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7.2 trade spreads indian religion and culture

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  • 1. 7.2 Trade Spreads Indian Religions and Culture
  • 2. Buddhism and Hinduism Change Traditional Hindu and Buddhist Beliefs • Hinduism blends Aryan beliefs and other beliefs; polytheistic—believes in many gods. • To Buddhists, desire causes suffering, but suffering can be overcome.
  • 3. Buddhism and Hinduism Change A More Popular Form of Buddhism • Belief in bodhisattvas develops— potential Buddhas who save humanity • Mahayana sect—Buddhists accepting new doctrines of worship and salvation. • Theravada sect—Buddhists who follow original teachings of Buddha • Wealthy Buddhist merchants build stupas—stone structures over relics
  • 4. Buddhist Denominations and Schools Buddhism Hinayana Mahayana“The Lesser Vehicle” “The Greater Vehicle” (Theravada) Zen (7th Century C.E., China Vadjrayana Tantric Buddhism Vietnam, Korea, Japan) (6th-7th Century India) Tibetan (Tibet) Shingon (Japan) Pure Land Yogacara (4th Century C.E.) (begins 13th Century Japan) Tiantai Madhyamaka (China, Korea, Japan) Tendai (Japan) Nichiren (Japan)
  • 5. A Buddha image from Nepal
  • 6. A “stupa”
  • 7. Buddhism and Hinduism Change A Hindu Rebirth • Hinduism is remote from people by time of Mauryan Empire • Hinduism moves toward monotheism; gods are part of one divine force  Brahma—creator of the world  Vishnu—preserver of the world  Shiva—destroyer of the world
  • 8. Brahma
  • 9. Vishnu
  • 10. Shiva
  • 11. Achievements of Indian Culture Literature and the Performing Arts • Kalidasa—poet and dramatist, one of India’s greatest writers • His skillful and emotionally stirring plays are still popular • Madurai writing accademies create literature; 2,000 Tamil poems survive • Drama and dance troupes gain popularity and travel widely
  • 12. Achievements of Indian Culture Astronomy, Mathematics, and Medicine • Ocean trade leads to advances in astronomy • Indian astronomers in Gupta Empire prove that the world is round. • Mathematicians develop the idea of zero and decimal system • Doctors write medical guides and make advances in surgery
  • 13. The Spread of Indian Trade India’s Valuable Resources • India has spices, diamonds, precious stones, and good quality wood
  • 14. The Spread of Indian Trade India’s Valuable Resources • India has spices, diamonds, precious stones, and good quality wood Overland Trade, East and West • Trade routes called Silk Roads connect Asia and Europe • Indians build trading posts to take advantage of the Silk Roads
  • 15. The Spread of Indian Trade Sea Trade, East and West • Indian merchants carry goods to Rome by sea • Merchants trade by sea with Africa, Arabia, China, Southeast Asia
  • 16. The Spread of Indian Trade Effects of Indian Trade • Increased trade leads to rise in banking • Bankers lend money to merchants, careful of degree of risk • Increased trade spreads Indian culture to other places • Trade brings Hinduism, Buddhism to other lands