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Genocide (Bosnia, Darfur, Rwanda)

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  • Up to 400,000 people have died due as a result of direct attacks and conflict induced malnutrition and disease. The vast majority of these have been women, children and civilian men.
    More than 3 million people have been displaced and are living in IDP camps
    More than 350,000 people are deprived of humanitarian support due to the threat of attack faced by aid workers. Thousands starve each month due to the Sudanese government impeding humanitarian aid efforts
    A further 4 million Darfuri residents are dependant on limited international humanitarian assistance. The violence is now spilling onto neighbouring Eastern Chad.
  • April 2003 — Generally regarded as the beginning date of the genocide in Darfur.
    May 2004 — Physicians for Human Rights investigation in refugee camps along the Chad/Sudan border concluded that genocide was unfolding in Sudan
    January 2005 — United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Darfur found that the government of Sudan provided weapons to pro-government militias in Darfur and that “government forces and militias conducted indiscriminate attacks, including killing of civilians, torture, enforced disappearances, destruction of villages, rape and other forms of sexual violence, pillaging and forced displacement, throughout Darfur. The commission recommended a referral to the ICC and named 51 suspects to be considered.
    March 2005 — The UN Security Council adopted resolution 1593 referring the situation in Darfur since 1 July 2002 to the ICC. 
    December 2005 — Human Rights Watch reported: “The Sudanese government at the highest levels is responsible for widespread and systematic abuses in Darfur.” September 2006 — President Bush speech to the UN identifying the "unspeakable violence" and "atrocities" in Darfur as genocide.
  • ov. Put up with till 2003 when they became official, as pat of gov
  • Government neglect has left the people throughout Sudan poor and voiceless. In February 2003, the non-Arab ethnic groups of Darfur launched an uprising against the Kartoum government. The government responded by implementing their campaign of genocide, enlisting the help of Arab militia in Darfur called the Janjaweed.
    The dispute is racial, not religious: Muslim Arab Sudanese are killing Muslim black Sudanese.
    A typical situation is this: The Janjaweed will enter a village on horse or camel back. They then set about causing as much mayhem and terror as possible: destroying houses and buildings, shooting the men, etc. The village is generally destroyed, families dispersed and separated, most killed. Those who manage to escape then attempt the long journey to an IDP (Internally displaced persons) camp.
    very few functioning villages left in the Darfur region as most of them have been systematically attacked in this way.
  • Transcript

    • 1. By: Katia, Elonnie, Elora, HaleyBy: Katia, Elonnie, Elora, Haley Brought to you by the same makerBrought to you by the same maker of Japan, Islam, and Europe A.of Japan, Islam, and Europe A.
    • 2. • The deliberate and systematic destruction of a certain group • Either racial, religious, or national groups Genocide is …
    • 3. • Holocaust • Rwanda • Darfur • Bosnia Examples of genocide
    • 4. •Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in SoutheasternBosnia and Herzegovina is located in Southeastern EuropeEurope •Bordered with Croatia to the north and southwestBordered with Croatia to the north and southwest •Bordered with Serbia to the eastBordered with Serbia to the east •Borders the Adriatic Sea along its coastlineBorders the Adriatic Sea along its coastline The arrow to the right is referring to the general area where Srebrenica would be
    • 5. 19801980 •Srebrenica is now a Bosniak enclave in French and Dutch governments. •Bosnia’s independence recognized by U.S. Yugoslavia's president Tito died. 19901990 Elections brought nationalists to power in Croatia and Slovenia. 19911991 Croatia, Slovenia, and Macedonia declared independence and were all recognized worldwide. 19921992 1993-19941993-1994 Bosnian Serbs and Croats fight over each other’s land, with the Croats coming out victorious. WHEN?
    • 6. WHOWHO Who was an influencer in the BosnianWho was an influencer in the Bosnian Genocides?Genocides? •Radovan Karadzic was a Bosnian Serb leader •Uzeir-aga Hadzihasanovic was the leader of Sarajevo Who was targeted?Who was targeted? •Jews •Gypsies •Muslims •Homosexuals Who were affected?Who were affected? •Bosnian Serbs •Bosnian Croats and Muslims
    • 7. What are theWhat are the effects?effects? I. Political and ethnic differencesI. Political and ethnic differences keep unison a strugglekeep unison a struggle II. Presidency is switched off everyII. Presidency is switched off every 3 years by each group3 years by each group   III. All three groups still wantIII. All three groups still want more power over the othermore power over the other IV. The effects of the Bosnian WarIV. The effects of the Bosnian War and Genocide are still thereand Genocide are still there V. Still ethnic chaos in Bosnia;V. Still ethnic chaos in Bosnia; Thought of possible reoccurrenceThought of possible reoccurrence (On Bosnia)
    • 8. 1.The breakup of Yugoslavia1.The breakup of Yugoslavia 2.Greed2.Greed 3.Ethnic cleansing3.Ethnic cleansing 4. Serbians betray Bosnians4. Serbians betray Bosnians WHY?
    • 9. RelevantRelevant Do we still feel the genocides effects today?Do we still feel the genocides effects today? YesYes Did we learn anything from this?Did we learn anything from this? Probably notProbably not Are there new laws because of this?Are there new laws because of this? YesYes Is it still happening?Is it still happening? Not in BosniaNot in Bosnia
    • 10. Important PeopleImportant People War crimes committedWar crimes committed againstagainst Bosnian Muslims and BosnianBosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats during the Siege ofCroats during the Siege of SarajevoSarajevo Srebrenica massacreSrebrenica massacre Accused of…Accused of… ““Serbs and Muslims are like catsSerbs and Muslims are like cats and dogs. They can not liveand dogs. They can not live together in peace. It is impossible.”together in peace. It is impossible.” -Radovan-Radovan
    • 11. Important *GroupsImportant *Groups Amnesty: Gives Justice to the women raped by Serbs during the Bosnian war U.N.: Creating Asylum Systems for refugees and migrants N.A.T.O: (1992) Demanded Serbs withdraw their artillery from Sarajevo comply *Only Amnesty and U.N. are still currently working today to help refugees from Bosnia Bill Clinton had promised during his election would stop the ethnic cleansing
    • 12. Technology CRAPCRAP Propaganda Those who survived Srebrenica genocide and vicious attacks against them "...described mortar shells that produced a strange smoke, one that spread out slowly." Survivors testified that some people then began to hallucinate and act irrationally, killing themselves or their friends. •Methods of killing included… •Poison •Gas •Rape •Hanging •Clubbing •Stabbing •Burning •Buried alive Killers included who thought they were taking part in a Holy War for God’s s
    • 13.  Similar to Hitler’s Holocaust, if you disagreed with the way things were going down…You’d be killed.  Racism, Prejudice, and Semitism would keep you from opposing the ideas and actions.
    • 14. Sociology Were there social roles? •Presidents •Military Leaders •Villagers What were the consequences on the society roles? •Business declines •Families would be killed •Destruction of villages
    • 15. The map to your right shows the military actions in western Bosnia that helped end the war before November 1994 3.11.1994. 24.12.1994. 7.4.1995 11.6.1995 30.7.1995 7.8.1995 17.9.1995 19.9.1995 15.10.1995 These numbers indicate the dates that were taken action on.
    • 16. Geography forGeography for DarfurDarfur
    • 17. Affects and continuationAffects and continuation – Mayhem and terror – Dispute is racial – Up to 400,000 people – IDP camps – 350,000 people – Dependant on international humanitarian assistance. – Eastern Chad
    • 18. DDaarfur Genocide Timelinerfur Genocide Timeline
    • 19. JJanjaweedanjaweed • Started in 1988 • Government put up with till 2003 when they became official officials • Started campaign attack against rebels in Darfur • Then went there to take over rebel land • In 2007 declared official genocide started in 2003 Partisan- a adherent or supporter of a person, group, party, or cause, esp. a person who shows a biased, emotional allegiance.
    • 20. What and HowWhat and How • What is happening in Darfur? – Government neglect – Non-Arab ethnic groups launched an uprising – The government’s response – Racial, not religious  How is the violence being conducted? – The Janjaweed will enter a village – Cause Mayhem and Terror – Village destroyed, families dispersed and separated, most killed. – Very few functioning villages left
    • 21. http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =L-ojg9UjMk0
    • 22. Rwanda Genocide Where, What, When, Who, and Why
    • 23. Where?
    • 24. Where?
    • 25. Where?
    • 26. What and When? (Timeline) 1910 197019501930 1916 19161916 1962
    • 27. Timeline April, 1994 July, 1994 June, 1994 August, 1993 April 6, 1994 X Juvenal
    • 28. Who? (Important People) Paul Kagame • Born • Joined Military • Tusis rebel leader • Claimed to shoot plane • Current President
    • 29. Why? JEALOUSY
    • 30. Connection to theme • Genocide No Human Rights 
    • 31. Mad World
    • 32. Mad World All around me are familiar faces Worn out places, worn out faces Bright and early for their daily races Going nowhere, going nowhere
    • 33. Mad World And their tears are filling up their glasses No expression, no expression Hide my head I want to drown my sorrow No tomorrow, no tomorrow
    • 34. Mad World And I find it kind of funny I find it kind of sad The dreams in which I'm dying Are the best I've ever had
    • 35. Mad World I find it hard to tell you I find it hard to take When people run in circles It's a very, very… Mad World
    • 36. Mad World Children running from the men who kill them No escaping, No escaping Tryn’ to get rid of the blameless people Trying to run, Trying to run away
    • 37. Mad World Walking down the street, you’re very nervous Watching corners, watching corners Hello haters tell me what’s your reason? You look right through me, look right through me
    • 38. Mad World And I find it kind of funny I find it kind of sad The dreams in which I'm dying Are the best I've ever had
    • 39. Mad World I find it hard to tell you I find it hard to take When people run in circles It's a very, very… Mad World
    • 40. Q: Why or whatQ: Why or what motivated peoplemotivated people to do theto do the genocides?genocides? A: Power, prejudice,A: Power, prejudice, greed, and orgreed, and or jealousy werejealousy were
    • 41. Q: Who or whatQ: Who or what groups did thesegroups did these acts?acts? A: The Janjaweed,A: The Janjaweed, Bosnian Serbs, andBosnian Serbs, and Hutus committedHutus committed these actsthese acts
    • 42. Q: Where did the genocides happen? A: Southern Europe Bosnia and Africa, Darfur and Rwanda
    • 43. Q: What times did theQ: What times did the genocides takegenocides take place?place? A: These genocidesA: These genocides happened in 1992-happened in 1992- 1995 (Bosnia), 19941995 (Bosnia), 1994 (Rwanda) , and 2003-(Rwanda) , and 2003- today( Darfur)today( Darfur)
    • 44. Q: When was theQ: When was the last genocide eventlast genocide event to occur?to occur? A: The genocide inA: The genocide in Darfur is stillDarfur is still occurring todayoccurring today
    • 45. BIBLIOGRAPHY!:D • http://www.ppu.org.uk/genocide/g _bosnia.html • http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/ genocide/bosnia_genocide.htm • http://www.hmh.org/ed_genocide_ bosnia.shtml • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bosnia n_Genocide • http://www.historyplace.com/world history/genocide/bosnia.htm • http://www.history.com/topics/bos nian-genocide • http://bgdw.wordpress.com/ • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operat ion_Storm •http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive /topics_49192.htm •http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rwanda n_Genocide •http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/1288230 .stm •http://www.ppu.org.uk/genocide/g_ rwanda.html •http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/ genocide/genocide_in_rwanda.htm •http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/ genocide/genocide_in_rwanda.htm •http://www.rwanda-genocide.org/
    • 46. Bibliography • Keane, Fergal Season of Blood: A Rwandan Journey Penguin Group, 1995 • Neier, Aryeh War Crimes: Brutality, Genocide, Terror, and the Struggle for Justice Random House Inc.,1998 • Steidle, Brian The Devil Came Back on Horseback Public Affairs, 2007
    • 47. Yeah, we know you think our Powerpoint is…
    • 48. You know you’re jealous…:) You Know You’re Jealous…:)You Know You’re Jealous…:) (P.S…(P.S… Elonnie hated this idea.)Elonnie hated this idea.)
    • 49. Was Elonnie’s idea. Okay…we’re done now:)

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