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History of Nursing education

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  • 1. HISTORY<br />OF<br />NURSING<br />EDUCATION<br /> <br />1860-Nightingale set up the first nurse training school at St. Thomas’ Hospital, London.<br />Her methods are reflected in her “Notes on Nursing”(1898).<br />Nursing Education<br />- Teach the knowledge and skill that would enable a nurse to practice in the hospital setting.<br />Nursing Research <br />- Entails developing and expanding knowledge about human responses to actual or potential health problems and investigating the effects of nursing actions on those responses.<br />State Laws recognize 2 types of Nurses:<br />
    • Registered Nurse (RN)
    2. Licensed Practical or Vocational Nurse (LPN, LVN)<br />Mutual Recognition <br />– a regulatory model that allows for multi-state licensure under one license.<br />National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission <br />-provides accreditation standards for all types of nursing programs.<br />Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education <br />- second accrediting body established in 1996<br />Types of Educational Programs:<br />1. Practical or Vocational Nursing Programs<br />- provided by community colleges, vocational schools, hospitals or other independent health agencies.<br />-Usually last 9 or 12 months and provide both classroom and clinical experience.<br />2. Registered Nursing Programs<br />Three major educational routes lead to RN licensure:<br />
    • Diploma
    • 2. Associate degree programs
    • 3. Baccalaureate degree programs
    Diploma<br />-first training programs for nurses at US hospitals were opened in the 1860's<br />- The three-year diploma programs were the dominant nursing programs from the late 1800’s and was the major source of graduates until the mid 1960’s.<br />Associate degree programs<br />-arose in the early 1950’s<br />Trends and events influenced the development:<br />
    • The Cadet Nurse Corps of United States
    • 4. Community College Movement
    • 5. Earlier Nursing Studies
    Baccalaureate degree programs<br />1919 - the University of Minnesota established its undergraduate baccalaureate degree in nursing.<br />-mostly 5 years in length<br />Graduate Nursing Education<br />Requirements for admission:<br />
    • a registered nurse licensed or eligible for licensure
    • 6. hold a baccalaureate degree in nursing from an approved college or university
    • 7. a minimum grade point average of 2.7 to 3.0 on a 4.0 scale.
    • 8. must demonstrate satisfactory achievement on a qualifying exam
    • 9. have letters of recommendation from supervisors, nursing faculty, or nursing colleagues indicating the applicant’s ability to do graduate studies
    Master's Program<br />1953 - the newly established National League for Nursing encouraged educators to develop programs for Master’s degree in Nursing <br />Major emphasis: <br />research and specialization for teaching and administration<br />Degrees granted:<br />
    • Master of Arts
    • 10. Master in Nursing
    • 11. Master of Science in Nursing
    • 12. Master of Science
    Doctoral Programs<br />
    • began in 1960's in US
    • 13. Prepare the nurse for advanced clinical practice, administration, education and research
    Continuing Education<br />
    • formalized experiences designed to enlarged the knowledge or skills of practitioners
    • 14. participants may receive certificates or specialization
    • 15. responsibility for each practicing nurse