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Chapter 17.1 italy, birthplace of the renaissance
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Chapter 17.1 italy, birthplace of the renaissance

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  • 1. 17.1The Italian Renaissance is a rebirth of learning that produces many great works of art andliterature.David (1501-1504),Michelangelo
  • 2.  The Renaissance Renaissance—an explosion of creativity in art,writing, and thought Started in northern Italy Lasted from 1300-1600
  • 3.  Merchants and the Medici A wealthy merchant class develops More emphasis on individual achievement Banking family, the Medici, controls Florence Looking to Greece and Rome Artists and scholars study ruins of Rome, andstudy Latin and Greek manuscripts Scholars move to Rome after the fall ofConstantinople in 1453.
  • 4.  Classics Lead to Humanism Humanism—intellectual movement focused onhuman achievements Humanists studied classical texts, history,literature, and philosophy Worldly Pleasures Renaissance society was secular—worldly Wealthy enjoyed fine food, homes, and clothes
  • 5.  Patrons of the Arts Patron—a financial supporterof artists Church leaders spend moneyon artworks to beautify cities Wealthy merchants alsopatrons of the arts The Renaissance Man Excels in many fields: theclassics, art, politics, andcombat BaldassareCastiglione’s(pictured right)The Courtier(1528) teaches how tobecome a “universal” person
  • 6.  The RenaissanceWoman Upper-class, educated inclassics, charming Expected to inspire artbut not create it Isabella d’Este, patron ofthe artists, wields powerin Mantua
  • 7.  Artistic Styles Change Artists use realistic style copied from classical art,often to portray religious subjects Painters use perspective—a way to show threedimensions on canvas Realistic Painting and Sculpture Realistic portraits of prominent citizens Sculpture shows natural postures and expressions The biblical David is a favorite subject amongsculptors (although he looks more like a classicalGreek)
  • 8.  Portraitpainted after1535 ofMichelangeloat the age of60 by JacopinodelConte The novel andfilm The Agonyand theEcstasy isabout himpainting theSistine Chapelfor Pope JuliusII.
  • 9. Photo of the ceiling of theSistineChapel
  • 10. The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo,found of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
  • 11. Michelangelo’sThe LastJudgment inthe SistineChapel
  • 12.  Leonardo, RenaissanceMan Leonardo daVinci—painter, sculptor,inventor, scientist Paints one of the best-known portraits in theworld: the Mona Lisa Famous religiouspainting: The LastSupper
  • 13. Left: Mona LisaAbove: The Last Supper
  • 14. THEVITRUVIAN MANSTUDIES OF A FETUS FROMLEONARDOS JOURNALS
  • 15. INVESTIGATINGTHE MOTIONOFTHE ARM ORGANS OF A WOMAN’S BODY
  • 16. Design of a flyingmachine basedon bat’s wings
  • 17.  Raphael AdvancesRealism Raphael Sanzio, famousfor his use of perspective Favorite subject: theMadonna and child Famous painting: Schoolof Athens
  • 18.  Women Painters Sofonisba Anguissola(pictured right): firstwoman artist to gainworld renown
  • 19.  Women Painters Artemisia Gentileschi(self portrait below)paints strong, heroicwomen (see right).Judith SlayingHolofernes (1614-20) Oilon canvas 199 x 162 cmGalleria degli Uffizi,Florence
  • 20.  NewTrends inWriting Writers use thevernacular—their nativelanguage Self-expression or toportray individuality of thesubject Petrarch and Boccaccio Francesco Petrarch,humanist and poet;woman named Laura is hismuse Boccaccio is best knownfor the Decameron, aseries of stories
  • 21.  Machiavelli AdvisesRulers NiccoloMachievelli, author of apolitical guidebook, ThePrince The Prince examineshow rulers can gain andkeep power
  • 22.  Vittoria Colonna Woman writer withgreat influence Poems express personalemotions

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