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Chapter 17.1 italy, birthplace of the renaissance
 

Chapter 17.1 italy, birthplace of the renaissance

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    Chapter 17.1 italy, birthplace of the renaissance Chapter 17.1 italy, birthplace of the renaissance Presentation Transcript

    • 17.1The Italian Renaissance is a rebirth of learning that produces many great works of art andliterature.David (1501-1504),Michelangelo
    •  The Renaissance Renaissance—an explosion of creativity in art,writing, and thought Started in northern Italy Lasted from 1300-1600
    •  Merchants and the Medici A wealthy merchant class develops More emphasis on individual achievement Banking family, the Medici, controls Florence Looking to Greece and Rome Artists and scholars study ruins of Rome, andstudy Latin and Greek manuscripts Scholars move to Rome after the fall ofConstantinople in 1453.
    •  Classics Lead to Humanism Humanism—intellectual movement focused onhuman achievements Humanists studied classical texts, history,literature, and philosophy Worldly Pleasures Renaissance society was secular—worldly Wealthy enjoyed fine food, homes, and clothes
    •  Patrons of the Arts Patron—a financial supporterof artists Church leaders spend moneyon artworks to beautify cities Wealthy merchants alsopatrons of the arts The Renaissance Man Excels in many fields: theclassics, art, politics, andcombat BaldassareCastiglione’s(pictured right)The Courtier(1528) teaches how tobecome a “universal” person
    •  The RenaissanceWoman Upper-class, educated inclassics, charming Expected to inspire artbut not create it Isabella d’Este, patron ofthe artists, wields powerin Mantua
    •  Artistic Styles Change Artists use realistic style copied from classical art,often to portray religious subjects Painters use perspective—a way to show threedimensions on canvas Realistic Painting and Sculpture Realistic portraits of prominent citizens Sculpture shows natural postures and expressions The biblical David is a favorite subject amongsculptors (although he looks more like a classicalGreek)
    •  Portraitpainted after1535 ofMichelangeloat the age of60 by JacopinodelConte The novel andfilm The Agonyand theEcstasy isabout himpainting theSistine Chapelfor Pope JuliusII.
    • Photo of the ceiling of theSistineChapel
    • The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo,found of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
    • Michelangelo’sThe LastJudgment inthe SistineChapel
    •  Leonardo, RenaissanceMan Leonardo daVinci—painter, sculptor,inventor, scientist Paints one of the best-known portraits in theworld: the Mona Lisa Famous religiouspainting: The LastSupper
    • Left: Mona LisaAbove: The Last Supper
    • THEVITRUVIAN MANSTUDIES OF A FETUS FROMLEONARDOS JOURNALS
    • INVESTIGATINGTHE MOTIONOFTHE ARM ORGANS OF A WOMAN’S BODY
    • Design of a flyingmachine basedon bat’s wings
    •  Raphael AdvancesRealism Raphael Sanzio, famousfor his use of perspective Favorite subject: theMadonna and child Famous painting: Schoolof Athens
    •  Women Painters Sofonisba Anguissola(pictured right): firstwoman artist to gainworld renown
    •  Women Painters Artemisia Gentileschi(self portrait below)paints strong, heroicwomen (see right).Judith SlayingHolofernes (1614-20) Oilon canvas 199 x 162 cmGalleria degli Uffizi,Florence
    •  NewTrends inWriting Writers use thevernacular—their nativelanguage Self-expression or toportray individuality of thesubject Petrarch and Boccaccio Francesco Petrarch,humanist and poet;woman named Laura is hismuse Boccaccio is best knownfor the Decameron, aseries of stories
    •  Machiavelli AdvisesRulers NiccoloMachievelli, author of apolitical guidebook, ThePrince The Prince examineshow rulers can gain andkeep power
    •  Vittoria Colonna Woman writer withgreat influence Poems express personalemotions