swiss red cross and red cresset movement while she was in Europe. She created the American Red Cross because of the carnage she saw during the Civil War. During the Civil War, Clara fought for the adoption of the Geneva convention in the United States, to protect the war-injured which was put into movement in 1882.
    In 1914, WW1 was started and red cross started its first-aid, water safety and public health nursing programs. When the war started, the American Red Cross experienced phenomenal growth. The American Red Cross raised $400 million dollars to help American and Allied forces during the war.
    In 1918, the American Red Cross mainly focused on support for the veterans who survived the war. They also provided relief programs, like for people who survived the Mississippi floods, sever droughts and the Great Depression.
    WW2 broke out and once again the American Red Cross provided needed relief projects for soldiers. During WWII the first blood drives were initiated and 13.3 million pints of blood was collected for the Allied forces.
    After ww2 the American Red Cross joined forces with 175 other national societies to bring relief world wide.
  • On December, 25, 1812, the woman who was destined to create the American Red Cross was born. During the American civil war Clara Barton was a nurse and tended to wounded Massachusetts soldiers. During her time as a nurse in the war she said “I may be compelled to face danger, but never fear it, and while our soldiers can stand and fight, I can stand and feed and nurse them.” After the American civil war, Clara Barton saw the carnage wrought by the war and wondered……… what if the carnage here happens all around the world? Well she pondered on that for a long time then all the sudden on a trip to Geneva, Switzerland it hit her, the American Red cross! So she worked long and hard to finally create the American Red cross. But on April, 12th 1912, Clara Barton died alone with no husband.
  • There are five main services that the Red Cross has started. They are armed forces emergency service, bio medical service, disaster service, health & safety service, international service, and fundraising projects. The armed forces service is basically honoring the war veterans and providing service for the men and woman in the different wars. The bio medical service is pretty much blood drives for cancer victims, heart surgery, premature babies, and burn victims. The disaster services is mainly focused on natural disasters like hurricane Katrina, and the 1907 S.F. earth quake. But they also teach how to prevent disasters, like fires, gas pipe ruptures ect. The health & safety service teaches classes to provide and promote health & safety. Some of these classes are first aid & cpr. Cpr for the professional rescuer/ health care provider and for CPR instructors, life guards, baby sitters, and for people who take care of pets. International is basically all of the other services but internationally. Fundraising projects provide the money needed for all of the other projects and services.
  • Red Cross fights for your rights is pretty simple. The fight for your human right to have general health care in America and internationally. They also provide major health care for those countries who can’t afford it. They provide international relief from wars, natural disasters and man made disasters.
  • The American Red Cross is still relevant today because there are many disasters that are happening today and the Red Cross responds to these disasteres and provides medical care and supplies. Some of the most recent disasters they have responded to are:
  • The Indonesian Volcano eruptions, The Chile earthquake, and the Haiti earthquake.
  • Red Cross- Their science behind is very complicated due to the modern technology, red cross has more advanced ways then they use to such as they use to draw blood with only a needle now they use those balls so the volunteer doesn't notice the pain, they use rubber bands to stop the circulation and stop it from bleeding. But pertaining to communication they use radio, T.V. and internet websites that are very simple, short and they also rely on their reputation. When a natural disaster happens what do people normally do, they call and give donations to the Red Cross. Now Red Cross runs on donations from people like you and me for natural disasters and relief programs. They also relief on our donations for there equipment.
  • Now that Red Cross has been explained, we shall move on to Amnesty International.
  • Amnesty International has over 2.8 million supporters, activists and members in more than 150 countries and territories, and is currently the biggest human rights organization on earth. Their mission statement is, and I quote “Our vision is for every person to enjoy all the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights standards.” end quote.
  • Here is a map of the world, and there is England, where London is located, where Amnesty’s Headquarters is located.
  • Here is a map of london, and Amnesty’s Headquarters is on 1 Easton Street.
  • Amnesty international was started in 1961, when British lawyer, Peter Benenson launched an international Campaign, titled “Appeal for Amnesty 1961” when he published an article in The Observer, a newspaper, called “The Forgotten Prisoners.” The article was about two Portuguese students, who had raised their wine glasses in a toast to freedom, and were imprisoned for it. The article was reprinted all over the world, and Amnesty was born. Peter heard about the incident while reading a short newspaper article on the subject, while commuting on the London underground.
    The first meeting was held in July, with representatives from Belgium, The UK, France, Germany, Ireland, Switzerland, and The USA. They decided to base Amnesty around “a permanent international movement in defense of freedom of opinion and religion.” Amnesty is currently the oldest and biggest human rights organization.
  • Peter Benenson was born in London on 31 July 1921. He attended Eton College and Oxford University, for a degree in history at Balliol College. At Eton Collage, Peter converted from Judaism to Catholicism. As the Holocaust situation in Germany got worse, and Jewish people were being killed, Peter looked for ways to help. In 1937 he got his school friends and their families to help contribute to raise 4,000 pounds to bring two young German Jews to safety in Britain. Later that year, he helped his mother find homes for refugee children who had fled to London. In 1961, Amnesty is born. In 2005, Peter Benenson died of Pneumonia at 10:45 pm, on Friday, February 25th, in Oxford England.
  • In 1965 Amnesty International asked all countries to no longer practice capitol punishment. Capitol punishment is when someone is killed, by the government because they committed a crime. This could happen by lethal injection, as seen in the picture, where people are strapped to a chair and put to sleep, then injected with a sort of poison, dying painlessly. Other methods include being shot, hanged, stoned, and the electric chair, etc. etc. By 2003, 76 countries did not practice the death penalty any longer. The U.S.A, however, is not one of those countries and is still not today.
  • In 1972, Amnesty International launched its first worldwide campaign to abolish torture. They know that in some countries people were being tortured to give out information about others, or to confess something. The above picture depicts water boarding, a method of torture that was used by the Bush administration, in the U.S.A.
  • In 1973, the first “Urgent Action” taken by Amnesty International was for Professor Luiz Rossi, who had been arrested in Brazil for his political beliefs. When Amnesty declares someone an “Urgent Action,” then Amnesty makes the incident public, and people from all over the world send letters, emails, and faxes to the people responsible as soon as they can, to stop the person from being further tortured, or even killed. Professor Rossi was released from prison on bail and fled to Belgium . He believes that by the case being made public by Amnesty, his captors took more care in the way he was treated.
  • In 1977Amnesty International won the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • In 2004 Amnesty International began a new campaign called “Stop Violence Against Women.” All around the world women are beaten, and/or killed by their husbands, boyfriends, family, etc.
  • Amnesty International is still fighting for human rights today, the pictures on the slide are just some of the people from around the world, that Amnesty is trying to help. If you wanted to, you could, right now go to their website, and help by submitting a letter, in support of some of these people.
  • For Technology Amnesty International sends letters, faxes, and E-mails to people responsible for human rights violations. They also have their own website and YouTube channel, to promote themselves, and spread the word about human rights violations. The psychology of Amnesty International is that when Peter Benenson wrote the article about the two Portuguese students, people probably felt the same way about them as Peter, so when Amnesty International was established, many people joined, and helped the organization.
  • The following video is titled “Death to the Death Penalty,” and was made by Amnesty International.
  • Now we shall explain NAACP.
  • This is where NAACP head quarters is. Its located in Maryland.
  • This is one of the main reasons NAACP was created, lynching. Lynching can be described as being hanged by an angry mob with out a trial or even being accused of a crime. They hang you just because they can. Lynching was a wide spread problem until 1918 when NAACP came out with a book called 30 years of lynching only then did the public realize that lynching was a bad thing.
  • In 1909, a group started National Association for the Advancement of Colored People more commonly known as NAAP. NAACP’s mission is “To ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination". That is a direct quote on the NAACP”s home page.
  • In 1915, the NAACP took a major hit when the racist video Birth of a Nation was broad casted. The Birth of a Nation provoked great controversy for promoting white supremacy and positively portraying the "knights" of the Ku Klux Klan as heroes. Although the NAACP protested against the video, it didn’t work.
  • In 1948, the NAACP took a famous quote from Thomas Jefferson that said “The blood of Attucks nourishes the tree of liberty.” He was referring to Crispus Attucks, the escaped slave who was killed and started the revolutionary war. The NAACP used this quote to make this image clear that through the revolutionary and civil war African Americans have been heroically sacrificing themselves to protect all of our freedom, even when their basic rights as humans were denied. So NAACP made this know to the world, this was a big stepping stone.
  • In 1963 children from all over Alabama converged on D-day, to Birmingham Alabama. This was known as the children’s march. They marched into the white area to fill the jails, as the jails were filled, the President at the time took notice and in time started the civil-rights movement. But the movement was not signed until later.
  • In 1965, the NAACP started the right to vote for African Americans, and in 1965 it worked, African American people were allowed to vote.
  • In 1968, they used the help of one of the most influential men at the time, Martin Luther King Jr., to help them fight in one of their darkest hours, when the southern states had no slaves but had segregation. Luckily Martin Luther’s speeches and non-violent protests worked and stopped segregation. But in 1969 Martin Luther King Jr. was assassined.
  • In 1981, the NAACP started to remove the barrier of African American having lower pay checks. So in 1981, the NAACP fought and won the right for colored people to be paid equally.
  • In 2010, the 44th President of the United States, Barack Obama was elected. This was the perfect beacon used by the NAACP to fight for African American peoples rights. The NAACP is also fighting to stop the discrimination against Obama
  • On January 15, 1964, Martin Luther King Jr. was born. When this young man grew up he would not only become the most influential man in the NAACP, he would also be the biggest supporter of the African American civil rights movement of his time. Martin Luther was an American Baptist Preacher. The American Baptists split from the general Baptists during the civil war. The American Baptists did not believe that black people should be slaves and the regular Baptists were in support of slavery at that time. He had many models, some of them were Jesus, Abraham Lincoln and Mahatma Gandhi. Just like Gandhi, he supported non-violence, so he became a great political speaker and had a great influential voice. In 1955, he himself led the Montgomery bus boycott. In 1953, Martin Luther King Jr. spoke one of the most powerful speeches of all time. On the steps of Abraham Lincoln's monument, he gave the speech “I Have A Dream.” This single act led him to receive a Nobel peace prize for his successful efforts in ending the racial segregation in the United States. One quote from his speech is “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.” On April 4th 1968 he was assassinated and received the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his effort.
  • The NAACP has fought and won to end of white black segregation and made whites treat blacks fairly. Now there is a law that states that there will be no forced segregation. Unfortunately there is a loupe hole there can be segregation if the citizens ask for it.
  • Unfortunately there is still segregation. For example, there are neighborhoods that are only African American and ones that are only whites. There are also churches that are only African Americans and ones that are only whites, and schools that African Americana only attended and schools that whites only attened. NAACP is still fighting so that the two races will learn to get along.
  • This is a current map of segregation, fortunately this is not forced segregation, but the citizens want this segregation to happen. Light orange is least segregated, the next darkest is nest most segregated. Darkest orange is the 3rd most segg. Light pink is the 4th most segregated. Last but not least dark pink is the most segregated in the united state. The larger the dots get the larger area they cover.
  • The science behind the NAACP is actually very simple. They have tea parties. At these tea parties they talk and plan about the past, present, future. There communication is thru tea parties, internet websites, T.V. adds and commercials. When I say NAACP weapons, I mean like Gandhi, non-violent protests , sit-ins, speeches, rally's and marches. They used these types of non-violent weapons during their early ages during the civil-rights movement.
  • This concludes our explanation and description of four of the Major Human and Civil rights groups.
  • Nathan: Oh no! I’m a survivor of a serious natural disaster and I need help! What kind of Humans rights group can help me in this scenario?
    Mason: Dodo dodo. RED CROSS can help! Here are some pills to help your wounds heal get in the helicopter and we’ll go help more people!
    Together: What Human rights group is needed here?
  • Nathan: I have a political view that criticizes the government!
    Mason: I’m the government and your going in jail because of your idea.
    Together: What Human rights group is needed here?
    Mason: (pretended to right a letter to the government leave it on the ground) I’m Amnesty and I’m righting a letter to the government!
    Mason: I’m the government and look it’s a letter (read) let the prisoner go? Well if he's that important.
    Nathan: Yeah I’m free thank you Amnesty!
  • Mason: I’m not going to let you be a voter because your black!
    Together: What Human rights group is needed here?
    Nathan: No! I’m NAACP and you can’t to that!
    Mason: I’m sorry. I won’t do that any more.
  • Mason: Oh no! My water is very dirty and the energy here is coal and the coal gets tons of people sick every week we need a new and cleaner energy and water system.
    Together: What Human rights group is needed here?
    Nathan: I’m UNESCO and I’m here to purify your water and give you a new cleaner energy system!
    Mason: Thanks UNESCO!
    Together: What Human rights group is needed here?
  • Transcript

    • 1. By Mason Krey and Nathan Hughes
    • 2. To Do List of Human Rights GroupsTo Do List of Human Rights Groups  5 Essential Question  Definitions  Human Rights Groups  Unesco  Red Cross  Amnesty  NAACP  Scenario  Pop Quiz  5 Essential Answers  Why We Need Human Rights Groups  Connection to Theme  Bibliography
    • 3. 5 Essential Questions 1. What is the biggest organization fighting for human rights? 2. Where is Amnesty's, UNESCO’s, Red Cross’ and NAACP’s head quarters? 3. Which of the four organizations that we covered today won the Nobel Peace Prize? 4. Who founded Amnesty, UNESCO, Red cross, NAACP and in what year? 5. Why are there so many organizations?
    • 4. Definition of human rights • Human rights-fundamental rights, esp. those believed to belong to an individual and in whose exercise a government may not interfere, as the rights to speak, associate, work, etc.
    • 5. Definition of civil rights • Civil rights- rights to personal liberty established by the 13th and 14th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution and certain Congressional acts, esp. as applied to an individual or a minority group.
    • 6. Why We Need Human rights Groups Mass grave from WW2 Child labor Victim from the A-bomb in Hiroshima Cambodian holocaust American slaves Able bodied slaves forced to clean up the dead. WW2 Tulsa race riot
    • 7. Human Rights Groups • UNESCO • Red Cross • Amnesty International • NAACP
    • 8. UNESCO
    • 9. The Formation of UNESCO • CAME, 1942 • Education around the world • Second conference, London • 44 participating countries • UNESCO is born, 1945 • First Official General Conference, Paris
    • 10. UNESCO House
    • 11. UNESCO’s Achievements
    • 12. UNESCO’s Relevance
    • 13. UNESCO Science Behind • Psychology • Technology
    • 14. Human Rights Groups  UNESCO • Red cross • Amnesty International • NAACP
    • 15. Red Cross • Blood Drives • Health Care • Natural Disasters • World Wide War Relief • Started in Geneva, Switzerland
    • 16. Red Cross Headquarters
    • 17. Red Cross History  Clara Barton Founded the American Red Cross  Geneva Convention Started  Red Cross Aided Allied Soldiers in World War I  1927 Relief Projects Started After War  World War II Blood Donations Initiated  1919 Red Cross Joins 175 Human Rights Organizations
    • 18. Important Person: Clara Barton •Founder of American Red Cross •Teacher, Nurse, Humanitarian •Oxford, Massachusetts •Single
    • 19. Red Cross Projects • Armed Forces Emergency Service • Bio Medical Service • Disaster Service • Health & Safety Service • International Services • Fundraising Projects
    • 20. Red Cross Fights For Your Rights • General Health Care • Major Health Care • Relief Projects
    • 21. Relevance
    • 22. The Haiti Earthquake
    • 23. Chile Earthquake
    • 24. Indonesian Volcano
    • 25.  Drawing blood  Communication  Donations
    • 26. Human rights groups  UNESCO  Red Cross • Amnesty International • NAACP
    • 27. Amnesty International “Our vision is for every person to enjoy all the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights standards.”
    • 28. Amnesty’s History • 1961 • Peter Benenson • “The Forgotten Prisoners” • Biggest!
    • 29. Important Person - Peter Benenson • Born 1921, London • Catholicism • 4,000 pounds • Refugee children • Died 2005, Oxford, England
    • 30. Amnesty International’s Projects, and Achievements
    • 31. 1965
    • 32. 1972
    • 33. 1973
    • 34. 1977
    • 35. 2004
    • 36. Amnesty International’s Relevance
    • 37. Amnesty International Science Behind • Technology • Psychology
    • 38. Video Time!
    • 39. Human rights groups  UNESCO  Red Cross  Amnesty International • NAACP
    • 40. NAACP • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People • African American Rights • Social Fairness
    • 41. Human rights map NAACP
    • 42. NAACP History • 1889-1918 • 1909 • 1915 • 1919 • 1948 • 1963 • 1965 • 1968 • 1981 • 2010
    • 43. 1889-1918
    • 44. 1909
    • 45. 1915
    • 46. 1948
    • 47. 1963
    • 48. 1965
    • 49. 1968
    • 50. 1981
    • 51. 2010
    • 52. Important Person: Martin Luther King Jr. • Member of NAACP • American Baptist • I Have A Dream • Nobel Peace Prize
    • 53. Relevant
    • 54. Science Behind NAACP • Tea parties • Communication • Weapons
    • 55. Human rights groups  UNESCO  Red Cross  Amnesty International  NAACP
    • 56. Scenario #1 Red Cross
    • 57. Scenario #2 Amnesty
    • 58. Scenario #3 NAACP
    • 59. Scenario #4 UNESCO
    • 60. Essential Answer #1 • Q: What is the biggest organization fighting for human rights? • A: The biggest organization fighting for human rights is Amnesty International.
    • 61. Essential Answer #2 • Q: Where is Amnesty International’s, UNESCO’s, Red Cross’ and NAACP’s head quarters located? • A: Amnesty International: London England, UNESCO: Paris France, Red cross: Washington D.C., NAACP: Baltimore Maryland
    • 62. Essential Answer #3 • Q: Which of the four organizations that we covered today won the Nobel Peace Prize? • A: Amnesty International
    • 63. Essential Answer #4 • Q: Who founded Amnesty, UNESCO, Red Cross and NAACP? • A: Amnesty: Peter Benson, Unesco: It was found by 37 different country's, Red cross: Clara Barton, NAACP: Ida B. Wells, Archibald Grimké, Henry Moscowitz, Mary White Ovington, Oswald Garrison Villard, William English Walling, Florence Kelly
    • 64. Essential Answer #5 • Q: Why are there so many organizations? • A: They are so many to meet the many different needs of different countries and people around the world.
    • 65. Connection to theme • This is connected to our theme human rights/civil rights because these are the people and org. fighting for everybody's human and civil rights.
    • 66. Bibliography Websites http://www.redcross.org/museum/history/brief.asp http://www.thinkfinity.org/?q=naacp-resources http://www.hrweb.org/orgs.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Association_for_the_Advancement_of _Colored_People http://www.censusscope.org/us/map_segregation_black.gif http://www.abc.net.au/civics/rights/why.htm
    • 67. Bibliography Books • The NAACP: Journey to Freedom by Andrew Santella in 2004 • Humanitarian Organizations: Red Cross by Ann Parry • NAACP 100: Celebrating a Century in Pictures by Gibbs Smith • Humanitarian Organizations: Amnesty International by Ann Parry • International Organizations: Amnesty International by Deena Banks
    • 68. Bibliography • Place Visited - Museum of Tolerance • Video - The Children's March; Death to the Death Penalty
    • 69. The End