Article 6: All children have the right to life. Governments should ensure that children survive and develop healthily. Article 12: Children have the right to say what they think should happen when adults are making decisions that affect them, and to have their opinions taken into account. Article 14: Children have the right to think and believe what they want.
Article 23: Children who have any kind of disability have the right to special care and support so that they can lead full and independent lives. Article 31: Children have the right to relax and play, and join in a wide range of cultural, artistic, and other recreational activities. Article 37: No one is allowed to punish children in a cruel or harmful way.
Child labor started in the late 1700s. Children went from working with there parents on farms to working in factories witch was dangerous because they could loose body parts. They started working at the age of 4. they lost there youth from working 12 to 18 hours for 6 days a week and working in harsh conditions. Even though children worked so hard they would be paid 75cents to $1. child labor is still around but not in as many places as before.
Child Labor Reform and the U.S. Labor Movement 1832 New England unions condemn child labor The New England Association of Farmers, Mechanics and Other Workingmen resolve that “Children should not be allowed to labor in the factories from morning till night, without any time for healthy recreation and mental culture,” for it “endangers their . . . well-being and health” Women’s Trade Union League of New York 1836 Early trade unions propose state minimum age laws Union members at the National Trades’ Union Convention make the first formal, public proposal recommending that states establish minimum ages for factory work 1836 First state child labor law Massachusetts requires children under 15 working in factories to attend school at least 3 months/year 1842 States begin limiting children’s work days Massachusetts limits children’s work days to 10 hours; other states soon pass similar laws—but most of these laws are not consistently enforced 1876 Labor movement urges minimum age law Working Men’s Party proposes banning the employment of children under the age of 14 1881 Newly formed AFL supports state minimum age laws The first national convention of the American Federation of Labor passes a resolution calling on states to ban children under 14 from all gainful employment 1883 New York unions win state reform Led by Samuel Gompers, the New York labor movement successfully sponsors legislation prohibiting cigar making in tenements, where thousands of young children work in the trade 1892 Democrats adopt union recommendations Democratic Party adopts platform plank based on union recommendations to ban factory employment for children under 15 National Child Labor Committee 1904 National Child Labor Committee forms Aggressive national campaign for federal child labor law reform begins 1916 New federal law sanctions state violators First federal child labor law prohibits movement of goods across state lines if minimum age laws are violated (law in effect only until 1918, when it’s declared unconstitutional, then revised, passed, and declared unconstitutional again) 1924 First attempt to gain federal regulation fails Congress passes a constitutional amendment giving the federal government authority to regulate child labor, but too few states ratify it and it never takes effect 1936 Federal purchasing law passes Walsh-Healey Act states U.S. government will not purchase goods made by underage children 1937 Second attempt to gain federal regulation fails Second attempt to ratify constitutional amendment giving federal government authority to regulate child labor falls just short of getting necessary votes 1937 New federal law sanctions growers Sugar Act makes sugar beet growers ineligible for benefit payments if they violate state minimum age and hours of work standards 1938 Federal regulation of child labor achieved in Fair Labor Standards Act For the first time, minimum ages of employment and hours of work for children are regulated by federal law
Most times the kids are put into slavery by a gangster who kidnapped them or by their parents who force them to do work like do the farm work Also they use little children as sex slaves by kidnappers or sick parents Also people sell their children just to make a little bit of money Most the time slaves cost less than an iPod Today in this economy there are 300,000 child slaves just in Haiti
Child soldiers perform a range of tasks including participation in combat, laying mines and explosives; scouting, spying, acting as decoys, couriers or guards; training, drill or other preparations There are an estimated 250,000 child soldiers in the world today. Children involved in armed conflict are frequently killed or injured during combat or while carrying out other tasks. Child soldiers are in Burundi, Chad, Colombia, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sri Lanka, Sudan and Uganda, Central African Republic, Somalia amongst others. Children are used as soldiers because they are easier to condition and brainwash. They don&apos;t eat much food, don&apos;t need paying much and have an underdeveloped sense of risk/danger so are easier to send into the line of fire.
There are no definitions of other terms used to describe young people such as “adolescents” &quot;teenagers&quot; or “youth&quot; in international law The children&apos;s rights movement is a historical and modern movement committed to the acknowledgment, expansion, and/or regression of the rights of children around the world The Rights of Infants was published in 1796 it was ahead of its time. Charles brace use child aid society to help take in children Social experiment for transporting children in 1800s it transported an estimated 300000 orphans from place to place 1852 children must start going to school The Children’s Aid Society (CAS) is a private charitable organization based in New York City. It serves 150,000 children per year, providing foster care, medical and mental health services In the 1890s The national child labor committee, or nclc, is a private, non-profit organization in the United States that serves as a leading proponent for the national child labor reform movement
Yes we have the remains of a great thing More homes and orphanages for homeless kids Less child abuse and they will catch the people More kids have at least one family member there is less kids walking alone on the street without a family ,110less the earlier in time
Mary Ellen Wilson (1864–1956) or sometimes Mary Ellen McCormack was an American whose case of child abuse led to the creation of the New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. As an 8 year old, she was severely abused by her stepparents, Francis and Mary Connolly. She was adopted at 1. Her case was made at age 12.
In June 1897, after Mary addressed the railway union convention, she began to be referred to as &quot;Mother&quot; by the men of the union. The name stuck. That summer, when the 9,000-member Mine Workers called a nationwide strike of bituminous (soft coal) miners and tens of thousands of miners laid down their tools, Mary arrived in Pittsburgh to assist them. She became &quot;Mother Jones&quot; to millions of working men and women across the country for her efforts on behalf of the miners. Mother Jones was so effective the Mine Workers sent her into the coalfields to sign up miners with the union. She agitated in the anthracite fields of eastern Pennsylvania, the company towns of West Virginia and the harsh coal camps of Colorado. Nearly anywhere coal miners, textile workers or steelworkers were fighting to organize a union, Mother Jones was there. She was banished from more towns and was held incommunicado in more jails in more states than any other union leader of the time. In 1912, she was even charged with a capital offense by a military tribunal in West Virginia and held under house arrest for weeks until popular outrage and national attention forced the governor to release her. Mother Jones was deeply affected by the &quot;machine-gun massacre&quot; in Ludlow, Colo., when National Guardsmen raided a tent colony of striking miners and their families, killing 20 people—mostly women and children. She traveled across the country, telling the story, and testified before the U.S. Congress. In addition to miners, Mother Jones also was very concerned about child workers. During a silk strike in Philadelphia, 100,000 workers—including 16,000 children—left their jobs over a demand that their workweek be cut from 60 to 55 hours. To attract attention to the cause of abolishing child labor, in 1903, she led a children’s march of 100 children from the textile mills of Philadelphia to New York City &quot;to show the New York millionaires our grievances.&quot; She led the children all the way to President Theodore Roosevelt’s Long Island home. In her 80s, Mother Jones settled down near Washington, D.C., in 1921 but continued to travel across the country. In 1924, although unable to hold a pen between her fingers, she made her last strike appearance in Chicago in support of striking dressmakers, hundreds of whom were arrested and black-listed during their ill-fated four month-long struggle. She died at the age of 94 in Silver Spring, Md., and was buried in the Union Miners Cemetery in Mount Olive, Ill.
Samuel Gompers was an English-born American labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history. Gompers founded the American Federation of Labor (AFL), and served as that organization&apos;s president from 1886 to 1894 and from 1895 until his death in 1924. He promoted harmony among the different craft unions that comprised the AFL, trying to minimize jurisdictional battles. He promoted &quot;thorough&quot; organization and collective bargaining to secure shorter hours and higher wages, the first essential steps, he believed, to emancipating labor. He also encouraged the AFL to take political action to &quot;elect their friends&quot; and &quot;defeat their enemies.&quot; During World War I, Gompers and the AFL worked with the government to avoid strikes and boost morale, while raising wage rates and expanding membership. January 27, 1850 – December 13, 1924
John Dewey becomes president of the American Psychological Association, openly advocates for children&apos;s rights, and later writes several books about progressive education that emphasize the necessity for children&apos;s rights in education and throughout democratic society. He is acknowledged as one of the heroes of the children&apos;s rights movement in the United States. Dewey died in New York City on 1 June 1952.
Mentally: The children where mentally damaged when the people would abuse them. So when the would grow up they would be mentally damaged. Like if someone was beat up as a child they would be scared for life and could maybe be nonsocial or always depressed. Psychology: People let this happen but not on purpose. Some knew what was going on others didn’t. The ones that did know were either the people doing it or they were protesting about it. The ones that did know just didn&apos;t do anything. Technology: The used news to tell everyone that people where mistreating the children and some people would take pictures of the child workers or slaves and put the pictures on the news paper to raise awareness.
Kenya has plans to test four million people in their homes next year for H.I.V., the virus that causes AIDS, and the advocacy group Human Rights Watch recently sent the Kenyan government a letter asking that it ensure that all those tested — particularly children and teenagers — have their rights protected during the process. About 150,000 children are believed to be infected in Kenya, which has a widespread epidemic. Offering tests and counseling at home is seen as crucial because many people cannot be persuaded to go to a clinic for testing for fear of being seen there. But testing children at home can create serious family problems. The rights group asked that outreach workers obtain the consent of older children rather than relying on demands from parents or other relatives, especially if the child is pregnant or already a parent, and also that they stay nearby when results are given “In the past,” the group said, “children have been kicked out of their home, exploited or physically ill-treated by their relatives when their status became known.” A report about Kenya’s epidemic, which the organization issued last year, painted a grim picture. Orphans are often treated badly or fed little by resentful relatives who take them in. Some parents refuse to give children antiretroviral pills, even when they are in the home, because they can cause nausea, pain or hunger, while food is scarce and expensive.
The children’s rights laws were made because children were being treated wrong and sometimes abused, like they weren’t human beings.
Most of the time, they had to do work in factories. They would do small things like make cigar boxes, or yarn. Sometimes they would even work in fish canning factories, using knives to open oysters so they could cut out the meat. They also worked in landromats, which resutled in them breathing in dangerous chemicals.
The children usually got paid a small amount of two or three dollars a week. Girls made less money than boys, who did the exact same jobs, but just by a different name. For working 12 hours a day, 5 days a week, they would get paid nine dollars a day for shelling nuts. Since girls were paid half of the price, they were paid four dollars and fifty cents.
There are forty-two different children’s rights laws. This includes the right to privacy, life, and the right to stay with their parents.
In the 1890s, adult factory workers began to join together to form labor unions so they could bargain for better working conditions and better wages. These benefits naturally extended down to the children workers as well.
5 essential questions
5 essential answers
5 Essential Questions
•Why were the children’s rights laws made?
•What kind of work did children have to do?
•How much did the children get paid?
•How many rights laws are there?
•How did the push for Children’s working rights get
Articles 1-5: All children under the age of 18 have these rights regardless of their race,
religion, abilities; whatever they think or say, whatever type of family they come from.
Article 6: All children have the right to life. Governments should ensure that children surviveArticle 6: All children have the right to life. Governments should ensure that children survive
and develop healthily.and develop healthily.
Articles 7-8: All children have the right to a legally registered name and nationality.
Articles 9-11, 18-21, 25: Children have the right to stay with their families unless it is for their
own good. Children have the right to be properly cared for, and protected from violence,
abuse and neglect by their parents, or anyone else who looks after them. If they cannot be
looked after by their own family, children have the right to be looked after properly by
people who respect their religion, culture, and language. This situation should be reviewed
regularly. When children are adopted the first concern must be what is best for them.
Article 12: Children have the right to say what they think should happen when adults areArticle 12: Children have the right to say what they think should happen when adults are
making decisions that affect them, and to have their opinions taken into account.making decisions that affect them, and to have their opinions taken into account.
Article 13 and 17: Children have the right to get and share information as long as the
information is not damaging to them or to others.
Article 14: Children have the right to think and believe what they want.Article 14: Children have the right to think and believe what they want.
Article 15: Children have the right to meet together and join groups.
Article 16: Children have the right to privacy.
Article 22: Children who come into a country as refugees should have the same rights as
children born in that country.
Article 23: Children who have any kind of disability have the right to special care and support so that theyArticle 23: Children who have any kind of disability have the right to special care and support so that they
can lead full and independent lives.can lead full and independent lives.
Article 24: Children have the right to good quality health care, to clean water, nutritious food, and a clean
environment, so that they will stay healthy.
Article 26: Children – either through their guardians or directly – have the right to help from the
government if they are poor or in need.
Article 27: Children have the right to a standard of living that is good enough to meet their physical and
Article 28-29: All children have the right to a primary education, which should be free. Young people
should be encouraged to reach the highest level of education of which they are capable and develop each
child’s personality, talents and abilities to the fullest.
Article 30: Minority or indigenous children have the right to learn about and practice their own culture,
language and religion.
Article 31: Children have the right to relax and play, and to join in a wide range of cultural, artistic andArticle 31: Children have the right to relax and play, and to join in a wide range of cultural, artistic and
other recreational activities.other recreational activities.
Article 32: Children have the right to be protected from work that is dangerous or might harm their health
or their education. Children's work should not jeopardize any of their other rights, including the right to
education, or the right to relaxation and play.
Article 33-36, 39: Children have the right to be protected from all forms of exploitation and abuse.
Article 37:Article 37: No one is allowed to punish children in a cruel or harmful way.No one is allowed to punish children in a cruel or harmful way.
Article 38: Children under 18 should not be forced or recruited to take part in a war or join the armed
Article 40: Children who are accused of breaking the law have the right to legal help and fair treatment in a
justice system that respects their rights.
Children’s Rights Laws~ Explained
Articles 1-5: All children under the age of 18
have these rights regardless of their race, religion,
abilities; whatever they think or say, whatever
type of family they come from.
Article 12: Children have the right to say what
they think should happen when adults are
making decisions that affect them, and to have
their opinions taken into account.
Article 27: Children have the right to a standard
of living that is good enough to meet their
physical and mental needs.
Article 38: Children under 18 should not be
forced or recruited to take part in a war or join
the armed forces.
Children’s Divorce Laws~
1- Neither parent shall deny the child reasonable use of the telephone to place and
receive calls with the other parent or relatives
5- Each parent will permit the child to display photographs of the other parent or
both parents in the child’s room.
19: Neither parent will say or do things with an eye to gaining the child as an “ally”
against the other parent.
22- Neither parent will try to make the child believe he or she loves the child more
than the other parent, by, for example, saying that he or she loves the child than the
other parent or over informing the child on adult topics or overindulging the child.
Laws ComparedLaws Compared
1.1. The right to equality, regardless of raceThe right to equality, regardless of race,,
colour, religion, national, or socialcolour, religion, national, or social
2.2. The right to develop physically andThe right to develop physically and
mentally in a healthy manner.mentally in a healthy manner.
3.3. The right to a name and nationality.The right to a name and nationality.
4.4. The right to adequate nutrition,The right to adequate nutrition,
housing, and medical services.housing, and medical services.
5.5. The right to special care, ifThe right to special care, if
6.6. The right to love, understanding andThe right to love, understanding and
7.7. The right to free education, to play andThe right to free education, to play and
8.8. The right to be among the first toThe right to be among the first to
recieve relief in time so disaster.recieve relief in time so disaster.
9.9. The right to protection against all formsThe right to protection against all forms
of neglect, cruelty and exploitation.of neglect, cruelty and exploitation.
10.10. The right to be brought up in a spirit ofThe right to be brought up in a spirit of
tolerance, peace and universaltolerance, peace and universal
Iran lawsIran laws
The right to develop physically andThe right to develop physically and
mentally in a healthly manner.mentally in a healthly manner.
The right to a name andThe right to a name and
The right to adequate nutrition,The right to adequate nutrition,
housing, and medical services.housing, and medical services.
The right to protection against allThe right to protection against all
forms of neglect, cruelty andforms of neglect, cruelty and
When Child labor started.
Working in factories.
How old they were when they started working.
Child labor today
a range of tasks
Child rights history
child rights movement
"A child is any human being below the age of eighteen years,
unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained
Historical and modern movement
1796 Thomas Spence book
1800s orphan train
1852 to attend school
1853 children's aid society
1890s child labor committee
1924 constitutional amendment
1929 orphan stops
1938 frank d. Roosevelt made child labor law
Has anything gotten better?
Mary Ellen Wilson
Case of child abuse
New York Society for
the Prevention of
Cruelty to Children.
As an 8 year old
Mother JonesMother Jones
Born may 1st
Died in the 1930s
Founder of the children's rights movement.
New York Labor
End of child labor in
January 27, 1850 –
December 13, 1924
John DeweyJohn Dewey
President of thePresident of the
American PsychologicalAmerican Psychological
Children's rights inChildren's rights in
Acknowledged as one ofAcknowledged as one of
the heroesthe heroes
•Kenya test four million peopleKenya test four million people
for H.I.V.for H.I.V.
•Children’s right number 2 thatChildren’s right number 2 that
states “The right to developstates “The right to develop
physically and mentally in aphysically and mentally in a
healthy manner.”healthy manner.”
•Main focus is on children andMain focus is on children and
•One of the many currentOne of the many current
event on children’s rightsevent on children’s rights
Child brick slaves
YouTube - Modern Day Child Slaves
First Quest ion: Why were t he
children’s right s laws made?
The children’s rights laws were made because children were being treated wrong and
sometimes abused, like they weren’t human beings.
Second Question: What kind of work did the children have to
Most of the time, they had to do work in factories. They
would do small things like make cigar boxes, or yarn.
Sometimes they would even work in fish canning
factories, using knives to open oysters so they could cut
out the meat. They also worked in laundromats, which
resulted in them breathing in dangerous chemicals.
Third Question: How much did the children get paid?
The children usually got paid a small amount of two or three dollars a week. Girls
made less money than boys, who did the exact same jobs, but just by a different
name. For working twelve hours a day, five days a week, they would get paid nine
dollars a day for shelling nuts. Since girls were paid half of the price, they were paid
four dollars and fifty cents.
Fourth Question: How many rights laws are there?
There are forty different children’s rights laws.
Fifth Question: How did the push for Children’s working
rights get started?
In the 1890’s adult factory workers began to join together to form labor unions so they
could bargain for better working conditions and better wages. These benefits naturally
extended down to the children workers as well.
Marching for freedom by Paritage Elizabeth
California's rights and regulations by Nolo Guergin
We rode the orphan trains by Andria warren
I did interview some one for child abuse but she has asked not
to have her name in the PowerPoint