17.1The Italian Renaissance is a rebirth of learning that produces many great works of art andliterature.David (1501-1504),Michelangelo
The Renaissance Renaissance—an explosion of creativity in art,writing, and thought Started in northern Italy Lasted from 1300-1600
Merchants and the Medici A wealthy merchant class develops More emphasis on individual achievement Banking family, the Medici, controls Florence Looking to Greece and Rome Artists and scholars study ruins of Rome, andstudy Latin and Greek manuscripts Scholars move to Rome after the fall ofConstantinople in 1453.
Classics Lead to Humanism Humanism—intellectual movement focused onhuman achievements Humanists studied classical texts, history,literature, and philosophy Worldly Pleasures Renaissance society was secular—worldly Wealthy enjoyed fine food, homes, and clothes
Patrons of the Arts Patron—a financial supporterof artists Church leaders spend moneyon artworks to beautify cities Wealthy merchants alsopatrons of the arts The Renaissance Man Excels in many fields: theclassics, art, politics, andcombat BaldassareCastiglione’s(pictured right)The Courtier(1528) teaches how tobecome a “universal” person
The RenaissanceWoman Upper-class, educated inclassics, charming Expected to inspire artbut not create it Isabella d’Este, patron ofthe artists, wields powerin Mantua
Artistic Styles Change Artists use realistic style copied from classical art,often to portray religious subjects Painters use perspective—a way to show threedimensions on canvas Realistic Painting and Sculpture Realistic portraits of prominent citizens Sculpture shows natural postures and expressions The biblical David is a favorite subject amongsculptors (although he looks more like a classicalGreek)
Portraitpainted after1535 ofMichelangeloat the age of60 by JacopinodelConte The novel andfilm The Agonyand theEcstasy isabout himpainting theSistine Chapelfor Pope JuliusII.
Raphael AdvancesRealism Raphael Sanzio, famousfor his use of perspective Favorite subject: theMadonna and child Famous painting: Schoolof Athens
Women Painters Sofonisba Anguissola(pictured right): firstwoman artist to gainworld renown
Women Painters Artemisia Gentileschi(self portrait below)paints strong, heroicwomen (see right).Judith SlayingHolofernes (1614-20) Oilon canvas 199 x 162 cmGalleria degli Uffizi,Florence
NewTrends inWriting Writers use thevernacular—their nativelanguage Self-expression or toportray individuality of thesubject Petrarch and Boccaccio Francesco Petrarch,humanist and poet;woman named Laura is hismuse Boccaccio is best knownfor the Decameron, aseries of stories
Machiavelli AdvisesRulers NiccoloMachievelli, author of apolitical guidebook, ThePrince The Prince examineshow rulers can gain andkeep power