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Leading up to civil war
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Leading up to civil war


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  • 1. The Civil War Beginnings
  • 2. The North railroads factories many cities
  • 3. The South plantations slavery
  • 4. Notes
    • The North was busily building cities, factories , and railroads.
    • 2. The South had few factories or large cities. Most people lived on large farms called plantations .
  • 5. Why do you think slavery was important to Southerners?
  • 6.
    • Southern states favored slavery.
    • Many Southern farmers used slaves to work on their plantations.
    • States where slavery was legal included: Texas, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
  • 7.  
  • 8.
    • The South feared that the larger population of the North would pass laws that would hurt the South’s economy.
    • Examples of these laws were:
      • Taxing crops the South sold (cotton, tobacco…)
      • Ending slavery
  • 9. What purchase did the U.S. make in 1803?
  • 10. When the U.S. gained territories they would eventually be divided into states. The U.S. Congress had not decided if slavery would be legal in these new states.
  • 11.  
  • 12. Abraham Lincoln
    • In the 1860 presidential election, Abraham Lincoln promised not to expand slavery into the new territories.
    • When Lincoln won the election, South Carolina seceded from the U.S. It no longer wanted to be governed by U.S. Laws.
  • 13. What does secede mean?
  • 14. By February of 1861, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, and Texas had seceded. They formed a new nation called the Confederate States of America.
  • 15. 4. One by one, seven southern states seceded from the Union. To protect the right to own slaves, they joined together as the Confederate States of America, also called the Confederacy.
  • 16. 5. Secede means to reject the government of the United States and leave the Union. 6. Confederates are supporters of the Confederacy, especially soldiers in the Confederate army.
  • 17. The Confederate leaders elected Jefferson Davis as their president. In March of 1861 he asked for Southern men to volunteer for the Confederate Army.
  • 18. The Civil War begins…
    • President Lincoln wanted to preserve the union of the states. He said it was wrong for the Confederacy to take control of U.S. forts in the South.
    • One of these was Fort Sumter in South Carolina.
    • On April 12 th , 1861 Confederate soldiers fired cannons at Fort Sumter. The Union forces surrendered.
    • The Civil War began.