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5.1 Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea
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5.1 Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea

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  • 1. 5.1 Cultures of the Mountains5.1 Cultures of the Mountains and the Seaand the Sea The roots of Greek culture are basedThe roots of Greek culture are based on interaction of the Mycenaean,on interaction of the Mycenaean, Minoan, and Dorian culturesMinoan, and Dorian cultures 5.15.1
  • 2. Geography Shapes Greek LifeGeography Shapes Greek Life – Ancient GreeceAncient Greece Collection of separate lands where Greek-Collection of separate lands where Greek- speaking people livespeaking people live Includes mainland and about 2000 islandsIncludes mainland and about 2000 islands – The SeaThe Sea The sea shapes Greek civilizationThe sea shapes Greek civilization Proximity to sea, lack of resourcesProximity to sea, lack of resources encourage sea travel and tradeencourage sea travel and trade
  • 3. Geography Shapes Greek LifeGeography Shapes Greek Life – The LandThe Land Mountains slow travel, divide land intoMountains slow travel, divide land into regionsregions Lack of fertile land leads to smallLack of fertile land leads to small populations, need for coloniespopulations, need for colonies – The ClimateThe Climate Moderate climate promotes outdoor lifeModerate climate promotes outdoor life Greek men, especially, spend much of theirGreek men, especially, spend much of their time outsidetime outside
  • 4. Mycenaean Civilization DevelopsMycenaean Civilization Develops The Trojan WarThe Trojan War – Trojan War – fought by MycenaeansTrojan War – fought by Mycenaeans against city of Troy in 1200s BCagainst city of Troy in 1200s BC – Once though to be fictional,Once though to be fictional, archaeological evidence has been foundarchaeological evidence has been found
  • 5. Greek Culture Declines UnderGreek Culture Declines Under the Doriansthe Dorians Dorians Replace MycenaeansDorians Replace Mycenaeans – Mycenaean civilization collapses aroundMycenaean civilization collapses around 1200 BC1200 BC – Dorians – possibly relatives to theDorians – possibly relatives to the Bronze AgeBronze Age – Greeks – move into GreeceGreeks – move into Greece – Less advanced than Mycenaeans,Less advanced than Mycenaeans, Dorians leave no written recordsDorians leave no written records
  • 6. Greek Culture Declines UnderGreek Culture Declines Under the Doriansthe Dorians Epics of HomerEpics of Homer – Oral tradition grows, especially epics ofOral tradition grows, especially epics of Homer – blind storytellerHomer – blind storyteller – Epic – a narrative poem about heroicEpic – a narrative poem about heroic deedsdeeds – Homer’s Epic theHomer’s Epic the IliadIliad, about Trojan, about Trojan War, shows Greek heroic idealWar, shows Greek heroic ideal
  • 7. Greek Culture Declines UnderGreek Culture Declines Under the Doriansthe Dorians Greeks Create MythsGreeks Create Myths – Greeks develop their own myths – traditionalGreeks develop their own myths – traditional stories about godsstories about gods – Greeks seek to understand mysteries of lifeGreeks seek to understand mysteries of life through mythsthrough myths – Greeks attribute human qualities – love, hate,Greeks attribute human qualities – love, hate, jealousy – to their godsjealousy – to their gods – Zeus, ruler of Gods, lives on Mount OlympusZeus, ruler of Gods, lives on Mount Olympus with his wife, Herawith his wife, Hera – Zeus’s daughter Athena is goddess of wisdomZeus’s daughter Athena is goddess of wisdom and guardian of citiesand guardian of cities