Tapas & Kama –  Restraint and Pleasure  Stick in the 4 aims of Hindu life sheet c) Explain the difference between karma an...
<ul><li>DHARMA   </li></ul><ul><li>practising right conduct in religion and social duties. </li></ul><ul><li>ARTA   :  ear...
What is Tapas?  Definition:  The word  tapas  literally means &quot;heat&quot;  in Hinduism it is an idea which refers to ...
Can you think of any examples  of tapas from Hinduism? Meditations pilgrimage fasting Self-denial, celibacy Giving up poss...
How does this picture show the idea of tapas? Why do you think Hindus would do this?  How would this benefit them?
Why do you think Hindus would do this? How would this benefit them? <ul><li>Atone for misdeeds through penance </li></ul><...
HOW DOES TAPAS RELATE TO HINDU VIEWS ON SEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS? (Think about the 4 ashramas.) <ul><li>In the Brahmacharya as...
HOW DOES TAPAS RELATE TO HINDU VIEWS ON SEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS? (Think about the 4 ashramas.) <ul><li>Tapas  includes  brahm...
How Gandhi used the idea of Tapas - look at this image of Gandhi and discuss how he used this idea of tapas in his life?
How does Barak Obama view  Gandhi ?  <ul><li>What do you think Gandhi’s impact was on Obama?  </li></ul><ul><li>Do you adm...
QUICK GLOSSARY CHECK  1 MARK PER DEFINITION <ul><li>VARNASHRAMADHARMA </li></ul><ul><li>KAMA </li></ul><ul><li>KARMA </li>...
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Sexual Relationships, Tapas & Kama Restraint and Pleasure

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Covers the 4 aims of Hindu life, Tapas definition, examples of Tapas, keyword reminders,

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  • Sexual Relationships, Tapas & Kama Restraint and Pleasure

    1. 1. Tapas & Kama – Restraint and Pleasure Stick in the 4 aims of Hindu life sheet c) Explain the difference between karma and kama. 3 marks
    2. 2. <ul><li>DHARMA </li></ul><ul><li>practising right conduct in religion and social duties. </li></ul><ul><li>ARTA : earning material wealth, honesty and providing for family </li></ul><ul><li>KAMA : enjoying and regulating pleasures and beauty of life </li></ul><ul><li>MOKSHA : </li></ul><ul><li>aiming for final goal of release from the round of rebirth and attaining liberation </li></ul>The 4 aims of life in Hinduism Explain the difference between karma and kama. 3 marks
    3. 3. What is Tapas? Definition: The word tapas literally means &quot;heat&quot; in Hinduism it is an idea which refers to practicing restraint austerity or self-denial (especially refraining from worldly pleasures). Avoiding passion and suffering. This is a religious act and requires discipline, it is used by holy men to challenge their physical state in order to become pure. It involves the endurance of pain and suffering to achieve self-improvement.
    4. 4. Can you think of any examples of tapas from Hinduism? Meditations pilgrimage fasting Self-denial, celibacy Giving up possessions Tapas can be extreme bodily mortification, which is practiced by long term sadhanas, such as meditating under a tree in one place for 12 years, taking a lifetime vow of silence and never speaking or writing, or standing on one leg for a prescribed number of years. Scriptures warn against extreme asceticism that harm the body.
    5. 5. How does this picture show the idea of tapas? Why do you think Hindus would do this? How would this benefit them?
    6. 6. Why do you think Hindus would do this? How would this benefit them? <ul><li>Atone for misdeeds through penance </li></ul><ul><li>to ignite the inner fires of self-transformation, and in turn helps a person to change society. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop self-control: which replenishes the soul - your own internal spiritual environment. </li></ul>
    7. 7. HOW DOES TAPAS RELATE TO HINDU VIEWS ON SEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS? (Think about the 4 ashramas.) <ul><li>In the Brahmacharya ashrama as a student tapas means practising sexual self-restraint. </li></ul><ul><li>Grihastha ashrama between ages 25 – 50 is the only sexually active stage of life for traditional Hindus. </li></ul><ul><li>During retirement your dharma = pilgrimage vanaprastha a samskara which means renouncing your sexual life. In this way, population was always kept under control in an environmentally sound and healthy way. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu philosophy always advocated limits, even limits to sexual activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Holy person - sanyasa, complete renunciation of the world – aseticism total focus on spirituality. </li></ul>
    8. 8. HOW DOES TAPAS RELATE TO HINDU VIEWS ON SEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS? (Think about the 4 ashramas.) <ul><li>Tapas includes brahmacharya , sexual self-restraint. When you are young you have a family, but there is a stage at which you sacrifice your sexual life. After you are fifty you go on pilgrimage and take vanaprastha . That means you renounce your sexual life. In this way, population was always kept under control in an environmentally sound and healthy way. Hindu philosophy always advocated limits, even limits to sexual activity. A certain period of life, between twenty-five and fifty is meant for sexual activity, that's all. There are four stages of life: up to the age of twenty-five is brahmacarya - no sex; then comes family life when everything is permitted in a limited way; then after fifty comes vanaprastha and finally sannyasa , complete renunciation of the world. </li></ul>
    9. 9. How Gandhi used the idea of Tapas - look at this image of Gandhi and discuss how he used this idea of tapas in his life?
    10. 10. How does Barak Obama view Gandhi ? <ul><li>What do you think Gandhi’s impact was on Obama? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you admire Gandhi’s view? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>Should we follow Gandhi’s example of sexual restraint and celibacy, live the ideal and simplicity of the brahmacharya (student) ashrama? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it possible to live as Gandhi did or is it too idealistic? </li></ul><ul><li>Did Gandhi make suffering glamorous? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it a good thing to suffer for your beliefs and why? </li></ul>
    11. 11. QUICK GLOSSARY CHECK 1 MARK PER DEFINITION <ul><li>VARNASHRAMADHARMA </li></ul><ul><li>KAMA </li></ul><ul><li>KARMA </li></ul><ul><li>GRIHASTHA ASHRAMA </li></ul><ul><li>CELIBACY </li></ul><ul><li>RENUNCIATION </li></ul><ul><li>CONTRACEPTION </li></ul><ul><li>CONCEPTION </li></ul>
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