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The Cold War Basics
 

The Cold War Basics

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  • Photo: Berlin Airlift newsreel
  • Mushroom Cloud: Newsreel of H-Bomb explosion in Bikini Atoll
  • Map of Nuclear Range: NBC coverage of CMC
  • Sputnik Picture: newsreel
  • Moon landing video
  • Flag: news, end of ussr

The Cold War Basics The Cold War Basics Presentation Transcript

  • The Cold War 1945-1991
  • What is it? • Cold = tensions • Tension b/w USA & Soviet Union • Democracy v. Communism • Almost war
  • Berlin Airlift • Germany divided after WWII • USSR blocks Allies from Berlin – Fly in supplies • Eventually build Berlin Wall
  • Alliances • NATO: US, France, Great Britain, Canada, & 8 other European nations • Warsaw Pact: USSR & Eastern Europe
  • Iron Curtain • Speech by Winston Churchill • Means the world is split in two: West & East Not an actual curtain— METAPHOR
  • Arms Race • We have nukes; they want nukes • They get nukes • We get nervous. We build better nukes. (H-Bomb) • They build better nukes. • We threaten each other with our nukes: Mutually Assured Destruction • We agree not to blow each other up…but keep our hands hovered over the BIG RED BUTTON…just in case.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis • USSR puts nuclear weapons in Cuba • USA threatens to attack • 13 days of tension—USSR agrees to back off • Almost nuclear WW3
  • Space Race • USA & USSR want beat each other into space – Maybe send weapons? – Shows who is powerful • USSR: first satellite (Sputnik), first animal (dog) & man into space (Yuri Gagarin) • USA: first man to land on the moon
  • Cold War Heats Up in Asia • China becomes communist seen as “lost” • North Korean tries to become communist  Korean War  UN & US involvement  Korea divides into North and South • N. Vietnam tries to become communist  US gets involved Vietnam war lasts 10+ years  US withdraws in 1970s all of Vietnam falls to communism
  • Collapse of USSR • Gorbachev comes to power in USSR, allows freedoms • Reagan: anti-communist, calls for fall of Berlin Wall—symbol of freedom Torn down in 1989
  • Collapse of USSR • USSR loses territory, people rebel • Soviet Union dissolved in 1991